Thursday, May 10, 2007

  • LINIMENTUMS, the medicinal form - fluid ointments.
  • LINE, in genetics - affine organisms multiplied by a sexual way which descend, as a rule, from one ancestor or one pair of common ancestors and replicate in a lineage same genetically resistant attributes. A line - the basis for obtaining high-yield hybrids in a plant growing and animal husbandry.
  • LINE (from an armour. linea), the general part of two adjacent ranges of a surface. The driving point describes some line at the motion. In an analytical geometry on a plane of a line express equations between coordinates of their points. In rectangular coordinate system of a line are disjointed depending on a kind of equations. If the equation of a line looks like F (x, y)? 0, where F (x, y) - a polynomial n-® degrees be relative x, y the line calls as an algebraic curve n-ãî the order. The line of 1-st order is direct. A conic section fall into to lines of 2-nd order. Examples of nonalgebraic lines - schedules of trigonometrical ratioses, logistic functions, exponential functions.
  • LINE, 1) a unit of length in system of the English measures, 1 line? 1/12 inches? 0,21167 see 2) In Russia - a linear measure, 1 line? To 10 points? 2,54 mm.
  • INFLUENCE LINE (influent), in structural mechanics - a graph of any value (gain, a sag, etc.) in the given section of a configuration item from a rule of the single force of a permanent direction enclosed in it. Influence lines are applied to establishment of the most advantageous arrangement of a load.
  • DELAY LINE, cutting of a coaxial cable, the waveguide, etc. or the synthetic electric circuit, intended for a time delay of signals (electrical, electromagnetic, acoustical) in instrumentation of a color television, oscillographs, memory devices of a computer, etc. Hold time is routine 10-7 - 10-2ñ.
  • TRANSMISSION LINE (feeder) (wireless), a current line intended for drive of oscillations of high frequency. Are most distributed symmetrical two and the multwire, asymmetrical single-wire (2-nd explorer - ground), coaxial lines of drive and waveguides. The main application - connection of the antenna with the transmitter or the receiver.
  • CALENDAR LINE, conditional line on a surface of the terrestrial globe, differentiating the places having in the same instant calendar dates, varying for one day; passes in the greater part on 180-ìó to a line of longitude. In the places located directly on both parties from a calendar line, hours and minutes coincide, and calendar dates vary for one day.
  • COMMUNICATION LINK, antenna-feeder devices and the physical environment, ensuring in aggregate drive of radio signals; a constituent part of a radio communications channel. Radio-relay and satellite communication links are most distributed.
  • The COMMUNICATION LINE, set of engineering devices and the physical environment, ensuring drive and distribution of signals from the transmitter to the receiver. A constituent part of the channel of electric communication. In systems of a multichannel communication consolidates and belongs simultaneously to many channels. On a physical nature of transmitted signals distinguish electrical (wiring and a wireless), acoustic and optical communication lines.
  • The STREAMLINE, the line conducted in a fluid flow or gas so, that tangent to her in any point coincides a direction of velocity vector at present time.
  • NODAL LINE, direct, bridging nodes of the orbit of a heavenly body; on this direct orbital planes and ecliptics (or equator if there is a satellite) are traverseed.
  • POWER LINE (LEP), structure from wires (cables) and auxiliaries for a transmission of electrical energy from power stations to consumers. Napr.: a power line alternating-current on pressure 1150 kV (Ekibastuz - Kokchetav - Kustanai), 750 kV (Moscow - Saint Petersburg, Donbass - Lvov), LEP direct-current on pressure 800 kV (the Volga river plant - Donbass), etc.
  • LINKEJ, in the Grecian mythology son Afareja, brother Idasa (Afareidy). Brothers participat in Kalidonskoj a hunt and a marching of argonauts. Linkej differed it is unusual the acute sight, allowed to inpour to his look through ground and stones. Has perished together with the brother in battle with Dioskurami, stolen his bride Gilaejru.
  • LINCOLN (Lincoln), city in a central part the USA, an administrative centre pieces. Nebraska. 192 thousand inhabitants (1990). Radio electronics, a general machine industry, alimentary, a printing industry. 2 universities.
  • LINCOLN (Lincoln) Abraham (1809-65), 16-th president the USA (1861-65), one of organizers of the Republican consignment (1854) appearing against servitude. During untied by planters of the South of the Civil war in the USA 1861-65 government of Lincoln has conducted a number of democratic transformations, has in particular passed laws about gomstedah (see. The Gomsted-certificate), about cancellation of servitude, has supplied rout of a troops juzhan. Soon after election by the president on 2-nd time it is killed juzhaninom.
