Monday, May 14, 2007

  • BELMOPAN (Belmopan), city, capital of Belize (it is based in 1970 as a new administrative centre). 5,3 thousand inhabitants (1990).
  • BELO (Bello) Andres (1781-1865), the Venezuelan writer, the founder of the Latin American philology. Epicheskaja a poem " the Circulation to poetry " (1823); " the Ode in honour of agriculture in tropics " (1826). Transactionses on spanish grammar, phonetics, etc.
  • BELSKY, the Russian painters of 18 century, brothers: Ivan Ivanovich (1719-99) and Alexey Ivanovich (1730-96). Church a mode, theatrical sceneries, dome lights and a panel for imperial palaces are executed in a broad picturesque manner, often actuate landscape and genre motives.
  • BELSKY, the Lithuanian and Russian princely stem 14 - nach. 17 centuries, Gediminovichi. In kon. 15 century Feodor Ivanovich and Seeds Ivanovich have left to Russia. In 16 century played an outstanding role: 1) Dmitry Fedorovich (1499-1551), boyar and voevoda in the Kazan marchings and in reflectance of incursions Crimean the tartar... 2) Ivan Fedorovich (? - 1542), boyar. In 1540-41 actually headed Russian government. In 1542 it arrested and killed under the order of princes of Shuisky... 3) Seeds Fedorovich, boyar and voevoda, in 1534 ran to Lithuania, in 1541 unsuccessfully attempted to raise Crimean the tartar in a marching to Moscow... 4) Ivan Dmitrievich (? - 1571), boyar and voevoda in Livonskoj war and marchings against Crimean the tartar, with 1565 first boyar zemshchiny.
  • BELSKY Bogdan Jakovlevich (? - 1611), a favorite of Ivan Terrible, relative Maljuty Skuratov. One of claimants for Russian holy table in 1598. Opponent Boris Godunova. Adherent Lzhedmitrija I, is welcome (1605) grade of boyar.
  • BELSKO-BJALA (Bielsko-Biala), city in the south of Poland, in Predkarpatje, Belsky administrative centre voevodstva. 178 thousand inhabitants (1990). A machine industry, a textile industry.
  • BELSKOE GORODISHCHE, residues of a reinforced Scythian settlement of 6 century up to n. e. - 1 century n. e. For a seconds. Belsk on Ukraine, the Poltava region. Residues of home units, pinfolds, craft workshops.
  • BELT MAJOR (dates. Store Baelt) one of the channels bridging Baltic m. from prol. Kattegat. Ok. 120 kms, the least width of 11 kms, a critical depth of 11,3 m. In inclement winters solidifies.
  • BELT SMALL (dates. Lille Baelt), one of the channels bridging Baltic m. from prol. Kattegat. Ok. 130 kms, the least width of 0,5 kms, depth from 10-15 m in a north up to 25-35 m in the south. In inclement winters solidifies. Through Belt Small are constructed a railway bridge (on a main Hamburg - Copenhagen - Stockholm) and 2 automobile bridges.
  • BELT DUCK (from English belting - a drivebelt), a strong cotton duck for manufacturing conveyer belts and rubberized drivebelts.
  • BELTRAMI (Beltrami) Eudzhenio (1835-1900), italian mathematician. The main transactionses on geometry. Has shown, that Lobachevsky geometry (plane geometry) will be realized on a surface called as a pseudosphere.
  • BELFLER-CHINESE APPLE, pozdneosenny a grade of an apple tree, in mean and austral areas of a fruit growing of Russia. I.V.Michurinym is introduced. Fruits large, soft, sweet - sourish, spicy, incense. Productivity up to 100-180 kg from a tree.
  • BELFOR (Belfort), city on the orient France, an administrative centre of department Belfor. A traffic centre for mountain pass between Vosges and JUroj (" the Burgundian gate "). St. 50 thousand inhabitants (1982). A machine-building, chemical, textile industry. In past Belfor - the military strength withstanding a number osad (1814, 1815, 1870-71), has existed down to 1-st world war.
  • STEPPE BELTSSKAJA (Stepa-Beltsuluj, Stepa Baltului), pologoholmistaja plain in a north of Moldova, in a bass. r. Reut. An altitude of 150-200 m. Almost bodily it ploughed up.
  • BELTSY, city in Moldova, see. Belts.
  • BELCHIKOV Nikolay Fedorovich (1890-1979), the literary critic, corresponding member AN the USSR (1953). Transactionses about F.M.Dostoevskom, N.G.Chernyshevskom, G.V.Plehanove.
  • DRESS CIRCLE (frants. beletage), 1) the first storey (level) of auditorium above a front stalls and an amphitheatre;.. 2) the second, ceremonial level of a palace, a private residence.
  • BELJUTIN Eliahs Mihajlovich (r. 1925), the Russian artist and the theorist of art. One of leaders Russian " informal art ", has organized well-known (due to the scandal made by N.S.Hrushchevym) an exhibition of avant-gardists in the Moscow Manege (1962). Long years led private studio where learned principles to " a new reality " - to skill to extend full-scale forms, saving them in abstraction. The same principle of monumental - pointless transfiguration of a nature is characteristic and for his painting and polihromnoj sculptures.
  • BELYAVSKY Sergey Ivanovich (1883-1953), the Russian astronomer, corresponding member AN the USSR (1939). Transactionses on astrophotometry, probe of variable stars, a photographic astrometry. Has discovered 37 planetoids, over 250 variable stars and a comet.
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