Friday, May 25, 2007

  • The BALKAN CAMPAIGN 6-29.4.1941, aggression of fascist Germany, Italy and Hungary against Yugoslavia and Greeces during 2-nd world war. After a defeat of an italian troops in war against Greece in 1940-41 hitlerite guiding before an offence to the USSR has conducted the Balkan campaign, during which capitulated Yugoslavia (on April, 17) and Greece (on April, 23).
  • The BALKAN RANGE, in Turkmenii. 138,5 thousand êì2. The population of 925 thousand person (1991). Adm. ts. - Nebit-Dag.
  • The BALKAN WARS 1912-13. 1-n the Balkan war (9.10.1912-30.5.1913) - between the Balkan union (Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, Montenegro) and Turkey. Under the London peace treaty 1913 Turkey which has lossed a defeat lost all european possessions, except for Istanbul and small part Vost. Thrace. 2-n the Balkan war (29.6-10.8.1913) - war of Bulgaria against Greece, Serbia and Montenegro which Romania and Turkey have joined. It was finished by a defeat of Bulgaria which under the Bucharest peace treaty 1913 has conceded to Romania JUzh. Dobrudja, Greeces - JUzh. To Macedonius and part Zap. Thrace, Serbia - almost all the Sowing. To Macedonius. The Balkan wars have reduced in an exacerbation of international contraventions, having accelerated the beginning of 1-st world war.
  • The BALKAN MOUNTAINS, the same, that Stara Planina.
  • BALKAN Nenko (1907-77), the Bulgarian painter. Truthful, indicative patterns on a composition on themes of life of workers, portraits.
  • The BALKAN PENINSULA, in the south of Europe. 505 thousand êì2. Presses at-sea on 950 kms. It is washed against Mediterranean, Adriatic, Ionicheskim, Mottled, Egejskim and Black by seas. Boreal border{limit} passes from Triestskogo a hall. To r. Sava and further across Danube up to a mouth. Coasts are hardly dismembered. In a relief mountains - Stara Planina, Rila Planina (up to 2925 ì), Rhodope, Dinarskoe a mountains, Pindus prevail{dominate}; lowlands are insignificant (Verhnefrakijskaja, Fessalijskaja), on terrain Balkan p-va austral parts Srednedunajskoj and plains Nizhnedunajskoj catch. A climate in a north moderate, continental, in the south and the west subtropical. The Mediterranean bushes, broad-leaved and coniferous forests. On Balkan p-ve Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Macedonius, Romania, Slovenia, Turkey, Croatia, Yugoslavia are located (in full or in part).
  • The BALKAN UNION 1912, political-military alliance of Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro, directed against Turkey, and also actually against Austria-Hungary. Developed at support of Russia. Has broken up in 1913. See. The Balkan wars 1912-1913.
  • BALKARTSY (the self-title - taulula), people in the Russian Federation, in Kabardino-Balkariya (ok. 71 thousand person). In total in the Russian Federation 78 thousand person (1992). Tongue karachaevo-balkarsky. Believers balkartsy - moslems - sunnity.
  • The BULKER (from English bulk - to pile, fill), a purpose-built ship for a shipping goods in bulk and in bulk. Deadweight up to 150 thousand t.
  • BALCONY (frants. balcon), prominent from a wall and shielded (a lattice, a balustrade or a barrier wall) a site on cantilever beams on a front or in an interior of the building; places in the auditoria, located by an amphitheatre in different storeys (a balcony of 1-st storey, 2-nd storey...).
  • BALL (from frants. balle - a sphere), an arbitrary unit for an assessment{evaluation} on a fixed scale of intensity the phenomena (in meteorology, napr., wind speeds), progress and conduct of pupils, outcomes of contest{races} in some kinds{views} of sport, quality agricultural animal (on exhibitions).
  • BALL (Âàlla) Dzhakomo (1871-1958), the italian artist, the master of futurism. In mature creativity of 1910th has transfered from figurate compositions to the abstraction expressing " dynamics{changes} of net energies ", loosely extending in the space.
  • BALLADNAJA OPERA (English ballad opera), the English version of comic opera; in 18 century has become popular also in Italy, France, Germany and Spain. In balladnoj to opera songs and dances alternated with speech scenes, folk songs (from here the title) were used. " Opera of a beggar " (text Dzh. The gay, music Dzh. Pepusha, production 1728) has called numerous mimesises.
  • BALLANSH (Ballanche) Pierre Simon (1776-1847), the French writer, the philosopher, the theorist of art of epoch of early romanticism. Novels of "Antirun" (1814), "Orfej" (1829), the literary - critical tract " About feeling in his{its} attitude{relation} to the literature and fine arts " (1801), etc.
  • BALLARAT (Ballarat), city in the south of Australia. 61 thousand inhabitants (1983.) Center of area of gold mining. A machine industry, textile, a food-processing industry.
  • BALLARI (Bellari), city in India, on r. Hagari, pieces. Karnataka. 245 thousand inhabitants (1991.) Center of a cotton-growing area. Textile, sugar, a metal-working industry.
  • BALLAS, version of diamond, small-sized spherical radiative units.
  • BALLAST (niderl. ballast).. 1) freight (water, sand, etc.), placed on a vessel for improvement of his{its} seagoing capacities... 2) Freight for regulation of jacking ability of the aeronautic apparatus (napr., an air balloon)... 3) the Layer by the way a fine-bored cushion from bulk materials (a crushed rock, etc.), stowed on a road level railway ways.
  • BALLENI ISLANDS (Balleny), volcanic islands in the south of Quiet ok., bliz Antarctica. An altitude up to 1524 m. Are coated{obtected} with icehouses.
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