Monday, May 14, 2007

  • BEKESCSABA (Bekescsaba), city in a southeast of Hungary, an administrative centre medje Bekesh. 70 thousand inhabitants (1985). Machine-tool construction, an agricultural machine industry, textile, a food-processing industry.
  • BEKINGEM (Bakingem) (Buckingham) George Viljers (1592-1628), duke, a favorite and minister for the English kings of Jacob I and Charles I Stjuartov. It was condemned by parliamentary opposition and puritans as a main explorer absoljutistskoj policies. It is killed by the army officer.
  • BEKKARIA (Beccaria) CHezare (1738-94), the italian educator, the lawyer, the publicist. Ideas Bekkaria about necessity of a proportionality of punishment and a crime, etc. have played the important role in formation of democratic principles of a criminal law.
  • BEKKE (Becke) Fridrih (1855-1931), Austrian mineralog and the petrographer, foreign corresponding member Petersburg AN (1912). Has developed an immersion method of measurement of refractive indexes of solid matters (method Bekke). Has placed the law of a sectorial structure of crystals (law Bekke).
  • BEKKENBAUER (Bechenbauer) Frants (r. 1945), the german sportsman and the trainer. It adjudicated by the best football player of Europe (1972, 1976). The world champion (1974) and Europe (1972), the owner of the Cup of european champions (1974, 1975, 1976). The trainer of a combined team of the Germany (1987-90) which have won a world championship 1990.
  • BEKKER (Becker) Boris (r. 1968), the german sportsman (tennis). The world champion (1989), the winner of the open championships the USA (1989) and Australia (1991), the Wimbledon tournament (1985, 1986, 1989) in solitary category. The champion of Olympic Games (1992) in twin category. In structure of a command of Germany the winner of the Cup of Davis (team championship of the world 1988 and 1989).
  • BEKKER (Becker) the Fire (r. 1930), the American economist. One of writers of the theory of the human capital (formation of a labour). Economic analysis of social themes (family attitudes, criminality, discrimination, etc.). The Nobel Prize (1992).
  • BEKKER (Becquer) Gustavo Adolfo (1836-70), the spanish writer. The representative of romanticism. The collection of lyrics and short stories " Verses and legends " (it is issued in 1871).
  • BEKKER (Becker) Jacque (1906-60), the French film director. Films: " Antoine and Antoinette " (1946), " the Golden helmet " (1952), " do not touch production " (1954), " Monparnas, 19 " (1957), "Hole" (1960).
  • BEKKER Charles Genrih (1876-1933), the german historian of moslem faith, foreign corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1924). The founder (1910) and the managing editor of the log-book "Moslem faith". In 1921 and 1925-30 minister for crop of Prussia.
  • BEKKER (Becker) the Whip (1893-1974), the danish writer. Anti-war verses, realistic antibourgeois novels "Daily bread" (1932), "Maryanna" (1956), "Dwelling" (1961).
  • BECQUEREL, SI unit of activity of radioisotopes, is called named A.A.Bekkerelja, meant Bk. 1 Bk corresponds to 1 disintegration per second.
  • BECQUEREL (Becquerel), French ôèçèêè:.. 1) Antoine Sezar (1788-1878), transactionses on fosfo-and fluorescences, to a thermoelectricity and dr... 2) Alexander Edmon (1820-91), son Antoine Sezara, basic transactionses on a phosphorescence... 3) Antoine Anri (1852-1908), son Alexander Edmona, has discovered (1896) natural radioactivity of salts of uranium. The Nobel Prize (1903, together with P.Kjuri and M.Sklodovskoj-Kjuri).
  • BEKKET (Beckett) Semjuel (1906-89), the irish playwright. Wrote in the French and English tongues. One of founders of nonsense of a drama (" Pending Godo ", 1952; " the End of the game ", 1957). In novels "Molloj" (1951), " Malon dies " (1951), "Not called" (1953) - traditions of the literature of " a torrent of consciousness ". In the play "Catastrophe" (1982) has acted against depressing freedom of the artist. The Nobel Prize (1969).
  • BEKKROSS (English backcross), the same, that a resiprocal crossing.
  • BEKLEMISHEV Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1861-1920), the Russian sculptor. Combined pozdneakademicheskie traditions with features, close to art peredvizhnikov (" Rural love ", 1896).
  • BEKLEMISHEV Vladimir Nikolaevich (1890-1962), the Russian zoologist, the founder of scientific school of parasitologists and medical entomologists, the writer of the doctrine about malarial landscapes, academician AMN (1945). Transactionses on a comparative anatomy of Invertebrata, a biocoenology, comparative and evolutionary parasitology. The state premium of the USSR (1944, 1952).
  • BEKLIN (Bocklin) Arnold (1827-1901), the Swiss painter. The representative of symbolism and style "modernist style". In fancy scenes combined mystical symbolics with naturalistic certainty (" the Island dead ", 1880).
  • BECKMANN Jacob Nikolaevich (1836-63), the Ukrainian revolutionary - the six-gang foreman, one of organizers and the chief of the Harkovsko-Kiev secret society in 1856-60 and sunday schools in Kiev in 1859. With 1862 member " the Earth and will ". Has died in the reference.
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