Monday, May 14, 2007

  • BERNAL (Bernal) John Desmond (1901-1971), English physics and the public figure, foreign member AN the USSR (1958). Transactionses on a X-ray structural analysis; probes of structure of metals, proteins, hormones, viruses, liquids. Activities on naukovedeniju. The president - initiator of Presidium of World Advice of the World (1959-65). The international Lenin premium (1953).
  • BERNANOS (Bernanos) George (1888-1948), the French writer, the publicist. In novels " Under the sun of the Satan " (1926), " the Diary of the village priest " (1936), "Mister Uin" (1940, it is published in 1943), etc., baring crisis " european showers " (unbelief, a spiritual bankruptcy, individualism), the criticism of a state of the art of the world is conducted from the point of view of religious - ethical (roman catholic) items.
  • BERNARD (Bernard) Klod (1813-78), the French physiologist and the pathologist, one of founders of experimental medicine and an endocrinology, the foreign member Petersburg AN (1860). Classical probes of function of a pancreatic gland and its role in digestion. Has discovered education of a glycogen in a liver. Transactionses on an innervation of vessels, endocrine glands, a carbohydrate metabolism, electrophysiologies. Has entered concept about an internal environment of an organism.
  • BERNARD (Bernhardt) Sarai (1844-1923), the French actress. In 1872-80 in " Komedi Fransez ", in 1898-1922 headed " Theatre of Sarai Bernard " (Paris). Tragedijnye and melodramatic roles in plays Gjugo, the Djuma-son, Rostana, etc.
  • BERNARD (Bernard) Zenon (1894-1942), chairman KP of Luxembourg in 1921-40, one of its organizers. After occupation of country by a german troops (1940) supervised in a underground over activity of Communist Party. It arrested gestapo, has died in prison.
  • BERNARD SHARTRSKY (mind. Up to 1130), the philosopher - sholast, the master and chancellor Shartrskoj of school. The higher brother Tjerri Shartrskogo. The primate of morals above learning (" without ethics there is no philosopher ") settled.
  • BERNARDEN DE SEN-PER (Bernardin de Saint-Pierre) Jacque Anri (1737-1814), the French writer. Russoistskie ideas in the novel " Pol and Virginia " (1788), a satiriko-philosophical story " the Indian hut " (1791), stories " Suratskaja a coffee house " (1791).
  • BERNARDIN SIENSKY (Bernardino da Siena) (1380-1444), the italian priest, the outlet box - franciscan. Has acquired popularity the sermons (with 1406) across all boreal and mean Italy with call-up to moral updating; the zealous champion of honoring of a name of Jesus.
  • BERNARDINES, see in an item. Cistercians.
  • BERNAT (Bernath) Aurel (1895-1982), the Hungarian painter and the schedule. The writer constrained on I blossom, emotional genre scenes, landscapes, wall paintings.
  • BERN - DZHONS (Burne-Jones) Edward (1833-1898), the English painter and risovalshchik. Prerafaelit. Resorting to a stylization of italian painting 15 century, wrote lyrical patterns on themes of medieval legends (" Love among debris ", 1893).
  • BERN (Borne) Ludwig (1786-1837), the german publicist and the literary critic. Struggled with feudal reaction, nationalism, filisterstvom (" Letters from Paris ", 1832-34; pamphlet "Mentsel-frantsuzoed", 1837); one of ideologists of " Pullet Germany ".
  • BERNEM Dzh., see Bernhem Dzh.
  • BERNES Mark Naumovich (1911-69), the Russian actor, the national actor of Russia (1965). It was taken out in films: "Fighters", " Two fighters ", " the Third impact ", etc. The Popular crooner, the propagandist of the modern songs. The state premium of the USSR (1951).
  • BERNET (Burnet) Frenk (1899-1985), the australian virologist and the immunologist. Has described the causal organism of a ku-fever. Transactionses on ecology of viruses. One of writers t. n. The klonalno-selection theory of immunity. Probeed mechanisms of autoimmune diseases. The Nobel Prize (1960, together with P.B.Medavarom).
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