Thursday, May 17, 2007

  • FISCAL YEAR, legislatively content annual time of drawing up, the statement and performance of a public finance. In the majority of countries corresponds calendar (the Russian Federation, Italy, France, Germany), in some - from April, 1 till March, 31 (the Great Britain, Japan), from July, 1 till June, 30 (Canada), from October, 1 till September, 30 (USA), from March, 1 till February, 28 (Turkey).
  • BUDGET GAP, excess of charges of a public finance above his incomes, a defining unstable rule of public finances.
  • BUDGET INDEX, the same, that the cost of living index.
  • BASKET OF GOODS, the inventory and the services, the defining volume (counting upon family or per capita) and a pattern of consumption. It is applied to calculations of a budget index.
  • BJUISSON (Buisson) Ferdinand Eduar (1841-1932), the French teacher. One of organizers of pacifist movement. The creator in 1898 Leagues of the human right. Transactionses on production of a school affair and general problems of education. The initiator of school reforms in France in kon. 19 century. The Nobel Prize of the world (1927, together with L.Kvidde).
  • BJULER (Buhler) Charles (1879-1963), the german psychologist, the representative vjurtsburgskoj schools. In 1922-38 in Vienna, with 1938 in the USA. Originating of intelligence connected to occurrence of certificates sudden comprehensions ("aga-experience"). Transactionses on development of nursery intellection, on psychologic aspects of speech.
  • The REPORT (frants. bulletin, from ital. bulletino - a note, the leaf).. 1) collection of official certificates, orders and t. p... 2) the Brief official report (about course of act of war, a level of health, etc.)... 3) the Periodic or continuing issuing dedicated any circle of problems... 4) the Voting slip - the document for voting with surnames of candidates... 5) In the Russian right as the report call in a household activities the leaf of invalidity.
  • BJULOV (Bulow) Adam Genrih Ditrih a background (1757-1807), the Prussian military theorist. Has put forward the thesis about subordination of the strategy to policy; dogmatiziroval experience of management of wars of 18 century.
  • BJULOV Bernhard (1849-1929), prince, German rejhskantsler and the Prussian minister - president in 1900-09. In 1897-1900 imperial stats-secretary of foreign businesses. In 1907 has achieved building " Gottentotskogo the unit ".
  • BJULOV Hans a background (1830-94), the german pianist, the conductor, the composer, the musical critic. Pupil F.Lista. Propagandized products of Russian composers in Zap. To Europe (especially P.I.Chajkovskogo).
  • BJULOVSKY the UNIT, see " Gottentotsky the unit ".
  • BJULBJULI (korotkopalye ousels), a set of birds of order sparrow. 120 kinds, predominary in tropics and subtropics of Eastern hemisphere. 1 kind flies on the south of Uzbekistan, other - on the south Bayshore kr. And to Sakhalin.
  • BJUL-BJUL (an ice-film. A name and fam. Murtuza Meshadi Rza ogly Mamedov) (1897-1961), the Azerbaijan singer (the lyrico-dramatic tenor) and the specialist in folklore, the national actor of the USSR (1938). One of founders of the Azerbaijan modern musical theatre. With 1920 at the Azerbaijan theatre of opera and ballet. The professor of the Azerbaijan conservatory (with 1940). The state premium of the USSR (1950).
  • BJULFINGER (Bilfinger) (Bullfinger, Bilfinger) George Bernhard (1693-1750), physics and the philosopher, one of the first academicians Petersburg AN (1725-30; the foreign honorary member with 1731). By origin the German. One of organizers of Physical cabinet AN.
  • BJUNJUEL Ë., see Bunjuel L.
  • BJURAKANSKAJA ASTROPHYSICAL OBSERVATORY AN of Armenia. It is based in 1946 on Aragats. Instruments: 100-sm and 53-sm Schmidt telescopes, 2,6-th reflector, etc. The Radio astronomy station. Probes: a structure of the Galaxy, transient objects, extra-galactical astronomy, etc.
  • The BURGHERS (a nem. Burgertum), burghers (from a nem. Burger - the town-dweller).. 1) all inhabitants of Western-European medieval city... 2) the Term more often used in the historical literature for notation of interlayer of the population of medieval city.
  • BURGHERS LANKIJSKIE an ethnic generality on Sri Lanka, descendants from discards of Europeans with singalkami and tamilkami. 55 thousand person (1992). Are divided on the Portuguese and Dutch burghers lankijskih, and also t. n. Eurasians (descendants from anglo-lankijskih discards). Speak basically in English. Live primarily in cities. Believing protesters and roman catholics.
  • OFFICE (frants. bureau), 1) the collegiate body elected or founded for management fixed, primarily of administrative, managing activity in any organization, a society, establishment... 2) the Title of some establishments (napr., reference office)... 3) the Desk, it is routine with shelves, boxes both other branches and a cover.
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