Friday, May 11, 2007

  • LHASA, city in China, in a valley r. Dzhichu (Lhasa) (basin of Brahmaputra), on the Tibetan mountains (at the altitude over 3,6 thousand ì), an administrative centre of the Tibetan independent area. 90 thousand inhabitants. It is based in 7 century by the Tibetan tsar Srontszangambo. The religious centre of a Lamaism, palace - monastery Potala (a former residence dalajlamy; it is known from 7 century, the modern appearance goes back to 16-17 centuries), numerous palaces and the monasteries decorated with a thread, polychromatic paintings, a wooden, stone and golden sculpture.
  • LHOTSZE, a mauntain in B.Gimalajah. An altitude of 8545 m (under other data, 8501 ì). Icehouses.
  • LCHASHEN, a complex of archeologic monuments (from 3-rd thousand up to n. e. Till a Middle Ages) on coast an eskar. Sevan, for a seconds. Lchashen in Armenia; tsiklopicheskaja strength, settlements, kurgannye and ground burials. A large part of monuments of epoch of bronze.
  • SKIS, distinguish: slipping (polozoobraznaja the form and declinate up a nose) - sporting, tourist, hunting, special (napr., aircraft), water, etc.; stepping (the wooden rim with a grid from a nonrigid vine or belts). Skis have appeared for boreal nations in epoch of a neolith.
  • SKIING, actuates races on different distances, jumps from a springboard, a snatch (race and jumps), mountain skiing. Has engendered in Norway in 18 century In International federation - FIS (FIS; it is based in 1924) ok. 60 countries (1991). With 1924 in the program of winter Olympic Games, world championships with 1925 (officially with 1937).
  • The BAST, internal (bast) part of a bark of pullet broadleaved trees, is more often than a linden. From a bast plash baskets and other items, earlier - lapti.
  • LYNKOV Mihas (Michael Tihonovich) (1899-1975), the Byelorussian writer, the national writer of Belarus (1962), academician AN of Belarus (1953). Collections of stories; a novel - epopee " Indelible days " (hours 1-4, 1948-58) - about guerilla motion in Belarus.
  • LYSENKO Anatoly Grigorjevich (r. 1937), the Russian TV reporter, the general director All-Russia the state television and broadcasting company (with 1990). With 1968 on the Central Television. The writer of scripts of television documentaries (" our biography ", 1977, etc.). The state premium of the USSR (1978).
  • LYSENKO Nikolay Vitaljevich (1842-1912), the Ukrainian composer, the specialist in folklore. The founder national kompozitorskoj schools. The creator of some choral collectives, musical - drama school. Operas " Natalka Poltavka " (1889), "Taras Bulba" (1890), "Eneida" (1910), a vocal cycle " Music to "Kobzarju" T.G.Shevchenko " (7 series, 1868-1901), etc.
  • LYSENKO Trofim Denisovich (1898-1976), the Russian agriculturist, academician AN of Ukraine (1934), AN the USSR (1939), the academician (1935) and the president (1938-56 and 1961-62) VASHNIL, the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1945); the creator of pseudoscientific "Michurinism" in biology. Negating classical genetics (t. n. The mendelism - morganizm) as "idealistic" and bourgeois, asserted a capability of succession of acquired characters, "degeneration" of one kind in other, etc. Numerous practical recommendations Lysenko for an agriculture (ultraspeed breeding of new grades, etc.) Were untenable and have caused major economic damage. Since 30th on 1964 (especially after session VASHNIL 1948) activity Lysenko was sustained by I.V.Stalinym and then N.S.Hrushchevym, and his "marxist" doctrine and practical recommendations as directed on a revolutionary remaking of nature and promising the fast solution of food problems, were introduced administrative. As a result of monopolism Lysenko and his adherents (t. n. lysenkovshchina) have been routed scientific schools in genetics, oshelmovany honest scientists, degraded biological and the agrcultural education, was braked development of biology and an agriculture. The state premium of the USSR (1941, 1943, 1949).
  • LYSENKOVA Sofia Nikolaevna (r. 1924), the Russian teacher, the national teacher of the USSR (1990), with 1974 teacher of initial classes of high school N 587 (Moscow). Has developed a fundamentals of a technique of " perspective education " learning initial classes.
  • LYSKOVO, city (with 1922) in the Russian Federation, the Nizhniy Novgorod region, on the right to coast of Volga (CHeboksarskoe vdhr.)., in 65 kms from zh.-d. An item. Sergach. 25,2 thousand inhabitants (1992). Electrotechnical factory; a food-processing industry. On the left-handed coast of Volga - band Makarjevskogo ZHeltovodskogo of a monastery (18 century).
  • COOT, bird of a set of a ralline family. Length ok. 40 see. On a forehead a white naked plaque (from here the title). In Eurasia, the Sowing. To Africa and Australia. Object of a craft (meat).
  • BALD BADGER, the same, that a ratel.
  • LYSVA, city (with 1926) in the Russian Federation, the Perm region, on r. Lysva. A depot. 78,2 thousand inhabitants (1992). Metallurgical, turbo-generator factories, trikotazhnajaja factory. Theatre. It is based in 1785.
  • LYTKARINO, city (with 1957) in the Russian Federation, the Moscow region, on r. Moscow, in 12 kms from zh.-d. An item. Lyubertsy. 51,7 thousand inhabitants (1992). Factory of an optical glass, a shoe factory.
  • LYTKIN (psevd. Illja Vas) Vasily Ivanovich (1895-81), Komi the poet, the linguist, the Doctor of Philology. Poems, including about the Civil war - "go" (1927); fairy tales, lyrical verses. Activities on a history of the Perm tongues.
  • LYTKIN George Stepanovich (1835-1907), Komi jazykoved. The main transactionses. " Zyrjansky an edge at diocesans Perm and zyrjansky tongue " (1889).
  • LYHAVERE, the clasp estov 13 century northward from. Viljandi. Residues of shore fortifications, inhabited constructions, etc.
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