Wednesday, May 9, 2007

  • ASHENBRENNER Michael Juljevich (1842-1926), the member of military organization of National will, the lieutenant colonel. The organizer of some officer revolutionary circles. On " to process 14-òè " (1884) it is sentenced to transportation for life. Up to 1904 in SHlisselburgskoj strengths. The book " Military organization of National will and other memories " (1924).
  • "ASHETT" (Hachette), " Libreri Ashett " (Là Librairie Hachette), the French joint-stock company under the issuing and distribution{propagation} of books and periodicals, Paris. It is based in 1919 (on the basis firms " Àøåòò ", it is based in 1826).
  • ASHIK-PASHA (Asik Pasa) (1271-1332), the turkish poet - sufy (see. Sufizm). A Misticheski-didactic poem " the Book of the stranger - wanderer " (1330).
  • ASHIMOV Asanali (r. 1937), the Kazakh actor, the national actor of the USSR (1980). With 1964 at the Kazakh theatre him{it}. Auezova (with 1987 director and the artistic administrator). Acted in film. The state premium of the USSR (1974).
  • ASHIROV Charms (r. 1910), the Turkmen writer, national writer Turkmenii (1970). Lyrical verses and poems; the story in verses " the End of a bloody watershed " (1948) - about social processes in a Turkmen village. Roman the "Pathfinder" (1970) dedicated the Soviet frontier guards, etc.
  • ASHKENAZI Vladimir Davidovich (r. 1937), the pianist, the conductor. Up to 1963 cable cores in the USSR. With 1987 heads the Royal philharmonic orchestra in the London. 1-n the premium at International competitions by him{it}. Queens of Elizabeth (Brussels, 1956) and to them{him;it}. P.I.Chajkovskogo (Moscow, 1962).
  • ASHKENAZY, an ethnic group of Jews, descendants of natives of medieval Germany. Compound{make} a large part of Jews of Europe and America, about half of Jews of Israel. Tongue - a yiddish.
  • ASHKERTS Anton (1856-1912), the Slovene poet. In collections " Ballads and romances " (1890), " Lyrical and epicheskie poems " (1896) has acted against a social and spiritual press; has entered into poetry a mode{an image} of the worker. Has emited the anthology of Russian poetry.
  • ASHMARIN Nikolay Ivanovich (1870-1933), Chuvash jazykoved, corresponding member AN the USSR (1929). Probes on the Chuvash tongue and folklore. The main{basic} transactionses " the Dictionary of the Chuvash tongue " (century 1-17, 1928-58).
  • ASHNAN, see. Lahar and Ashnan.
  • ASHOKA, governor Magadhi from dynasty Maurjev in 268-232 up to n. e. The state Ashoka enveloped terrain almost all India and a part of the modern Afghanistan. Patronized the Buddhism. Decrees Ashoki (" Inscriptions Ashoka) - the important historical source of epoch Maurjev.
  • ASHOT I BAGRATUNI, the Armenian tsar (886-891), the founder of dynasty Bagratidov; in extirpation with Arabian halifatom and Byzantium has achieved independence and association of Armenia.
  • ASHOT II IRON, Armenian tsar (914-928); has divided in 921 Arabian army for an eskar. Sevan, has defended independence of Armenia.
  • ASHOT III GRACIOUS, Armenian tsar (953-977), pursued{adopted} a policy a centralization, has created a standing army. Has transferred capital of Armenia from Kars in Ani (961).
  • ASHOFF (Aschoff) Ludwig (1866-1942), the german pathologist. Transactionses on structural botany and a pathogeny of different diseases. Has developed the doctrine about natural conductive system of heart, has described a specific rheumatic granuloma.
  • ASHRAM, the season{term} of life old indian an aria ("dvazhdyrozhdennogo"). Division of life into four ashramy (the pupil, domohozjain, a wood hermit, the nomadic ascetic) has been consecrated by religion.
  • ASHRAFI Muhtar Ashrafovich (1912-75), the Uzbek composer and the conductor, the national actor of the USSR (1951). With 1930 artistic administrator and the main conductor of the Uzbek theatre of opera and ballet. Opera " Äèëîðîì " (1958), ballet " the Amulet of love " (1969), etc. The Professor of the Tashkent conservatory (with 1953). The state premium of the USSR (1943, 1952).
  • ASHTARHANIDY, see. Dzhanidy.
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