Monday, May 14, 2007

  • BENIN-CITY (Benin City), city in Nigeria, an administrative centre pieces. Bendel. 203 thousand inhabitants (1991). The wood-working and chemical enterprises. Art handcrafts (a wood carving, an ivory). University. Bliz Benin City - a crude production. A unique collection of a bronze sculpture of 15-17 centuries.
  • BENI - SUEJF, city and port in Egypt, on r. Nile, an administrative centre muhafazy Beni Suef. 174 thousand inhabitants (1991). Textile, a flavoring industry.
  • BENI - HASAN, settlement in Compare. Egypt, bliz which ok. 30 rocky tombs of aboriginal governors (21-20 centuries up to n. e.) with porticoes; inside - paintings and reliefs.
  • BENKA (Benka) Martin (1888-1971), the Slovak painter. One of ancestors of Slovak art of 20 century. The monumental poetic scenes of country life plump in loose postimpressionisticheskoj to a manner.
  • BENKENDORF Alexander Hristoforovich (1781 or 1783-1844), columns (1832), the Russian statesman, the general from a cavalry (1832). The participant of depressing of revolt of decembrists. With 1826 chief of gendarmes and the main chief of the Third branch.
  • BENN (Benn) Gottfried (1886-1956), the german writer. Edged under the form ekspressionisticheskaja (the collection "Morgue", 1912), later the extremely nigilistic (the collection of "Distilling", 1953) lyrics; story "Ptolomeets" (1949).
  • BEN - NEVIS (Ben Nevis), the highest top of the Great Britain (1343 ì) in Grampians.
  • BENNETITOVYE, the order (or a class) extinct treelike gymnosperms. Meet in adjournments of the upper Carbon - the upper chalk, are especially numerous in triase, jure and lower to a chalk. Managing minerals.
  • BENNETT (Bennett) Arnold (1867-1931), the English writer. Bytopisatelskie novels from life of the English province " Anna from five cities " (1902), " the Story about aged women " (1908). The satirical novel "Lord Rejngo" (1926); short stories.
  • BENNY Arthur Ivanovich (1839-67), the Russian revolutionary, the journalist, the British citizen. With 1861 in Russia distributed issuings of the Free Russian seal. On " to process 32 " it is deported abroad. In Garibaldi order under Mentonoj it is lethally wounded.
  • BENNIGSEN Leonty Leontjevich (1745-1826), columns (1814), the Russian commander, the general from a cavalry (1802). The participant of assassination of emperor of Paul I. In 1807 commanding by army in war with France, has been battered under Fridlandom. In Domestic war in August - November of 1812 acting chiefs of a general staff of army, it is dismissed for intrigues against M.I.Kutuzov.
  • BENONI (Benoni), city in the republic of South Africa, suburb of Johannesburg. 95 thousand inhabitants (1985.) Center of production of gold. Iron and steel industry. The machine-building, metal-working enterprises.
  • BENT (Bent), group of the Netherlands and Flemish artists working in Rome in 17 century (also SHildersbent, Bentvegels - migrants). It is based in 1623 Babjurenom, Bohr, van Larom, etc. Entered in Bent received a characteristic nickname. Almost all team members represented bambochchatu.
  • BENTAL, the range of water reservoirs colonized with ground organisms, dwelling on a ground or in his strata (benthos).
  • BENTAM (Bentham) George (1800-84), English botanik, foreign corresponding member Petersburg AN (1872). The writer (together with Dzh. Gukerom) the review of all stems of seed plants.
  • BENTAM Jeremiah (1748-1832), the English philosopher, the sociologist, the lawyer. An ancestor of philosophy of a utilitarianism.
  • BENTON (Benton) Thomas Heart (1889-1975), the American painter. The representative regionalizma. Bridging symbolics and naturalism of the scene from life of " the mean West " (" July midday ", 1943).
  • BENTONITES, colloidal the clay, consisting basically from minerals of group montmorillonita. Will be derivated at change of volcanic tuffs and ashes in conditions of a seabed. Use for preparation of drilling fluid, as smectites, etc.
  • BENTHOS (from grech. benthos - depth), set of the organisms dwelling on a ground and in a ground of a bottom of water reservoirs. The marine benthos ministers nutrition to many fishes and other water animal, and also is used by the person (napr., algae, oysters, crabs, some fishes).
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