Wednesday, June 6, 2007

  • BRITTEN (Britten) Benjamin (1913-76), the English composer, the pianist, the conductor. Has revived the English musical theatre. Combined national musical traditions of 16-17 centuries (especially G.Persella) with the modern musical means. Operas " Peters Grajms " (1945), "Albert Herring" (1947), " Dream in summer night " (1960), chamber operas, including " Turning movement of the screw " (1954); vokalno-symphonic compositions " the Ballad about heroes ", " the Military requiem mass " (1961), " the Cantata of mercy " (1963), etc.
  • BRITTY, the Celtic nations, the main{basic} population of Britain in 8 century up to n. e. - 5 century n. e. Stayed during Anglo-Saxon seizure (5-6 centuries) the part brittov has constituted one of elements of the English nationality{national character}.
  • BRIEFING (English briefing, from brief - brief), meeting of authorities with representatives of mass media on which the official position on a fixed problem or agreed by the parties participating in international negotiations, meetings, conferences briefly is stated, the information on their course, views of the parties, etc.
  • BRIHASPATI, in vedicheskoj religions and brahmanizme the sacrificer and the trainer of gods, the lord of a pray, the promoter of a house.
  • BRITSKE Edgard Viktorovich (1877-1953), the Russian chemist, the academician, AN the USSR (1932) and VASHNIL (1935). Probes on chemistry and technologies of mineral raw materials, a physical chemistry of metallurgical processes. One of organizers of Scientific institute on fertilizers (1919). The premium him{it}. V.I.Lenina (1929), the State premium of the USSR (1942).
  • BRITSKA (polsk. bryczka), a mild road carriage predominary without carriage springs, sometimes with the open top part.
  • BRNO (Brno), city in Czechia, an administrative centre of Southern - moravian range of 388 thousand inhabitants (1990). A machine industry, textile, chemical, polygraphic, a food-processing industry. International industrial exhibitions. Branch Czech AN. University. Academy of the musical arts. A moravian museum, Moravian passageway. As the clasp is mentioned in 11 century. With kon. 11 century the centre of specific reignings Przhemyslovichej, with kon. 12 century a residence moravian markgrafa, about 1243 royal loose city. In 1526-1918 under authority Gabsburgov. Clasp Shpilberk (13-18 centuries). Gothic churches (over. Peter, over. JAkuba). Aged (14-16 centuries) and New (16-18 centuries) town halls.
  • BROVARY, city (with 1956) on Ukraine, the Kiev region. A depot. 84,8 thousand inhabitants (1991). Factories: a powder metallurgy, lighting engineering, refrigerators, plastics materials, etc.; wood-working combine. It is known with 1628.
  • EDGE Petrus (Peter Ustinovich) (1905-80), the Byelorussian writer, the national poet of Belarus (1962), academician AN of Belarus (1966), the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1972). Lyrical verses (the collection " And days go... ", 1961, the Lenin premium, 1962; " the Duma about immortality ", 1973), poems, the novel " When drain the rivers " (1957). State premiums of the USSR (1947, 1951).
  • FORD Ignatius Osipovich (1902-62), the Russian geologist - oilman, the doctor of geologic sciences (1945). Transactionses in range of geology of petroleum and gas. Has discovered a number{series} of oil deposits, including the first petroleum in the Volgograd region. The state premium of the USSR (1949).
  • FORD (Brod) Maks (1884-1968), the Austrian prose writer. The representative t. n. " The Prague school ". The friend and literary legal representative F.Kafki, the writer of his{its} biography (1937, the supplemented issuing 1954). Novels " Arnold Beer. A history of one Jew " (1912), " the Path{Route} Quietly to the Home-made beer to the God " (1916), " France, or Second-rate love " (1922), "Master" (1952), " Poor TSitseron " (1955). Short stories, an essay about destiny evrejstva.
  • BRODATY Lion Grigorjevich (1889-1954), the Russian schedule{chart}, the honored worker of arts of Russia (1945). Ostrosatiricheskie drawings on international themes. With 1918 employee of the newspaper "Truth", with 1932 - the log-book "Crocodile".
  • BROADWAY (Broadway), street in New York, the trunk main (length over 25 kms) about. Manhattan, crossing on a diagonal of it{him} rectangularly sequenced site development. Besides banks and other kommerchesko-financial institutions, on the Broadway - flock of trade, pleasure and entertainment establishments (including the majority of theatres of New York), that has made his{its} numeral of show business.
  • BRODELE (Brodele) Anna (1910-81), the Latvian writer. Novels " Blood of heart " (1955), "Accuracy" (1960); " Quiet small town " (1967); dilogija: stories " the Blue sparrow " (1965), " This my time " (1969); plays.
  • BRODEL (Braudel) Fernan (1902-85), the French historian. Transactionses predominary on economic history Zap. Europe 16-18 centuries.
  • BRODMAN (Brodmann) Korbinian (1868-1918), the german neurologist, one of osnovatelej doctrines about tsitoarhitektonike (value, the form and an arrangement of cells of a cerebral cortex). Has created maps (are published in 1909) arrangements tsitoarhitektonicheskih fields of major hemispheres of a brain of the person.
  • BRODNIKI, the population of a shore of the Azov m. and the lower Don in 12-13 centuries, probably slavonic. Participat in civil strifes of Russian princes, russko-polovetskih and the russko-tatar battles.
  • BRODSKAJA Lydia Isaakovna (1910-91), the Russian painter, the national artist of the USSR (1980), corresponding member AH the USSR (1970). Daughter I.I.Brodsky. Legible under the form, affluent component parts landscapes ("Spring", 1961-67).
  • BRODSKY, the Russian businessmen, saharozavodchiki. Have begun beet sugar manufacture in 40th of 19 century. Organizers of 1-st sugar syndicate (1887).
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