Monday, May 14, 2007

  • BENGELSKOE FLOW, cold flow Atlantic ok., for western coasts JUzh. Africa, passing from a southeast on northwest; boreal branch of Western Winds of flow.
  • BEN - GURION David (1886-1973), the prime minister and Minister of Defence of Israel in 1948-53, 1955-63 (with a rest in 1961). One of organizers and the leader (1930-65) social-democratic parties MAPAI.
  • BENDA (Benda), family of the Czech musicians of 17-18 centuries. Are most known: Frantishek (Frants) (1709-86), the violinist and the composer (tool compositions), and Jirzhi (George) (1722-95), the composer, the violinist, the conductor. Melodramas (" Ariadna on Naxos ", 1775; "Medea", 1775, etc.), zingshpili (" Rural fair ", 1775; " Romeo and Dzhuljetta ", 1776, etc.), cantatas, concordances, etc.
  • BENDERY (Bender) (Bendery), city in Moldova, landing stage on r. Dnestr. A railway junction. 133 thousand inhabitants (1991). Mild, flavoring, a woodworking industry. A machine industry (software "Moldgidrolizmash"; factories: "Electroinstrumentation", cable, sudoremontno-ship-building, etc.). An Istoriko-study of local lore museum, picture passageway. It is based in 15 century as strength, up to 1538 and in 1918-40 called Tigina.
  • BENDERY - ABBAS, city and a port in the south of Iran, an administrative centre ostana Hormozgan. 202 thousand inhabitants (1986). An international airport. Fish canning, hlopkoprjadilnye, the ship-building enterprises.
  • BENDZHEDID SHadli (r. 1929), the president of Algeria in 1988-92. The chairman of a consignment Front of national discharging in 1988-91 (with 1979 secretary general). The colonel (1969).
  • BENDZIN (Bedzin), city in Poland, in Verhnesilezskoj agglomerations. 76,2 thousand inhabitants (1990). A coal mining, a machine industry, nonferrous machine industry. A study of local lore museum in the clasp of 14 century.
  • BENDI (English bandy), the title of bandy adopted in an international sporting nomenclature on ice.
  • BENDIGO (Bendigo), city in the south of Australia. Ok. 50 thousand inhabitants (1984). A meat and textile industry.
  • BENDIDA (Bendis), frigijskaja the goddess of the moon. In Other. Greeces it was identified with Artemis. In Athenes the holiday in its honour - bendidii annually managed, in Piraeus there was a temple of the goddess.
  • BENEVENTO (Benevento), in the south Apenninskogo p-ova langobardsky dukat (duchy) in 2-nd floor. 6-8 centuries (the centre - Benevento); in 8 century - 1077 principate (principality), in 1051 Roman dads which have recognized a supreme authority; in 1077-1860 (with a rest in 1798-1815) papal possession. In 1860 terrain Benevento has departed to the Sardinian kingdom.
  • BENEDEN (van Beneden), Belgian zoologists, father and the son: 1) Pierre Zhozef van (1809-94), the member (1842) and the president with 1881) Belgian AN, foreign corresponding member Petersburg AN (1869). Transactionses on an embryology of Invertebrata and parasitologies... 2) Edward van (1846-1910), foreign corresponding member Petersburg AN (1902). Transactionses on an embryology of Invertebrata and cytomorphologies.
  • BENEDETTI (Benedetti) Mario (r. 1920), the Uruguayan writer. In realistic stories, plays, stories " who from us " (1953), novels "Breather" (1960), " Thanks for ogonek " (1965), " Birthday Huana Anhelja " (1971) - acute social criticism of the modern moral. Verses, literaturovedcheskie compositions.
  • BENEDETTI MIKELANDZHELI (Benedetti Michelangeli) Arturo (r. 1920), the italian pianist. 1-n the premium at International competition of musicians - initiators in Geneva (1939). Taught in a number of italian conservatories. Goes on tour (in the USSR in 1964).
  • BENEDIKT XIII (Benedictus) (in world Pjetro Franchesko Orsini, Pietro Francesco Orsini) (1649-1730), a dad Roman with 1724. The outlet box of dominican order, a cardinal bird (1672), archbishop Chezeny (1680) and Benevento (1686). In 1725 has called the Lateran cathedral, has confirmed the bull "Unigenitus", condemning jansenizm.
  • BENEDIKT XIV (Benedictus) (in world Prospero Lambertini, Prospero Lambertini) (1675-1758), a dad Roman with 1740. Diocesan of Ancona (1727), a cardinal bird (1728), archbishop of Bologna (1731). Enjoyed authority for roman catholic and Protestant governors of Europe. In bulls " Ex quo singulari " and " Omnium sollicitudinum " has denounced missionary practice of jesuits in India and China. The writer of probe about a history and the order beatifikatsii and canonizations in the Latin church.
  • BENEDIKT XV (Benedictus) (in the world marquis Dzhakomo della Kjeza, Giacomo della Chiesa) (1854-1922), a dad Roman with 1914. With 1878 on papal diplomatic service, archbishop of Bologna (1907), a cardinal bird (1914). Selected a dad after a month after the beginning of 1-st world war, has made some abortive attempts to reach the world, protested against not humane methods of warfare.
  • BENEDIKT NURSIJSKY (Venedikt, Benedictus) (mind. 543), the founder of religious order of benedictines. For founded to them of a monastery in Monte-Kassino has written the Charter which has formulated philosophy of a cenobium and in many respects defining build life of western monasticism. Memory in the Latin church on July, 11 and on March, 21, in Orthodox - on March, 14 (27).
  • BENEDICTINES, members of roman catholic religious order, founded ok. 530 Benediktom Nursijskim in Italy. Were especially influential in 10-11 centuries.
  • BENEDIKTOV Vladimir Grigorjevich (1807-73), the Russian poet, corresponding member Petersburg AN (1855). Lyrical verses in romantic spirit. The collection of "Poem" (1835) had a tremendous success.
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