Monday, May 14, 2007

  • BELLADONNA, perennial herbaceous plant of a stem a belladonna of a set of a nightshade family. An altitude of 0,6-2 m. Will grow in Central and JUzh. To Europe, M.Azii, on Caucasus, in Crimea and Carpathian mountains; in crop as medicinal. The antispasmodic is applied as soothing. It is toxicant. The belladonna contains an atropine dilating pupils, and consequently women in Other. Rome used her as " a means of beauty ". From here the title a belladonna (ital. belladonna - perfect lady).
  • BELLARMINO (Bellarmino) Roberto Franchesko Romolo (1542-1621), the roman catholic seminary student, the jesuit, a cardinal bird (with 1599); the figure of Counter-reformation. The main composition - " Reasoning on questions at issue of Christian belief against heretics of our time " (1581-93). Memory in the Latin church on September, 17.
  • BELLEROFONT, in the Grecian mythology the hero who has conquered trehglavoe a monster the Chimera, overcome amazons, etc. on winged horse Pegase tamed by him.
  • FICTION (from frants. belles lettres - fiction), 1) art prose... 2) In 20 century also mass literary production bytopisatelskogo, entertainment character as opposed to products of high art.
  • BELLI (Belli) Dzhuzeppe Dzhoakkino (1791-1863), the italian poet. Ok. 2 thousand satirical sonnets (" Roman sonnets ", the issuing 1886-89) have reflected national submissions about religion, histories, meaning of the life; love lyrics.
  • The BELLINI, family of italian painters of the venetian school: JAkopo (ok. 1400-70), to architectonic drawings Gothic conditionality is peculiar. His sons: Dzhentile (ok. 1429-1507), in portraits, multifigurate narrative compositions has embodied life of Venice (" the Procession on a square. A dignity - Marko ", 1496); Giovanni (ok. 1430-1516), has created classically clear patterns on religious and mythological themes, remarkable harmony of colour, poetry of landscape motives (" the Madonna delji Alberetti ", 1487), portraits (" Dozh Loredan ", ok. 1502).
  • The BELLINI (Bellini) Vinchentso (1801-35), the italian composer. The representative of a romantic direction, promoted development of art belkanto. Operas " Ñîìíàìáóëà ", "Norm" (both 1831), "Puritans" (1835), etc.
  • BELLINSGAUZEN, the first Russian polar station (with 1968) for coasts Zap. Antarctica on about. King - George (Waterloo), in arh. JUzh. Islands Shetlendskie. It is called named F.F.Bellinsgauzena.
  • BELLINSGAUZENA the HOLLOW, a submerged hollow in a southeast Quiet ok., between continental slopes of Antarctica, JUzh. America and JUzh.-pacific, Vost.-pacific and Chilean raisings. Depth up to 5399 m. It is called named F.F.Bellinsgauzena.
  • BELLINSGAUZENA the PEST (Marginal sea) Quiet ok., for coasts of Antarctica, between p-ovami Antarctic and Thurston. 487 thousand êì2. Depth up to 4115 m. A salinity of 33,5 ‰. Large islands - Peter I and the Earth Alexander I. A large part of year it is coated with floe ices and icebergs. It is called named F.F.Bellinsgauzena.
  • BELL - LANKASTERSKAJA SYSTEM, the same, that the relative education.
  • BELLO (Belleau) Remi (1528-77), the French poet. The representative of a circle of "Pleiad". Transfers from Anakreonta, transpositions of the Bible ("Petitions", are published in 1610). Latin burlesknaja a poem " the Poetic word about war of huguenots " (1574), the collection of verses of "Pastoral" (kn. 1-2, 1565-72), the book of allegorical verses " Love and new metamorphosises of precious stones " (1575).
  • BELLOVAKI, one of nations belgov in terrain the Sowing. Gallia.
  • BELLOK (Belloc) Joseph Pierre Hiler (Ilari) (1870-1953), the English political figure and the writer - roman catholic, close to G.K.Chesterton. In verses developed poetics of a nonsense (" the Book about zverjatah for the poor guys ", 1896). The writer of books of an essay " about anything " (1908), " About all " (1909), " about something " (1910), Cromwell biographies, Robespjera, Napoleon, etc.
  • BELLOKKO (Bellocchio) Marko (r. 1939), the italian film director. Debuted as the spokesman of moods of mutinous youth of 1960th (" Kulaks in a pouch ", 1965), having generated a wave t. n. " Kino kontestatsii ". Hereinafter worked in a race course of italian political kino (" About assassination - on the front page ", 1976). Films Bellokkjo of 1980th it is penetrating proniknuty Freudian motives (" Jump in vacuum ", 1980).
  • BELLONA, in Roman mythology the goddess of war. It was figured with a sword or a whip, often at the centre of battle, on a chariot.
  • BELLOTTO (Bellotto) Bernardo (1720-80), the italian painter, the etcher. The representative of the venetian school. The master veduty - documentary precise architectonic landscape (kinds of Venice, Dresden, Warsaw).
  • BELLOU (Bellow) Sol (r. 1915), the American writer. Novels: "Gerzag" (1964), " the Planet of Mr Sammlera " (1969). Belief in cultural wealth both cultural traditions and simultaneously sober realization of antagonisms of the modern civilization. Scepticism in the novel " Humboldt Gift " (1975) - about intellectual America. The collection " the Trickster and other stories " (1984) about "perpetually" themes of life, mors and redemption. The Nobel Prize (1976).
  • BELLOUZ (Bellows) George (1882-1925), the American painter. Has created a diverse and dramatic pattern of life of cities USA ("Dockers", 1912).
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