Tuesday, May 15, 2007

  • BEKHTEREV Vladimir Mihajlovich (1857-1927), the Russian neurologist, the psychiatrist and the psychologist, the founder of scientific school. Fundamental transactionses on anatomy, physiologies and a pathology of nervous system. Probes of medical application of hypnosis, including at alkogolizme. Transactionses on sexual education, conduct of the child of early age, social psychology. Probeed the personality on the basis of complex study of a brain by physiological, anatomic and psychologic methods. The founder of a reflexology. The organizer and the chief of Psychoneurological institute (1908; nowadays him. Bekhterev) and Institute on study of a brain and mental activity (1918).
  • BEKHTEREV DISEASE, the same, that an ankylosing spondylarthritis. V.M.Behterevym in 1893 is described.
  • BEKHTEREV Natalia Petrovna (r. 1924), the physiologist, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; academician AN the USSR with 1981), the academician Russian AMN (1975). Grand daughter V.M.Bekhterev. Transactionses on physiology of mental activity, structurally functional organization and bioelectric activity of a brain in a pathology. The state premium of the USSR (1985).
  • BETS Vladimir Alekseevich (1834-94), the Russian anatomist and the histologist, one of founders of the doctrine about tsitoarhitektonike a cerebral cortex. Has described (1874) huge pyramidal cells (cell Betsa).
  • BETS Vladimir Alekseevich (1834-94), the Russian anatomist and the histologist, one of founders of the doctrine about tsitoarhitektonike a cerebral cortex. Has described (1874) huge pyramidal cells (cell Betsa).
  • BETSKOJ Ivan Ivanovich (1704-1795), the Russian public figure, personal secretary Ekaterina II (1762-79). Conducted reforms in range of education and education. The creator and the trustee educational is dry-rot (for fatherlesses) in Moscow and Petersburg, Smolnogo institute, etc. educational and educational establishments. The president of the Academy of arts (1763-95).
  • BETSOLD (Bezold) Fridrih (1842-1908), german otorinolaringolog, one of founders of physiology of ear and diagnosis of acoustic defeats. Has proved availability for surdomute " islands of ear " and has developed on the basis of it a method of their education of oral speech.
  • BETSTSENBERGER (Bezzenberger) Adalbert (1851-1922), the german philologist and the archeologist, foreign corresponding member Petersburg AN (1894). One of osnovatelej Baltic philology. Transactionses on Baltic tongues. Has emited written monuments of 16-17 centuries.
  • BECHO, a saddle-point Main Caucasian hr., between hills Donguz-Orunbashi and SHhelda. 3375 m. Through Becho are passed with a trail from r. Baksan on a valley r. JUsengi up to r. Inguri. Tourism.
  • BECHUANALAND (Bechuanaland), the protectorate of the Great Britain in Africa in 1885-1966. Since September 1966 gos-in Botswana.
  • BECHUANY, see. Tsvana.
  • BESHAR, city in the west of Algeria, an administrative centre vilaji Beshar. 107 thousand inhabitants (1987.) Center of mining area (development of mineral coal, iron, manganous ores). The flavoring, sewing, metal-working enterprises.
  • The BESH-ARAL RESERVATION, in Kirghizia, in CHatkalskoj to a valley. It is based in 1979. The area 16732 ga. Woods from a Persian walnut and archi. Marmot badger Menzbira, a snow porpoise, etc.; a golden eagle, an osprey, sapsan.
  • BESHARYK, city (with 1983) in Uzbekistan, the Fergana region, bliz zh.-d. An item. Rapkan. 17,6 thousand inhabitants (1991). Factories: hlopkoochistitelnaja, a cottony fiber.
  • RABIES, virus disease of the person and animal: a severe injury of central nervous system. It is transmitted through a spit of sick animals, primarily at a puncture. The reservoir of a virus in a nature - feral sarcophagous. Prophylaxis for the person: emergency inoculations after a puncture.
  • "MAD", a nickname of representatives of the extremely left-handed political trend in the season of the French revolution kon. 18 century and ideologists of urban poor (Z.Ru, T.Leklerk, Z.Varle, etc.). Demanded a maximum, a revolutionary terror. In extirpation with jakobintsami have been routed in the autumn 1793.
  • SQUIRTING CUCUMBER, stem of perennial herbaceous plants of a set of a gourd family. 1 kind, primarily on coasts of Mediterranean and Black m. The ripe fruits similar to cucumbers, at a tangency are torn off and with force will reject a liquid with seeds (from here the title).
  • BESHKENT, city (with 1977) in Uzbekistan, the Kashkadarinskai region, bliz Karshi. 11,9 thousand inhabitants (1991). A ginnery, a clothing factory.
  • BESHKOV Eli (1901-58), the Bulgarian schedule. Proniknutye acute social satire antimonarchic and anti-fascist drawings in the Bulgarian log-books 20-30-Õ, political and household caricatures.
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