Friday, May 25, 2007

  • BALTAKIS (Baltakis) Algimantas (r. 1930), the Lithuanian poet, the national poet of Lithuania (1986). Collections " CHertov the bridge " (1957), " the Underground rivers " (1965), " the Wandering mountain " (1967), " the Rivers and bridges " (1976), "Marathon" (1982); the collection of poetic transfers{translations} " Hour of brotherhood " (1986).
  • BALTER Boris Isaakovich (1919-74), the Russian writer. The lyrical story " Good-bye, boys " (1962) about pre-war generation of youth. The autobiographical story "Samarkand" (it is not ended, published in 1989).
  • BALTIYSK (up to 1946 Pillau), city in the Russian Federation, the Kaliningrad region, on the Baltic sand - bar, a fore bay of Kaliningrad (it is paired from nymas by a mid-ocean channel). A depot. 27,9 thousand inhabitants (1992). A museum of Baltic fleet. It is based in 1686.
  • BALTIC PATCH, intermittent strip of morainal patches along an austral and southeast shore of Baltic m. Length ok. 1500 kms, an altitude of 200-300 m. Conifers and mixed forests, lakes.
  • The BALTIC SYSTEM of ALTITUDES adopted in the Russian Federation system of true altitudes, which readout is conducted from zero of a graduated pole in Kronstadt.
  • BALTIC CHANNELS, see. Danish channels.
  • BALTIC TONGUES, group of the affine tongues relating to indoevropejskoj to family of tongues. Western - Baltic: Prussian, jatvjazhsky (extinct in 17-18 centuries); east - Baltic: Lithuanian, Latvian, extinct kurshsky, selonsky and some other.
  • BALTIC PORT, the official title of. Paldiski in Estonia in 1783-1917.
  • The BALTIC FLEET, goes back to the Russian fleet built at Peter I in nach. 18 century which awakely acted during Boreal war 1700-21 (victories at Gangut, Grengame, etc.). In Great Domestic war defended islands Moonzundskie, Thalline and p-ov Hanko, participat in the defence of Leningrad (1941-44), sustained approach of a land forces in Baltic, Vost. Prussia and Vost. Pomerania (1944-45).
  • BALTIC BOARD, projection dokembrijskogo the base in a northwest part of the East Europe ramp. It is combined by breeds of an Archean and the lower Proterozoic (gneises, crystalline slates, etc.). Since Paleozoic, periodically{batchly} was hoisted and was range of drift.
  • BALTIC the PEST (dr .-ðóñ. Varjazhskoe) inland the pest Atlantic ok., for coasts the Sowing. And Compare. Europe. It is bridged to Boreal m. Danish channels. 419 thousand êì2. Prevailing{dominating} depths of 40-100 m, maximum - 470 m. Large islands: Bornholm, Gotland, Eland, Saaremaa, Hiiumaa, Rjugen, Alandskie. Large bays: Botnichesky, Finnish, Riga. In Baltic the m. run the rivers Neva, Zap. Dvina (Daugava), Neman, Vistula, Odra. A salinity in a western part of 11 ‰, in central 6-8 ‰. In a north-east part solidifies. Fishery (a Baltic cod, a splat, sprat). As a result of man impacts the environmental setting of Baltic m has worsened. Primary ports: Saint Petersburg, Thalline, Riga, Liepaja, Klaipeda, Kaliningrad, Gdansk - Gdynja, Szczecin, Rostock, Kiel, Lubek, Copenhagen, Malme, Stockholm, Luleo, Turku, Helsinki. Health resorts: JUrmala, Liepaja, Kolobrzeg, Ustka, Heringsdorf, etc.
  • BALTIMORE (Baltimore) Dejvid (r. 1938), the American virologist. Probeed the mechanism of interaction of RNK-KEEPING oncogenous viruses with normal cells. Has discovered (irrespective of H.Temina) a ferment revertazu (a revertive transcriptase), ensuring drive of the genetic information from RNK to DNK. The Nobel Prize (1975, together with Teminom).
  • BALTIMORE (Baltimore) Dejvid (r. 1938), the American virologist. Probeed the mechanism of interaction of RNK-KEEPING oncogenous viruses with normal cells. Has discovered (irrespective of H.Temina) a ferment revertazu (a revertive transcriptase), ensuring drive of the genetic information from RNK to DNK. The Nobel Prize (1975, together with Teminom).
  • BALTRUSHAJTIS (Baltrusaitis) JUrgis (1873-1944), the Russian and Lithuanian poet. Bordered on to Russian symbolism. Collections: in Russian - " Earth stages{steps} " (1911), " the Mountain trail " (1912), " the Lily and a sickle " (it is published 1948); in the Lithuanian tongue - " the Wreath from teardrops " (1942). In 1921-39 plenipotentiary of Lithuania in the USSR. From 1939 cable cores in Paris.
  • BALTUSHIS (Baltusis) JUozas (an ice-film. A name and fam. Albertas JUozenas, Juozenas) (1909-91), the Lithuanian writer, the national writer of Lithuania (1969). Novels " the Sold years " (t. 1-2, 1957-69), " the Legend about JUzase " (1979), the autobiographical story " Pood salt " (kn. 1-2, 1973-1975), plays, stories; the book of publicism " Expressions and answers " (1985). Many products{creations} are dedicated the Lithuanian village.
  • BALTY (Baltic nations), colonized in 1-st thousand n. e. Terrain from JUgo-Zap. Baltics up to Top part. Podneprovja and a bass. Oka (see. Goljad). An economy: agriculture and cattle breeding. Eastern balty on a boundary 1-2-ãî one thousand n. e. Were part of an old russian nationality{national character}. Western balty (zhjamajty, zemgaly, kurshi, latgaly) - ancestors of the modern Latvians and Lithuanians.
  • BALUGJANSKY Michael Andreevich (1769-1847), the Russian economist. The first rector of the St.-Petersburg university (1819-21). In a country problem the adherent of liberal reforms. Criticized mercantilism.
  • BALHARSKAJA CERAMICS, stonewares (pitchers, mugs, bowls, toys), produced in lakskom seconds Balhar Akushinskogo r-on Dagestan. In 17-18 centuries - in the season{term} of the best bloom of a craft - there was a characteristic phylum unglazed balharskoj the ceramics distinguished by harmonic combination of stringent singleness of an outline profile and laconicalness of ortamental brush paintings by an engobe (predominary white; corrugated lines, a hatching, rosettes). On the basis a craft in 1928 it is organized promkolhoz, izgotovljavshy ceramics, in 1936 - artel, converted afterwards in shop of ceramics Mahachkalinskogo of combine.
  • BALKHASH, city (with 1937) in Kazakhstan, Dzhezkazgan region, landing stage on boreal coast an eskar. Balkhash. A depot. 87,6 thousand inhabitants (1991). Mining-and-metallurgical integrated works. Fish, meat industry.
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