Friday, May 25, 2007

  • BAZEN Peter Petrovich (Pierre - Domenik) (1786-1838), the Russian mathematician, the mechanics, the engineer, the honorary member Petersburg AN (1827). By origin the Frenchman. The main{basic} transactionses on a calculus, geometries, mechanics. Has developed the theory of motion of steam{vapour} courts.
  • BAZEN (Bazin) Erve (an ice-film. A name Jean Pierre Mari Erve-Bazen, Herve-Bazin) (1911-96), the French writer. The participant of movement of Resistance. Sharp condemnation of private{individual} life and moral of the bourgeois, opposition of the hero to disintegration of the modern moral principles - in the basis{fundamentals} of the satiriko-psychologic trilogy "Family Rezo" (1948-72), a cycle of "family" psychologic novels: " In the name of the son " (1960), " Matrimonial life " (1967), " Anatomy of one divorce " (1975). The philosophical novel - reporting " Lucky persons from an island of "Despair" (1970). The story about Chile " And fire gobbles fire " (1978). President Gonkurovskoj of academy (with 1977). The international Lenin premium (1980).
  • BASIDIOMYCETES (basidiomycetes), class of the maximum mushrooms with special reproductive organs - basidiums. St. 30 thousand kinds{views}. Orders: afilloforovye, agarikovye, bunt fungi, gasteromitsety, etc. Many of them are edible (the boletus mushroom, a pepper cap), other are toxicant (the red fly mushroom, a death cup), some invoke{produce} diseases of agricultural crops and wood breeds.
  • BAZILE (Basile) Dzhambattista (1575-1632), the italian writer. Has constituted the first collection in the european literature of national fairy tales in art machining "Pentameron" (the issuing 1634-36).
  • BAZILEVICH Konstantin Vasiljevich (1892-1950), the Russian historian, the professor. Transactionses on a history of foreign policy, class struggle, socio economic attitudes{relations} of feudal Russia.
  • BASIL, stem of subshrubs and bushes of a set of a mint family. Ok. 150 kinds{views}, in tropics and subtropics. Some kinds{views} (evgenolnyj, etc.) cultivate a basil for obtaining an essential oil.
  • BASIL (from grech. basilike - the imperial dwelling), the rectangular building in the plan, disjointed inside ranges of columns or piles on longitudinal parts (naves); the mean nave, higher, is illuminated through windows above roofs{covers} of side naves. In Other. Rome basils - judicial and trade buildings; after a basil - one of Haupttypuses of a Christian temple.
  • BAZILIKATA (Basilicata), Lukanija (Lucania), range in JUzh. Italy, for a hall. Taranto Ionicheskogo in m. of 10 thousand êì2. The population of 623 thousand person (1989). Adm. ts. - Potentsa. Actuates prov. Matera and Potentsa.
  • BAZIPETALNOE DEVELOPMENT (from grech. basis - the grounding and an armour. peto - I aspire{try}), development of branches, elements of leaves and other parts of a plant from top to the grounding therefore more pullet{more young man} parts of a plant appear closer to the grounding, and aged - to top. Typically for leaflets peristoslozhnogo a leaf of a dog rose, branches of a thallome of some algae. Compare. An acropetal growth.
  • BASIS (grech. basis - the grounding), the basis{fundamentals}, the grounding; a support, the base, base. Napr., basis of a column, basis of the program.
  • BASIS, in a geodesy - a line on location, gauged with a split-hair accuracy and the employee for definition of lengths of the parties of geodetic network in a triangulation.
  • BASE PRICE, the price received for the basis{fundamentals} at calculation of indexes, defining dynamics{changes} of manufacture and other economic parameters. A commodity price of fixed quality, the dimension, chemical composition, the employee the centre of oscillation of actual prices.
  • BAZIFIKATSIJA, 1) natural process of enrichment of rocks Fe, Mg and Ca with simultaneous offset Si, Na, etc.; the rocks undergone bazifikatsii, differ the heightened content of colour minerals (pirokseny, amphiboles, etc.)... 2) bazifikatsija, or "okeanizatsija", - hypothetical process of a full physico-chemical thorough revision of a "granite" layer of earth crust and his{its} metamorphosis{transformation} into a "basalt" layer.
  • BASIC COMPONENT PART.. 1) the basic part with which assembly of the machine or the mechanism (an engine support of the rig, etc.) starts... 2) the Main{Basic} type part reflecting design, technological and other performances of group of items, for definition of the conditional program of manufacture, basically at designing shops, factories.
  • BAZOVSKY (Bazowsky) Milosh (1899-1968), the Slovak painter. The symbolically - generalized, occasionally drama scenes of country life differ courageous drawing, an indicative rhythmicity of the composition refined by a gamma.
  • BASOPHILES, the cells keeping in a cytoplasm of structure, stained by the main{basic} (alkaline) dyes, a kind{view} of granular leucocytes of blood, and also fixed cells of a forward{front} lobe of a hypophysis.
  • BAZUKA (English bazooka), the title of a manual grenade launcher in armed forces the USA and some other states in 2-nd world war and in post-war time.
  • BAZUNOV Alexander Fedorovich (1825-99), the publisher and knigoprodavets. In 60th of 19 century in Saint Petersburg emitted products{creations} of Russian writers.
  • BAIOV Alexey Konstantinovich (1871-1935), the Russian military historian, the general - lieutenant (1915). With 1919 in Estonia. Transactionses on a history of Russian army and military art.
  • BAIRIKI (Bairiki), capital of the state Kiribati, on an atoll Tarawa. 19 thousand inhabitants (1985). A port on Quiet ok. (export of a copra, phosphates).
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