Wednesday, May 9, 2007

  • LAURELS Peter Alekseevich (1856-1929), the Russian philologist - Slavist, academician AN the USSR (1925; the academician of the Russian Academy of Science with 1923). Transactionses on an early history of slavonic writing, a history of slavonic literatures, slavonic linguistics.
  • LAURELS Peter Lavrovich (1823-1900), the Russian philosopher, the sociologist and the publicist, one of ideologists of revolutionary populism. The participant of liberation movement of 1860th. In 1868-69 has published " Historical letters ", using major popularity among revolutionary youth. With 1870 in emigration. In 1873-76 editor of the log-book " Forwards! ", in 1883-86 "Bulletins" of National will ". The adherent of a subjective method in sociology.
  • LAURELS Svjatoslav Sergeevich (r. 1923), the Russian scientist, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; corresponding member AN the USSR with 1966). Transactionses on mechanics, automatic control, calculus mathematics. The lenin premium (1957).
  • LAURELS Jury Sergeevich (1905-80), the Russian actor, the national actor of the USSR (1960). On the scene with 1919. With 1938 at the Kiev Russian theatre him. Lesi Ukrainki. Acted in film.
  • COMMON LAURELCHERRY, stem of evergreen trees and bushes of a set. A rose family. Ok. 25 kinds. Cultivate as fruit and an ornamental plant in countries of Eurasia and America. A honey plant.
  • LAVROVSKAJA Elizabeth Andreevna (1845-1919), the Russian singer (contralto). In 1868-80 (with a rest) solistka Mariinsky theatre. P.I.Chajkovskomu thought of spelling opera on a scene of the novel "Eugeny Onegin" has suggested. The professor of the Moscow conservatory (with 1888).
  • LAVROVSKY Konstantin Petrovich (1898-1972), Russian chemists - organics, corresponding member AN the USSR (1953). The main transactionses on chemistry of petroleum and technology of its thorough revision.
  • LAVROVSKY Leonid Mihajlovich (an ice-film. fam. Ivanov) (1905-67), the Russian ballet master, the national actor of the USSR (1965). With 1922 actor, in 1938-44 artistic administrator of ballet troupe of the Leningrad theatre of opera and ballet by him. Kirov, in 1944-64 main ballet master of Major theatre. Among productions: " Romeo and Dzhuljetta " S.S.Prokofjeva (1940), "Paganini" on S.V.Rakhmaninov (1960) music, " Night city " B.Bartoka (1961). The professor of GITIS (with 1952). The state premium of the USSR (1946, 1947, 1950).
  • LAVROVSKY Michael Leonidovich (r. 1941), the Russian ballet dancer, the national actor of the USSR (1976). Son L.M.Lavrovskogo. In 1961-88 at Major theatre. Consignments: Spartak ("Spartak" A.I.Hachaturjana), Albert ("ZHizel" A.Adana), Victor ("Angara" A.J.Eshpaja), etc. The Lenin premium (1970), the State premium of the USSR (1977).
  • LAUREL FAMILY, set of dycotyledonous plants. Trees and bushes, it is rare - spurious grasses. Ok. 2500 kinds (35-40 stems), predominary in tropics. The laurel, a cinnamon, a camphor tree, an alligator pear concern to a laurel family, etc.
  • LAURELS, branches bay tree, a wreath from them as a numeral of victory, glory; napr., to climax laurels (from the custom existing for ancient Greeks and rimljan). To die on laurels (figuratively) - to comfort on reached.
  • LAVSAN, trade name of poly(ethylene terephthalate) and polyester fiber.
  • HENNA (henna), stem of bushes or small trees of a set of a loosestrife family. 1 kind, in tropics (from Vost. Africa up to India). Cultivate as the decorative and a dyestuff plant (from leaves receive a henna).
  • LAVOISIER (Lavoisier) Antoine Loran (1743-94), the French chemist, one of founders of the modern chemistry. Regularly applied in analyses the quantitative methods. Has straightened out a role of oxygen during burning, oxidation and respirations (1772-77), than has refuted the theory flogistona. One of osnovatelej thermochemistry. Supervised over development of the new chemical nomeuclature (1786-87). The writer of a classical course " the Initial tutorial of chemistry " (1789). In 1768-91 general otkupshchik; during the French revolution on court of the revolutionary tribunal among other otkupshchikov giljotinirovan.
  • The LAG (from niderl. log), 1) the device for definition of speed of a vessel and projdennogo him of distance. Distinguish mechanic (a whirly bladed, towed on a cable) and hydraulic (measure originating at course of a vessel dynamic head of water). 2) the lag hydroacoustic - a sonar for definition of speed of a vessel concerning a seabed (absolute speed) and an angle of drift of a vessel.
  • The LAG (from English lag - delay) (temporary the lag), a parameter reflecting backlog or an advance in time of one the phenomena as contrasted to other (napr., in economy time from the moment of investment of capital before obtaining kickback).
  • LAGARP (La Harpe) Frederik Sezar de (1754-1838), the Swiss political figure, the adherent of ideas of Enlightenment. In 1784-95 tutor of the future Russian emperor Alexander I. In 1798-1800 member of the Directory of republic Gelveticheskoj.
  • LAGASH, the ancient state in Sumer (in terrain of the modern Iraq) with like capital (the modern Ale - Hiba). The first settlements in kon. 5-th thousand up to n. e., bloom in 26-24 centuries and in 22 century (at Gudea). Since 21 century up to n. e. Has lost value. Archeological excavations with 1877.
  • AC - GVARDIA (La Guardia) Fiorello a Henry (1882-1947), the American statesman, the Congressman (1917, 1919, 1923-33), mayor of New York (1933-1945). One of airports of New York has his name.
  • GOURD, the same, that a bottle gourd.
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