Monday, May 14, 2007

  • BELINDA, the guide of Uranus, is open from a side of a space vehicle "Voyager - 2" (the USA, 1986). Distance from Uranus ok. 75 One thousand in km, a diameter ok. 50 kms.
  • BELINKOV Arcady Viktorovich (1921-70), the Russian writer, the historian of the literature. With 1968 in emigration. Ostrokritichesky a novel - parable " the Draft copy of feelings ", the entailed arrest and the camp conclusion of the writer within stalinshchiny (it is published in Russia in 1996). Books "Jury Tynyanov" (1960), " Delivery and death of the Soviet intelligent " (1976, about J.K.Olesha, it is published abroad).
  • BELINNIK Peter Sergeevich (r. 1906), the Russian singer (the lyrical tenor), the national actor of the USSR (1954). In 1936-40 at Major theatre, in 1942-64 at the Ukrainian theatre of opera and ballet.
  • BELINSKY (up to 1948 CHembar), city (with 1780) in the Russian Federation, the Penza region, in 55 kms from zh.-d. An item. Belinskaja. 9,3 thousand inhabitants (1991). Factories: penkoobrabatyvajushchy, maslodelatelnyj. V.G.Belinsky museum which has conducted in CHembare a childhood. Near to Belinsky, in a seconds. Lermontovo (former Tarhany), M.J.Lermontov museum - farm and his tomb.
  • BELINSKY Vissarion Grigorjevich (1811-48), the Russian literary critic. Cooperated in log-books "Telescope" (1833-36), " Domestic a note " (1839-46) and "Contemporary" (1847-48). Aspired to create literary criticism on soil of a philosophical aesthetics (basically under influence of ideas of F.Schelling and G.Gegelja). Having regarded as of paramount importance criticism of an existing real, has developed principles of natural school - a realistic direction in the Russian literature as which chapter considered N.V.Gogolja. In annual reviews of the literature, in articles about A.S.Pushkin (11 points, 1843-46), M.J.Lermontov, etc. the concrete historical analysis of their creativity, uncovering originality, a nationality, humanism, as gave the major criterion of artistry of their products.
  • BELINFORM, news agency in Minsk. It is organized in 1992 on the basis agencies BELTA (with 1931:îñíîâàíî in 1921 as branch of GROWTH). Distributes official reports VS, governments and government departments of Belarus.
  • BELITUNG (Belitung) (Billiton), a flat island in Malayan arh., to the orient from Sumatra, in Indonesia. 4850 êì2. An altitude up to 510 m. The wet tropical forests. Production of tin ores. Main city - Tandzhungpandan.
  • BELITSKOE, city (with 1966) on Ukraine, Donetsk region, bliz zh.-d. An item. Mertsalovo. 11,7 thousand inhabitants (1991). Production of mineral coal.
  • BELICH Alexander (1876-1960), Serbian jazykoved, the president Serbian AN (1937), foreign corresponding member AN the USSR (1925; foreign corresponding member Petersburg AN with 1910). Probeed the Serbian tongue, comparative grammar of slavonic tongues, problems of general linguistics.
  • SQUIRREL, a set of mammals of a rodentia. Ok. 230 kinds, are distributed widely. To squirrel concern - proteins, chipmunks, marmot badgers, susliks, meadow clicks, etc.
  • PROTEIN the INSTITUTE of the Russian Academy of Science, is built in 1967, enters into a centre of science of the Russian Academy of Science in Pushchino the Moscow region. Probes on structure of proteins and mechanisms of their biosynthesis.
  • PROTEINS, the natural high molecular weight organic compounds constructed from residues of 20 amino asids which are paired by peptide bonds in the lengthy circuits. Molecular weight from several thousand up to several millions. Depending on the form of a proteinaceous molecule distinguish fibrillar and globular proteins. Special group - conjugated proteins which structure except for amino asids includes carbohydrates (glycoproteins), nucleic acids (nucleoproteins), etc. In all living organisms proteins play extremely important role: they participate in construction of cells and tissues, are biocatalysts (ferments), hormones, respiratory pigments (haemoglobins), shielding agents (immunoglobulins), etc. The Biosynthesis of proteins descends on ribosomes and is determined by a genetic code of nucleic acids during translation. Proteins - the basis of a leather, a wool, silk and other natural materials, the major food items of the person and a forage animal. About 2-nd floor. 20 century. To obtaining alimentary and feed proteins apply microbialogic synthesis.
  • PROTEINS, stem of mammals of a set squirrel. Length of a body of 20-30 sm, a tail the lengthy, the rank. Ok. 40 kinds, in woods of Eurasia, the Sowing. And JUzh. America (boreal part). Protein dace (veksha) - object of a craft.
  • PROTEINS (protein), tops of mountains JUzh. Siberia, coated with snow within all summer or his large part (napr., Agulskie Proteins).
  • PROTEIN-VITAMIN CONCENTRATE (BVK), yeast feed on the basis of plant roughage - paraffins of petroleum (paprin), a natural gas (gaprin), etc. Manufacture and application BVK demands stringent regulation.
  • BELL (Bell) Alexander Grejam (1847-1922), one of inventors of the earphone. By origin the Scot. With 1871 in the USA. In 1876 has taken out a patent on first practically fit earphone.
  • BELL Daniel (r. 1919), the American sociologist, the professor Colombian (with 1958) and Harward (with 1969) universities. One of writers of concepts "deideologizatsii" and " a postindustrial society ". The main books: " the End of philosophy " (1960), " the Future postindustrial society " (1973).
  • " BELL EARPHONE LABORATORIS ", research firm in the USA (the centre in. Marri-Hill, pieces. New Jersey), it is built in 1925. Enters into the company " Amerikan the earphone end telegraph ". Conducts fundamental and applications in range of solid-state physics, an electronics engineering, etc.
  • BELL (Bell) CHarlz (1774-1842), the Scottish anatomist, the physiologist and the surgeon. Transactionses on anatomy and physiologies of nervous system. In 1811 has placed distribution of nerve fibres in little roots of a spinal cord (Bell - Mazhandi the law). Has conducted activities on communication of indicative motions with functions of different departments of nervous system. Has introduced a substantial contribution to development of submissions about reflexes and a reflex arc. Has found one of the protective reflexes, consisting in a volume, that at clamping eyelids both ophthalmic apples are pivoted up (Bell phenomenon).
  • BELL - MAZHANDI the LAW (named the Scottish anatomist and physiologist C.Bell and French physiologist F.Mazhandi), the main regularity of distribution of nerve fibres in little roots of a spinal cord: sensing fibers enter a spinal cord in structure of rear little roots, and propulsion leave in structure forward.
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