  • LINCOLN (Lincoln) Abraham (on February, 12 1809, bliz Hodzhenvilla, Kentucky - on April, 15 1865, Washington), 16-th president the USA (1861-65). Selection ways Was born in poor family of the farmer. In connection with crowded grade crossings visited school with rests, but regularly was engaged in self-education, having become inveterate knigocheem. With early the flying helped family on an economy, worked on hiring. About 1831 Lincoln (Illinois) where worked the clerk in shop, was justified by a bound setter in Nju-Salem, then has entered a home guard which was standing up to to Indians, but in breakages did not participate. In 1833-36 was an aboriginal postmaster, studied the right and with 1836 has been allowed to legal practice. A becoming policy To 1834-42 Lincoln it was four times elected in legislative assembly of Illinois from a consignment vigov. In 1837 Springfield has moved to capital of staff. In 1842 married Mary Todd. In 1847-49 he represented Illinois in the lower chamber of a congress the USA, opposed wars with Mexico and rabotorgovli. In consequent years was engaged in legal practice, has become one of master lawyers of staff, Illinois Central " was the adviser of the railway ". In 1756 has adjoined just(now) built Republican consignment. During elections 1858 overall attention was involved with debate between Lincoln and his rival in extirpation for a place in a senate the USA S.A.Duglasom. Victory has got to Douglas, but speech of Lincoln " the Dwelling disjointed " which motif was impossibility of the further existence of country in a condition " polurabstva and polusvobody ", has become in due course axiomatic, and he - a figure of a national scale. On a post prezidentaNa presidential elections 1860 Lincoln has managed to conquer three opponents, having received overwhelming majority of voices of an electoral college. His stay in the White dwelling with March, 4 1861 on April, 15 1865 has coincided with the most tragical season in a history the USA - the Civil war in the USA. Slaveholding staffs answered election of Lincoln setsessiej - secession of Soyuz and professing in February of 1861 Confederal Staffs of America. " We should not be enemies ", - has proclaimed Lincoln at the introduction into the position, but armed performance juzhan has induced it to take the answer-back measures. Lincoln considered servitude as evil, imminent in economic conditions existing in the south of country. The problem on servitude he fall intoed competences of staffs and supposed, that the government has no constitutional law to interfere with this problem. At the same time he rigidly opposed distributions of servitude on new terrains that undermined a fundamentals rabovladenija wherefore his extensive character it is inevitable demanded progression on undeveloped lands of the West. The important achievement of administration of Lincoln acceptance in May 1862 gomsted-certificates, each citizen of country providing vesting a plot of land in 160 acres (64 ga) has become. The law put the strongest impact on rabovladeniju and led to the radical solution of an agrarian problem - to development of an agriculture on farmer ways. Discharging of slaves In accordance with a development of events moderate enough, compromise item of Lincoln on a problem rabovladenija varied. The main purpose of administration - restoration of Soyuz - has appeared unattainable without destruction of servitude in scales of all country. To realization of this reality Lincoln has come farly from being at once. Especially civil person, subjected to pressure from different directions, criticism for military defeats and economic difficulties, the president in the necessary moment undertook decisive steps for depressing rebelion, not being intercepted even before limitations of a civil freedom or consumption of the means which has been not affirmed still by a congress. Lincoln supported gradual discharging slaves on the compensatory basis, but there has come time when he has understood, that " the servitude should die, that the nation could live ". On September, 22 1862 he has declared about a volume, that since January, 1 of the future year all slaves " henceforth and for ever will be loose ", and on December, 30 has signed " the Leaflet about discharging ". 1863 year has brought armies of Soyuz of victory at Gettysburg and Viksberge. Acting on November, 19 1863 on discovering of a military cemetery in Gettysburg, Lincoln has declared, that soldiers reposing here have returned life that country has found " a new birth of freedom ", and " this government of people, from people, for people never will vanish from off the face of the Earth ". This brief, all from 10 phrases, speech has become the genuine manifest of the American democracy, and Lincoln has consolidated the glory of the brilliant speaker. Re-election and assassination At elections 1864, despite of declaimings of some politicians and natural doubts, Lincoln has conquered the rival from Democratic party of general Dzh. B.Makklellana. Lincoln considered, that discharging of slaves should be made fast legally. Under his insisting the congress on January, 31 1865 has accepted XIII-¯ the a correction to of the constitution which were prohibiting servitude in terrain USA and coming into effect after ratification by its staffs in December of the same year. In the beginning 1865 fast victory of northerners any more did not invoke doubts. On the agenda there were problems of Renovation - restoration of 11 separated staffs as full subjects of federation. Lincoln in December 1863 promised amnesty to all rebels, except for their direct chiefs, under condition of taking oath on an accuracy the USA and confessions of cancellation of servitude. setsessii austral staffs he considered certificates legally invalid and has been convinced, that their cancellation automatically means restoration of these staffs in structure of Soyuz. The president supported the prompt making peace and has personally departed on February, 3 on a meeting with leaders of the Confederated states, broken because of a nonconstructive item juzhan. In the second inaugural speech Lincoln invoked to refuse revenging. " Not nourishing to anybody of the rage, the determined mercies, solid in true " Americans should " tie up to country of its wound... To do the utmost, to conquer and save the fair and long-lived world in the dwelling and with all nations of the world ". The president did not manage to realize the premeditations. On April, 14 1865, in good Friday at performance at theatre Forda in Washington the fanatical adherent juzhan actor Dzh. U.But has penetrated into a presidential box and has shot to Lincoln in a head. In the morning of following day, not coming in consciousness, the president has deceased. Millions Americans, white and black, came to pay the last honours to the president during lasting two a week of traveling of a mourning train from Washington to Springfield where Lincoln has been buried on cemetery Ouk-Ridzh. The tragical mors of Lincoln in many respects promoted building around of his name of a halation of the martyr who has perished for discharging of slaves. Memory of Lincoln is perpetuated in a memorial discovered in the American capital in 1922. Inside it belomramornogo structures sculptor D.C.French has placed a six-meter statue of the president - deliverer sitting in thoughtfulness. On internal walls of a memorial under allegorical paintings texts gettisbergskoj and by the second inaugural speeches of Lincoln are played back.
  • BATTLESHIP, see. A capital ship.
  • GESSOES (from an armour. linum - a flux, a cloth and crusta - a bark, an encasing), a roll material for processing - a paper or a tissue coated with a flake (0,5-1 mm) the plastics materials, received on the basis of alkyd resins. It is applied to an interior finish of public buildings and transports.
  • LINKUVA (Linkuva) (up to 1917 official title Lipkovo), city (with 1950) in Lithuania. A depot. 2,1 thousand inhabitants (1990). A food-processing industry. It is known from 16 century. Architectonic monuments. 16-18 centuries.
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