Friday, May 25, 2007

  • BALMER (Balmer) Iogann JAkob (1825-98), Swiss physics and mathematician. The writer of fundamental activities on atomic spectrum analysis. Has placed{installed} (1885), that lengths of waves of a visible portion of the spectrum of atom of hydrogen are connected among themselves by simple relation (formula Balmera), permitting to define{determine} lengths of waves of all lines of spectral series of hydrogen (series Balmera).
  • BALMER (Balmer) Iogann JAkob (1825-98), Swiss physics and mathematician. The writer of fundamental activities on atomic spectrum analysis. Has placed{installed} (1885), that lengths of waves of a visible portion of the spectrum of atom of hydrogen are connected among themselves by simple relation (formula Balmera), permitting to define{determine} lengths of waves of all lines of spectral series of hydrogen (series Balmera).
  • BALMONT Konstantin Dmitrievich (1867-1942), the Russian poet - symbolist. In verses - a cult "ƒ", the game of fugacities, opposition "Iron Age" pervozdanno the integrated "solar" beginning; musicality (collections " Burning buildings ", 1900, " we Shall be as the sun ", 1903). Transfers{translations}, articles on problems of art. In 1920 has emigrated.
  • BALNEOLOGY (from an armour. balneum - a bath, bathing and... logija), section kurortologii, investigator mineral waters and their treatment-and-prophylactic application.
  • BALNEOTERAPIJA (from an armour. balneum - a bath, bathing and therapy), treatment natural or artificially prepared mineral waters.
  • BALL DANCE (household, salonnyj), is executed on dancing evenings (dancing parties). National headstreams, singleness of performance{fulfillment} promoted his{its} distribution{propagation} (a waltz, a tango, etc.).
  • BALSIS (Balsys) Eduardas (1919-84), the Lithuanian composer, the public figure, the national actor of the USSR (1980). Opera " Traveling to Tilsit " (1979), ballet " Egle - queen of grass - snakes " (1960), cantatas, concerts for a violin with an orchestra. The professor of the Lithuanian conservatory (with 1969).
  • BALTHASAR (Balthasar) Hans Urs a background (1905-88), the Swiss roman catholic seminary student and the philosopher. The opponent of dialectic theology of Charles Barta, the writer of numerous transactionses on patristike, to divinity, a history, ecclesiology, about german spiritual crop, etc. Compositions - " the Apocalypse german showers " (t. 1-3, 1937-39), " the Space liturgy " (1941), " Magnificence. A doctrinal aesthetics " (t. 1-3, 1961-67).
  • BALTAR (Baltard) Victor (1805-74), the French architect, the representative of neo-classicism. For the first time has applied glass-to-metal blankings umbrella type to pavilions of the market " Belly of Paris " (1845-70). Was engaged also in restoral of the Parisian churches.
  • BALTASAR (Baltazar) (psevd. Balagtas, Balagtas) Fransisko (1788-1862), the founder of the Philippine literature (on tagalskom tongue). In a poem " Florante and Laura " (1838), using traditional forms of national poetry, has acted with condemnation of a spanish colonial press.
  • BALTJUS (Balthus; an ice-film. A name and fam. Klossovsky de the Roll, Balthasar) (r. 1908), the French artist. By origin the Pole. One of master masters of magic realism. His{its} painting it is paradoxical combines harmonic balance of compositions " spirit of aged masters " with sensation of a vague alert, erotic motives.
  • BALFUR (Balfour) Arthur James (1848-1930), the prime minister of the Great Britain in 1902-05; the conservator. In 1904 government Balfura has concluded with France the agreement becoming basis{fundamentals} Antanty. Repeatedly was part of government, in 1916-19 Minister for Foreign Affairs. The writer of the Declaration (1917) about building the jewish national locus in Palestine.
  • BALTSER, the title Krasnoarmeysk in the Saratov region in 1926-1942.
  • BALTSO (Balczo) Andrash (r. 1938), the Hungarian sportsman. The champion of Olympic Games (1960, 1968, 1972), the world (1963, 1965-67, 1969-70) in the modern pjatiborje (personal and command offsets).
  • BALCHIKONIS (Balcikonis) JUozas (1885-1969), Lithuanian jazykoved, academician AN of Lithuania (1946). Probeed Baltic tongues; one of makers of " the Dictionary of the Lithuanian tongue " (t. 1-15, 1941-62).
  • BALCHJUNAS (Balciunas) Vitautas - Kazimeras (1924-78), the Lithuanian architect, the deserved architect of Lithuania (1974). Sanatoria in Druskininkae (1966-68, 1970-73), inhabited r-n Lazdinaj in Vilnius (1965-66, 1969-73, with co-authors). The lenin premium (1974).
  • BAM, see. A Baikal-Amur main.
  • BAMAKO (Bamako), capital (with 1960) Republics Malis, on r. Niger. 646 thousand inhabitants (1987). A traffic centre. An international airport. Mild, flavoring, etc. an industry. Handicraft industries (weaving, a wood carving, an ivory). To 1882 Bamakos, at that time small settlement, the French troops occupied. In 1920-58 administrative centre of the French Sudan, in 1958-60 - independent{autonomous} Sudanese Republic. 2 museums. Bliz Bamako - a mosque of 14 century.
  • BAMANA (bambara), tongue of group mande, is distributed in Mali and in adjacent terrains. Tongue of interethnic dialogue in Mali. Writing on the basis of the latin alphabet.
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