Monday, May 14, 2007

  • BIALYSTOK (Bialystok), city on north-east of Poland, administrative centre Belostokskogo voevodstva. 268 thousand inhabitants (1990). A textile industry; a machine industry. Palace Branitskih (17-18 centuries).
  • BELOUS, a stem of perennial herbaceous plants of a set of cereals. 1 kind, in teploumerennom a belt of Eurasia, is brought in the Sowing. America. Promotes a swamping of meadows, fixes sands.
  • BELOUSOV Vladimir Vladimirovich (1907-90), the Russian geologist, corresponding member AN the USSR (1953). The main transactionses on a tectonics and tektonofizike. Has worked out a concept development of earth crust, founded on primacy of vertical motions.
  • BELOUSOV Ivan Alekseevich (1863-1930), the Russian writer, the poet. One of chiefs " Surikovskogo the literary - musical a mug ". Verses and stories for children. Memories. Books " Literary Moscow " (1926), " Left Moscow " (1927), " Literary nests " (1930).
  • BELOUSOV Leonid Georgievich (r. 1909), the Hero of Soviet Union (1957), the major (1945). In Great Domestic war in a fighter aviation, the mate of the regiment commander. After a heavy wound to him legs have been amputated. Has returned on front, has committed 30 sorties, participat in air breakages.
  • BELOUSOVA Lyudmila Evgenjevna (r. 1935), sportsmenka (figure skating on skates), the deserved master of sport (1964). Up to 1979 vein in the USSR, then in Switzerland. CHempionka Olympic Games (1964 and 1968), the world and Europe (1965-68), the USSR (1965-1968) in a pair figure skating from O.A.Protopopovym (the first owners of golden medals of Olympic Games and the world in a history of a domestic pair figure skating).
  • BELOH (Beloch) Charles Julius (1854-1929), the german historian of antiquity. Activities on socio economic attitudes of the greko-Roman world; in the analysis of sources the adherent giperkrititsizma.
  • BELOHVOSTIKOVA Natalia Nikolaevna (r. 1951), the Russian actress, the national actress of Russia (1984). With 1976 in Theatre - studio of a film actor. State premiums of the USSR for roles in films " For lake " (1971) and "Shore" (1985). The premium of a film festival in Karlovyh Pitches (1970) for the best women role (film " For lake "). It was taken out in films: " the Legend of the Tylosis " (1976), "Teheran - 43" (1980), "Zmeelov" (1985), " Ten flying ex rights correspondence " (1990), in TV movies: " Red and black ", " Small tragedies ", etc.
  • BELOTSARSK, the title Kyzyl - capitals of Tuva up to 1918.
  • BELOTSVETOV Nikolay Nikolaevich (1892-1950), the Russian poet. With nach. 1920th in emigration (Germany, Estonia, Latvia). Collections of verses "Wild honey" (1930), "Rustle" (1936), "Crop" (1950). Transfers.
  • BELOTSERKOVSKY the AGREEMENT, between the Ukrainian cossacks and Polish government (18.9.1651, White Church) after Berestetskoj battles. Recovered an authority shljahty on Ukraine. It is cancelled in 1652.
  • BELOTSERKOVSKY Oleg Mihajlovich (r. 1925), the Russian scientist, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; corresponding member AN the USSR with 1979). The main transactionses on theoretical and applied aerodynamics, calculus mathematics. The lenin premium (1966).
  • BELOYARSK, city (with 1988) in the Russian Federation, Hunts - Mansijsky autonomous region. Landing stage on r. Kazym. 18,4 thousand inhabitants (1992). A crude production.
  • BELUGAS, a stem of fishes of a set sturgeon. 2 kinds. A beluga - a migratory fish a bass. Black, Azov, Caspian and Adriatic seas. Length of a body up to 4-5 m, mass up to 1 t and more (it is routinely significant less). Valuable object of a craft and cultivation. The hybrid of a beluga with a sterlet (bester) is received. In a bass. r. Amur - kaluga.
  • BELUDZHI (samonazv. - baloch), people in Pakistan (4 million person) and Iran (over 1,4 million person, 1992). Live also in Afghanistan, Turkmenii (28,3 thousand person, 1992) and Arabian countries. An aggregate number 5,7 million person (1992). Tongue beludzhsky. Believers - moslems - sunnity.
  • BELUCHISTAN, historical range in Asia, in a southeast of plateau of Iran. St. 0,5 million êì2. In Middle Ages the terrain of Beluchistan was included in the different states. In 18 century it is joint under an authority of Nasir-khan Beludzha. In it is grey. 19 century. The Great Britain has subordinated Vost. Beluchistan. In 1849-57 Zap. Beluchistan is included in Iran. At education of Pakistan Vost. Beluchistan in 1947-48 was included in his structure.
  • BELUCHISTAN, province in a western part of Pakistan, for the Arabian m. of 347 thousand êì2. The population 4,6 million person (1983). Adm. ts. - Quetta.
  • BELUDZHSKY TONGUE, tongue beludzhej, falls into to the Iranian group indoevropejskoj families of a language In Pakistan and Afghanistan writing on the basis of Arabian schedules. In the USSR in 30th of 20 century writing has been built on the basis of latin the schedules, not received distribution.
  • To BEL - ORIZONTI (Belo Horizonte), city in a southeast of Brazil, an administrative centre pieces. Minas-ZHerajs. 2,1 million inhabitants (1991, with suburbs 3,5 million). Center of mining area (iron, manganese ores, gold). Iron and steel industry, a chemical, tanning, alimentary, textile industry. Universities. It is based in 1895.
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