Monday, June 18, 2007

  • The MILITARIAN, in the Russian Federation the citizen consisting in store of Armed forces, and also the citizens of pre-conscription and draft ages consisting on the military count.
  • MILITARY - OSSETIC ROAD, the historical title of road Kutaisi - an item. Dargkoh. 275 kms. Passes through Main Caucasian hr. (Mamisonsky a saddle-point). It is constructed in 1897. Will consist of 2 highways: Vladikavkaz - Alagir - Mamisonsky a saddle-point (Russian Federation) and Mamisonsky a saddle-point - Kutaisi - Tkibuli - they (Georgia). Tourism.
  • VOENNOPLENNYE, in the international law - faces, inherings to armed forces of a belligerent party, including teams of volunteers the guerrilla, participants of movement of Resistance and other kombatantov, appeared in an authority of the opponent. Voennoplennymi some non-combatants (military correspondents, members of crews of a merchant marine fleet, a civil aviation, etc.) are considered also. The mode of a military film is adjusted{regulated} by Regulations about laws and customs of the land warfare (the appendix to 4-th Hague convention 1907) and the Geneva convention 1949 about the circulation with voennoplennymi.
  • MILITARY - APPLIED KINDS{VIEWS} of SPORT, the collective title of sporting exercises, their combinations taken from separate kinds{views} of sport (track and field, float, ski, etc.) and having military - applied value.
  • MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMMITTEES, the organizations of the Russian businessmen built in 1915 with the purpose of mobilization of an industry for military needs. Promoted formation of a state-monopoly capitalism.
  • MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX (VPK), notation (belongs to D.Eisenhower) usual in a number{series} of countries (the USA, the USSR, etc.) during 2-nd world war and strengthened contactsome in the season{term} of " cool war " alliance of a war industry, army and the bound with them of a part of state machinery and science. Scales VPK and a measure of his{its} influence on external and vnutrenjuju policy - expression of militarization of fixed country.
  • The SERVICEMAN, the citizen consisting on true military service.
  • The MILITARY - SUKHUMI ROAD, the historical title of a mountain plot of a highway Stavropol - Sukhumi, crossing Main Caucasian hr. (Kluhorsky a saddle-point): Cherkessk - Teberda - Madzharka (on the Black Sea highway), 349 kms. It is constructed in 1894. Porches to Pyatigorsk (91 kms), Dombajskoj to a glade (7 kms). Tourism.
  • MILITARY - TECHNICAL KINDS{VIEWS} of SPORT, the collective title of kinds{views} of the sport combining obshchefizicheskuju and technical training of sportsmen and having military - applied value. To military - technical kinds{views} of sport attribute kinds{views} of airsport, avto-, moto-, radiosport, rifle, vodno-motor, submerged, etc.
  • MILITARY-TRANSPORT AVIATION, kind{view} of the naval aviation included in air force. It is intended for a transportation of air landings, a troops, delivery of arms and other material supplies, an evacuation injured and ill.
  • MILITARY GRAMMAR SCHOOLS, the general educational closed mean educational institutions for children of the propertied classes in Russia. Are built in 1863 on the basis military schools (6 classes, with 1873 - 7). The general educational program is close to a course of substantial schools. In 1880 was ok. 30 military grammar schools and programmar schools. In 1882 cadet bodies are again converted to.
  • MILITARY MONEY, the impregnated-paper money produced as a mandatory medium of circulation and payment by military authorities of the state (coalition of the states) for terrains of occupied country.
  • " MILITARY FRIENDS ", a secret revolutionary society in the Lithuanian separate body in 1825. It is connected to decembrists and the Polish patriotic society. Chiefs - K.G.Igelstrom, M.I.Rukevich, A.I.Vegelin. In December 1825 attempted to thwart the oath to Nikolay I. In 1827 military court in Bialystok 13 person has sentenced to the execution substituted by different times of penal servitude.
  • MILITARY COMMISSIONERS, 1) representatives of Communist Party and the Soviet authority to parts (on the ships{spacecrafts}), establishments, connections of Armed forces in the season{term} (with rests) 1918-42.2) Chiefs of organs of aboriginal military steering in the Russian Federation.
  • MILITARY SETTLEMENTS, special organization of a troops in Russian empire in 1810-57 with the purpose of reduction of military charges. Aligned a military service with occupation by an agriculture. Are entered on state grounds Petersburg, Novgorod, Mogilyov, Kherson and other provinces. With 1817 main chief A.A.Arakcheev. Mushtra, the severe mode, severe regulation of life invoked{produced} revolts: CHuguevskoe 1819, Novgorod 1831, etc.
  • WAR CRIMINALS, organizers, prompters, chiefs, initiators and accessories of war crimes, crimes against peace and humanity. Kinds{views} and structures of these crimes and punitive measures are determined in charters of International military tribunals. The personal criminal liability of war criminals is established{set} by a number{series} of international treaties and agreements, and for some kinds{views} of war crimes - the national criminal legislation. To war criminals any periods of limitation are not applied, he{it} does not grant the right of asylum. War criminals are subject to issue.
  • MILITARY REFORMS 1810-12, were conducted in the Russian army under a guiding of military minister for general M.B.Barclay - de-Tolli in connection with preparation to laying ahead war with napoleonic France. The main{basic} content: increase of a strength of the army; introduction of body organization; reorganization of the Military ministry; drawing up " Establishments for steering of the Major field army " 1812 (1 regulations about field steering of a troops); education of army headquarters.
  • MILITARY REFORMS 1860-70-Õ in Russia, were conducted under a guiding of military minister D.A.Milyutin. The main{basic} content: changing rekrutskoj duties vsesoslovnoj compulsory service (1874) and building of mass army; arms of army new rifled weapons; building of military districts; improvement of combat training of a troops (new charters) and preparation of officers (military grammar schools, military and junkerskie schools).
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