Tuesday, May 15, 2007

  • HEART BLOCK, the arrhythmia of heart stipulated by violation of realization in the myocardium of a pulse to reduction; inquest of rheumatic disease, a cardiosclerosis, intoxications, etc. Can be temporary and a stationary value, the partial and full.
  • The BLOCKHOUSE (a nem. Blockhaus), a shore fortification (with walls and cover from a tree, concrete, etc., with a living accommodation for garrison) for management circular ruzhejno-machine-gun, and sometimes and ammunition fire. In 1-st and 2-nd world wars defences of cities were applied basically to cover of bridges, mountain passes, etc.
  • The BLOCK MAP, perspective of any plot of a surface together with a geological record of earth crust. It is used primarily at study of interrelations of a relief and a geologic structure.
  • The BLOCKING OSCILLATOR, the relaxation oscillator with the transformer converse connection, producing short-lived (ok. 1 mcs) the electric pulses recurring through rather major intervals. Are applied in devices of a pulse technique.
  • LOCKING of ACCOUNTS, forfeiting of masters of bank accounts of the right loosely to dispose of a means. Implements public authorities at introduction of economic sanctions to other country; at establishment of currency or credit limitations; under the solution of courts of justice under the claim to an account holder.
  • BLOCKED OUT HOUSES, maloetazhnye the residential buildings consisting of inhabited cells located in a number, each of which has a do-it-yourself orifice and a separate garden plot.
  • BLOCKAGE, change of a mode of behavior (down to a shut-down) machines, the device or the device, called by sudden violation of normal conditions of their operation; prevents error actions at operation control of technical object. Implements automatically or by hand-carry.
  • BLOMBERG (Blomberg) the Werner a background (1878-1946), german general - field marshal (1936). With 1933 minister rejhsvera, with 1935 military minister and the commander-in-chief armed forces. With 1938 in demission.
  • BLOMBERGEN, Blumbergen (Bloembergen) Nicolas (r. 1920), American physics. Was born in Netherlands, with 1919 in the USA. Transactionses on a nuclear magnetic and electronic paramagnetic resonance, nonlinear optician, a quantum electronics. Has offered to apply (1956) t. n. A method of 3 levels for building the paramagnetic quantum amplifier of a radio-frequency range. The Nobel Prize (1981, together with A.Shavlovym).
  • BLOMSTRAND (Blomstrand) Christian Wilhelm (1826-97), the Swedish chemist and mineralog. One of creators t. n. The chain theory of a structure of complexes. Has received (1866) metal niobium, has defined atomic weight of a titanium, niobium, etc. elements. Has discovered (1888) plane symmetric isomerism of some inorganic complexes. Has conducted the analysis of many minerals.
  • BLONDEL (Blondel) Moris (1861-1949), the French philosopher, the representative spiritualizma and a roman catholic modernism.
  • BLONDEL Francois (1618-86), the French architect, the representative of a classicism (a gate of Saint-Denis in Paris, 1672).
  • BLONDER (from frants. blonde - yellow-green, reddish, fair-haired, blond), a lace from a silk - raw of yellow-green colour (at conservation of natural color of raw material), and also white or black colour. In 18 century, to time of a wide circulation of a lace in Russia, a blonder alongside with women wore also men in the capacity of a jabot, sealing rings, cravats, furnish of jackets.
  • BLONSKY Paul Petrovich (1884-1941), the Russian teacher, the psychologist, the historian of philosophy. The creator (1919) and the professor (up to 1931) Academies of social education in Moscow. Disjointed ideas of a pedology. Has advanced the theory of labour national school, has offered the genetic theory of memory.
  • BLOUT (Blout) Elkan (r. 1919), the American biochemist, the foreign member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; foreign member AN the USSR with 1976). Transactionses on probe of proteolytic enzymes and proteins in membranes of erythrocytes.
  • FLEAS (Bloch) Konrad Emil (r. 1912), the American biochemist. Was born in Germany, with 1936 in the USA. Has placed a role of a cholesterine in a metabolism for animal and milestones of his biosynthesis. The Nobel Prize (1964, together with F.Linenom).
  • FLEAS Raisa Noevna (1899-1943), the Russian poetess. In 1921 has emigrated; a vein in Berlin. Collections of verses: " Wash city ", "Tishin" (both 1935), "Covenants" (1939; together with M.Borodinoj). The poem " was brought with a random rumour... " Has become it is known as a romance from A.N.Vertinsky repertoir. Has perished in fascist concentration camp.
  • FLEAS Feliks (1905-83), American physics, one of founders of a quantum theory of a solid. Was born in Switzerland, with 1934 in the USA. Has developed the theory of an energy spectrum of crystals, a temperature dependence of a magnetization of ferromagnetic substance near to an absolute zero. Has discovered (1946, irrespective of E.Persella) nuclear magnetic resonance. The Nobel Prize (1952, together with Persellom).
  • FLEAS Ernest (1880-1959), the Swiss and American composer, the conductor. The concordance with singing "Israel" (1919), the rhapsody for a violoncello with orchestra "SHelomo" (1916) and other compositions of large forms, founded on jewish melose.
  • FLEAS, order of hexapods. The stomatic apparatus koljushche-sucking. Side panels no, gaskins prygatelnye. Length of 1-6 mm. Ok. 1000 kinds. Adult fleas parasitize on birds, mammals and the person, eating blood; many - carriers of causal organisms of infections, including a plague.
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