Wednesday, May 9, 2007

  • LAGUTIN Boris Nikolaevich (r. 1938), the Russian sportsman (box), the deserved master of sport (1963). The champion of Olympic Games (1964, 1968), Europe (1961, 1963), the repeated champion of the USSR (in 1959-68) in 1-st mean weight.
  • LAD, the major aesthetic grade of music; system zvukovysotnyh communications, consolidated a central note (consonance). It is embodied in zvukorjade (acoustical system). Elements lada (notes, consonances) are in fixed attitudes among themselves (see. Functions ladovye, the Foundations and neustoj). Historical forms lada: opevanie the tint - foundations close notes on an altitude; modal (monodicheskie) lady, the bound with a principle of a melody - model (a mode, popevki; see. Ancient greek lady, Natural lady, Medieval lady, to Poppies, Raga); european harmonic chromaticity of 17-19 centuries (a major and the minor). New altitude structures in music of 20 century (including in dodekafonii) are used alongside with classical and recreated ancient phylums lada. See also Pentatonika, Diatonika, the Chromatism.
  • LADA (Lada) Joseph (1887-1957), the Czech schedule and the painter. Political caricatures and case histories (" Adventures of gallant soldier Shvejka " J.Gashek, 1924) differ laconism of contour drawing, good-natured national humour.
  • LADAKH, a backbone northward from B.Gimalaev. Length over 600 kms, an altitude up to 7728 m. Mountain deserts, icehouses.
  • FRANKINCENSE (from grech. ladanon), the aromatic pitch secreted with some plants of a set of a rock-rose family (rock rose) and burzerovyh. Receive frankincense a joggle of a bark primarily an incense tree and some other kinds of a stem bosvelija sets burzerovyh. Apply to aromatic smokings at religious rities.
  • FRANKINCENSE Pantelejmon Efimovich (1908-83), the Russian scientist in range of animal husbandry, academician VASHNIL (1966). Transactionses on fundamental theory porodoobrazovanija and physiologies agricultural animal. Has introduced new high-yield breeds of pigs (North Caucasian, new Don meat). Developed scientific fundamentalses of a feeding and the content agricultural animal. The state premium of the USSR (1971).
  • LADINO, the title of ispano-American Indian mongrels in Latin America
  • LADINY, see in an item. Retoromantsy.
  • FINE Vadim Evstafievich (r. 1918), the Ukrainian architect, the national architect of the USSR (1984). The main activities: the building of branch of social sciences AN of Ukraine (1954), riverside station (1961), Rusanovsky an inhabited mass (1964-71; the chief), hostel " Slavutich " (1972) - all in Kiev.
  • LADOGA, old russian city in the Novgorod ground (nowadays seconds. An item Ladoga Volkhov on the Leningrad region). The part of the bank and stone strength, church of 12 century with frescos were saved. Residues of residential districts of 8-12 centuries. In 1704 city has been transferred to a mouth r. Volkhov (It is new. Ladoga).
  • The LADOGA MILITARY FLOTILLA (okt. 1939 - nojab. 1944) on Ladoga an eskar. In Great Domestic war transported freights, refill, etc. to deposited Leningrad, participat in his defence, Svirsko-Petrozavodsk (1944 operation.
  • The LADOGA LAKE (the old russian title - Nevo), in northwest of the European part of the Russian Federation. The area of 17,7 thousand êì2, with islands of 18,1 thousand êì2. An average depth of 51 m, the greatest of 230 m. Ok. 660 islands (large - Mantsinsari, Balaam). Run rr. Volkhov, Svir, etc., escapes r. Neva. Fishery; navigation. In connection with industrialization of locale has undergone to acute pollution. On coasts Ladoga an eskar. - Priozersk, Shlisselburg, etc.
  • LADON, in the Grecian mythology-1) the god of the river in Arcadys (Peloponnesus), the son of Ocean and Tefidy, father Dafny. 2) the Dragon, son Forkisa and Keto, protecting golden apples in garden Gesperid. It is killed Geraklom.
  • LADOTONALNOST, see. Chromaticity.
  • LADUSHKIN (up to 1946 Ljudvigsort), city in the Russian Federation, the Kaliningrad region, bliz Kaliningrad a hall. Baltic m. A depot. 3,1 thousand inhabitants (1992). Maslodelatelnyj factory, zverosovhoz. It is based in 1314. It is renamed in honour of the Hero of Soviet Union I.M.Ladushkina who has perished in breakages under Kenigsbergom in 1945.
  • LADUSHKIN (up to 1946 Ljudvigsort), city in the Russian Federation, the Kaliningrad region, bliz Kaliningrad a hall. Baltic m. A depot. 3,1 thousand inhabitants (1992). Maslodelatelnyj factory, zverosovhoz. It is based in 1314. It is renamed in honour of the Hero of Soviet Union I.M.Ladushkina who has perished in breakages under Kenigsbergom in 1945.
  • LADYZHENSKAJA Olga Aleksandrovna (r. 1922), the Russian mathematician, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; academician AN the USSR with 1990). Transactionses on differential equations with partial derivatives. The state premium of the USSR (1969).
  • LADYZHIN, city (with 1973) on Ukraine, Vinnitsa region. A depot. 20,2 thousand inhabitants (1991). Ladyzhinskaja a state district power station. Factories: enzyme preparations, canning. Production of granite.
  • LADYNINA Marina Alekseevna (r. 1908), the Russian film actress, the national actress of the USSR (1950). It was taken out in films: " the Affluent bride ", "Tractor operators", " the Hog woman and the shepherd ", " the Kuban cossacks ", etc. The State premium of the USSR (1941, 1942, 1946, 1948, 1951).
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