Tuesday, May 29, 2007

  • CONCRETE MIXER, the machine for a preparation of concrete from cement, sand, gravel, a broken stone and water their agitating{stirring} in a rotated drum capacity up to 1,6 m3. Productivity{output} of 5-120 m3 / ch.
  • BETPAK-GIVE (Bedpak-give, Boreal Hungry steppe), desert in Kazakhstan, from r. Sarysu in the west up to an eskar. Balkhash on the orient. Ok. 75 thousand êì2. A flat undulating plain. An altitude of 300-350 m (the greatest - Dzhambul, 974 ì). Pastures; the locuses of agriculture.
  • BETSON (Bateson) William, see Betson For.
  • BETTELHAJM (Bettelheim) Bruno (1903-91), the Austrian psychoanalyst. In 1938-39 encased in Dachau and Buhenvalde, with 1940 in emigration in the USA. Transactionses about psychologic consequences of a totalitarianism, emotional distresses for children (autism), etc.: " Symbolical wounds " (1954), " the Educated heart " (1960), "Survival" (1979).
  • BEETHOVEN (Beethoven) Ludwig van (1770-1827), the german composer, the pianist and the conductor. Cable cores in Vienna with 1792. In his{its} creativity have found reflectance of idea of Great French revolution. The representative of the austrian classical school. Has created geroiko-drama phylum simfonizma (3-n "Heroic", 1804, 5-n, 1808, 9-n, 1823, concordances; opera " Ôèäåëèî ", final edition 1814; overtures "Koriolan", 1807, "Egmont", 1810; a number{series} of tool{instrument} bands, sonatas, concerts). Full the deafness, comprehended{overtaken} Beethoven in midpoint a creative development, has not broken his{its} will. Serotinal{late} compositions differ philosophical character. 9 concordances, 5 concerts for a piano with an orchestra; 16 string quartets and other bands; tool{instrument} sonatas, including 32 for a piano, (among them t. n. "Pathetic", 1798, "Lunar", 1801, "Appassionata", 1805), 10 for a violin from a piano; "High mass" (1823).
  • BEHAIZM, a religious - political trend. Has arisen in Iraq in it is grey. 19 century after depressing{supression} babidskih revolts, then were distributed in the Near East, in Zap. To Europe and the USA, partly in Russia. Founder Mirza Husejn Ali Behaulla preached conciliation with shahskoj an authority. In the off-the-shelf time behaizm preaches ideas of denial of national states, connections of science and religion. The main centres - in the USA and Germany.
  • BEHAJM (Bem) (Boheim) Hans (?-1476), the german shepherd, the national ecclesiast in d. Niklashauzen (Franconia), the inspirer of country motion 1476 in Central Germany. It incinerated as the heretic.
  • BEHAJM (Behaim) Martin (1459-1507), the german geographer. In 1492 has created the first geographycal terrestrial globe which has mirrored geographycal submissions about a surface of the Earth before discovering It is new. Light.
  • BEHANZIN (Gbehanzin) (ok. 1851-1906), the governor of Dahomey (sovr. Benin) in 1890-94. Led persistent extirpation against the French colonialists.
  • BEHAR Mohammed Tagi (1886-1951), the Iranian poet, the scientist - philologist. The opponent of reaction and religionism. The collection " Prison compositions ", a poem " the Owl of war "; 3-languid "Stylistics".
  • BEHER (Becher) Iogann Ioahim (1635-82), the german chemist and the doctor. Has created the first chemical theory - the theory flogistona. Supervised (1669) at action of sulfuric acid on spirit of wine secretion of a combustible gas (ethylene).
  • BEHER (Becher) Iogannes Robert (1891-1958), the german writer and the statesman, Minister for crop of the German Democratic Republic (with 1954), the founder and president Kulturbunda (with 1945), the president of Academy of arts of the German Democratic Republic (1953-56). One of organizers of german anti-fascist literary motion. In 1933-45 in emigration. The anti-war novel "Lewisite" (1926). Poetic collections " the Researcher of happiness and seven sins " (1938), " the Walk of midpoint of eyelid " (1958), etc.; the novel "Farewell" (1940) on the autobiographical basis{fundamentals}. The tetralogy "Experiences" (1951-57) about problems of crop. The international Lenin premium (1952).
  • BEHZAD Kemaleddin (ok. 1455-1535/36), miniatjurist, the largest representative geratskoj schools of a miniature. The master of the dynamic multifigurate compositions, the refined colour constructions, indicative drawings.
  • BEHISTUNSKAJA the INSCRIPTION, trilingual (drevnepersidsky, elamsky and babylonian) the cuneiform text on rock Behistun (Bisutun), bliz Hamadan in Iran, cut under the order of tsar Darija I. Contains an exposition of events in the state Ahemenidov predominary in 522-519 up to n. e. It is read in 30-40-Õ by of 19 century (basically) English scientist G.K.Roulinsonom that has laid foundation to decoding of the cuneiform letter of many peoples Other. The orient.
  • BEKHTEREV Vladimir Mihajlovich (1857-1927), the Russian neurologist, the psychiatrist and the psychologist, the founder of scientific school. Fundamental transactionses on anatomy, physiologies and a pathology of nervous system. Probes of medical application of hypnosis, including at alkogolizme. Transactionses on sexual education, conduct of the child of early age, social psychology. Probeed the personality on the basis of complex{integrated} study of a brain by physiological, anatomic and psychologic methods. The founder of a reflexology. The organizer and the chief of Psychoneurological institute (1908; nowadays him{it}. Bekhterev) and Institute on study of a brain and mental activity (1918).
  • BEKHTEREV DISEASE, the same, that an ankylosing spondylarthritis. V.M.Behterevym in 1893 is described.
  • BEKHTEREV Natalia Petrovna (r. 1924), the physiologist, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; academician AN the USSR with 1981), the academician Russian AMN (1975). Grand daughter V.M.Bekhterev. Transactionses on physiology of mental activity, structurally functional organization and bioelectric activity of a brain in a pathology. The state premium of the USSR (1985).
  • BETS Vladimir Alekseevich (1834-94), the Russian anatomist and the histologist, one of founders of the doctrine about tsitoarhitektonike a cerebral cortex. Has described (1874) huge pyramidal cells (cell Betsa).
  • BETS Vladimir Alekseevich (1834-94), the Russian anatomist and the histologist, one of founders of the doctrine about tsitoarhitektonike a cerebral cortex. Has described (1874) huge pyramidal cells (cell Betsa).
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