Sunday, May 27, 2007

  • BEKTASHI, 1) dervishsky order, founded in Turkey Hadzhi Bektashi in 15 century. It is officially closed in 1826. There was in Turkey up to 1925, then a centre in Albania. 2) the Member of order Bektashi.
  • It is WHITE IV (Bela) (1206-70), king of the Hungarian kingdom with 1235. From dynasty Arpadov. Having sufferred a defeat from the mongolo-tartar (1241), ran; after their maintenance{drift} (1242) has strengthened an economy and defensive capability of country. Has given (1267) number{series} of privileges to small-sized and mean nobility. Wared against Venice because of dalmatinskih cities (1243-44), with the Czech king Przhemyslom II because of Austria and SHtirii (1253-54, 1260).
  • BELAZURI (ok. 820-892), the Arabian historian. Compositions on a political history, economy Arabian halifata, including Compare. Asia and Caucasus.
  • "BELARUSFILM", film studio of feature films. It is organized in 1924, with 1928 in Leningrad, with 1939 in Minsk. Up to 1946 - " the Soviet Byelorussia ". Among films: " Kastus Kalinovsky " (1928), " On fire born " (1930), "Konstantin Zaslonov" (1949), " Hours have stayed at midnight " (1959), "republic Rudobelskaja" (1972), " Time of its{her} sons " (1976), " Kultpohod in theatre " (1983), " the Mark of a trouble " (1987), "Branch" (1988), " to Birds side panels not in burden " (1989).
  • BELASITSA, a mountain ridge on border{limit} of the modern Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Greece; 29.7.1014 on boreal downslopes Belasitsy, in a valley r. Strumitsa, a troops of the byzantian emperor Vasily II have divided the Bulgarian army; by 14 thousand captured bolgar have been blinded.
  • BELAUNDE TERRI (Belaunde Terry) Fernando (r. 1912), the president of Peru in 1963-68 and 1980-85. The founder (1956) and the leader of a consignment National action.
  • BELASHOVA Ekaterina Fedorovna (1906-71), the sculptor, the national artist of the USSR (1963), corresponding member AH the USSR (1964). Products{creations} of a heavy sculpture ("Unsubdued", 1957; " A.S.Pushkin. 1837 year ", 1964). The state premium of the USSR (1967).
  • WHITE, the river on JUzh. Ural and in Preduralje, the left-handed in-leak{influx} of Kama. 1430 kms, the area of basin of 142 thousand êì2. Average discharge of water 970 m3 / with. Main inflow - Ufa, Dema. It is navigable from Ufa.
  • WHITE, the river on the Sowing. Caucasus, the left-handed in-leak{influx} of Kuban. 273 kms, the area of basin 5990 êì2. On White - 2 river plants.
  • FALSE ACACIA, plant from a stem a black locust.
  • WHITE VEZHA, see. Sarkel.
  • WHITE Galina Andreevna (r. 1931), the Russian critic, the literary critic. The professor of the Russian state humanitarian university. The main{basic} activities are dedicated the literature and criticism of 20th of 20 century, the modern literary process. Books: " Regularities of style development of the Soviet prose of the twentieth years " (1977), " Filosofsko-ethical problems of the modern literature " (1982), etc.
  • WHITE GUARDS, the informal name of the military formations struggling within the Civil war against the Soviet authority. The origin of the term is connected to traditional symbolics of a white as colours of adherents of " the legal law order ". The basis{fundamentals} of White guards - officers of former imperial army; a guiding - military tops (M.V.Alekseev, P.N.Vrangel, A.I.Denikin, A.V.Kolchak, L.G.Kornilov, E.K.Miller, N.N.Judenich).
  • WHITE MOUNTAIN, mountain in Czechoslovakia, bliz Prague. On the White mountain 8.11.1620 during Thirty-year war the impersko-Bavarian troops of Roman catholic league have divided the Czech troops then Czechia has lost independence.
  • DELIRIUM TREMENS, see in an item. Alcoholic psychosises.
  • WHITE KALITVA, city (with 1958) in the Russian Federation, the Rostov region, landing stage on r. Severski Donets. A depot. 48,8 thousand inhabitants (1992). Production of mineral coal. Factories: an agricultural machine industry, metallurgical; a food-processing industry.
  • WILLOW GROUSE, bird of a set teterevinyh. Length up to 46 see. In the winter a plumage white, in the summer - zheltovato-reddish. In tundras and a forest steppe of Eurasia and the Sowing. America. Object of a craft.
  • The WHITE MOUSE, home a mouse - albino which as a result of hereditary variations has pigmentation; laboratory animal.
  • The WHITE OLYMPIAD, the widespread title of winter Olympic Games.
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