Monday, May 14, 2007

  • The BELGOROD FEATURE, defensive line (Ahtyrka - Tambov) on austral border of Russian state in 17 century for protection from Crimean the tartar. Cities - strengths Belgorod, Voronezh, the Bench and other reinforced areas entered. With progression of borders of Russia on the south has lost value.
  • BELGRAD (Beograd) (Beograd), capital of Yugoslavia and Serbia. 1,6 million inhabitants (1991). A port on Danube, at a lockin of Sava. An international airport. A machine industry, chemical, textile, mild, wood-working, a food-processing industry. International fairs. Serbian AN, university. Under the Serbian title Belgrade is known from 9 century. In 1 century up to n. e. - 4 century n. e. At-sight Belgrade - Roman. Singidunum. In 1521-1806 under an authority of Turkey (in 1688-90, 1717-39, 1789-91 possessed Gabsburgi). With 1806 capital of the Serbian principality (from 1882 kingdoms). In 1813-30 under an authority of Ottoman empire. With 1918 capital of the Kingdom of Serbs, horvatov and Slovenes (with 1929 Yugoslavia). In 1942-92 capital of Federative National Republic Yugoslavia (with 1963 Socialist Federative Republic Yugoslavia). Residues of Roman, medieval Serbian and turkish strengthening. Mosques of 17 century, houses of 18-19 centuries. In 1950-80-Õ sooruzheny housing estates (the area Is new. Belgrade, etc.) .
  • The BELGRAD BATTLE, 14-22.7.1456, between the Hungarian and turkish troops under walls of Belgrade during extirpation of Hungary against turkish conquerors. Turks have sufferred a defeat that has delayed their progression to Hungary up to 1521.
  • The BELGRAD MIR [18 (29) .9.1739, Belgrade], has finished russko-turkish war 1735-39. Russias is reset Azov.
  • The BELGRAD UNIVERSITY, in Serbia, is based in 1863. In 1990 over 57 thousand students.
  • BELEBEJ, city (with 1781) in the Russian Federation, Bashkiria. A depot. 5,6 thousand inhabitants (1992). Factories: woodworking machines, "Autonormal"; a meat-packing factory, a dairy. A crude production. It is known with 1757.
  • BELEV, city in the Russian Federation, the Tula region, landing stage on r. Oka. A depot. 18,2 thousand inhabitants (1992). Factory of machines and devices for a railway transport; the alimentary enterprises. An artistic - study of local lore museum. It is known with 1147.
  • HENBANE, stem of one and biennial grasses of a set of a nightshade family. Ok. 20 kinds, in Eurasia, Africa and on the Canary islands. The henbane black is toxicant; a weed. An extract from leaves use in medicine (spasolytic, soothing).
  • BELENDZHER, ancient city in Dagestan. Till 8 century one of capitals Hazarskogo kaganata. In Belendzhere Russian merchants lived. There was at-sight the modern Buinaksk.
  • BLEACHING, the same, that potching.
  • BELET-TSERI, in akkadskoj mythologies the goddess - scribe in a kingdom dead.
  • BELETSKAJA Irina Petrovna (r. 1933), Russian chemists - organics, the academician Russian AN (1992). The main transactionses on electrophilic substitution in a number of organometallic compounds, chemistry of carbanions.
  • BELETSKY Alexander Ivanovich (1884-1961), the Ukrainian and Russian literary critic, academician AN of Ukraine (1939). AN the USSR (1958). Activities under Russian, Ukrainian, West-European, antique literatures, under the theory of the literature.
  • BELZ, city (with 1951) on Ukraine, the Lvov region. A depot. 2,5 thousand inhabitants (1991). The alimentary enterprises. It is known with 1030. Near to. Belz - production of mineral coal.
  • LEUCORRHEA, reinforced secretion of the secret quite often changed (krovjanistye, purulent leucorrhea), from women sexual organs. An attribute of inflammatory and other diseases of sexual organs.
  • BELIZE, city and port in the state Belize. 45 thousand inhabitants (1992). An international airport. Alimentary and a woodworking industry. Fishery.
  • BELIZE (Belize), the state in Central America, in eastern part p-ova Yucatan. 23 thousand êì2. The population of 204 thousand person (1993), primarily beliztsy (Negros and mulattoes, mongrels, Indians). A urban population ok. 47 % (1992). The official language - English. Among believers primarily protesters, are roman catholics. Capital - Belmopan. Enters into Commonwealth. The chief of state - queen of the Great Britain, introduced the general - governor. The body of legislation - two-chamber National assembly. The terrain Belize from an antiquity was populated by Indians, in nach. 16 century it is conquered by Spaniards and has become their colony. With 1862 colony of the Great Britain under the title Honduras British. In 1964 has received internal self-management. With 1973 country has become officially to call as Belize. In September 1981 independence of Belize is professed. A large part of terrain of Belize - low silted plain, on a southwest of mountain Majja (an altitude up to 1122 m, peak Victoria). Climate tropical trade-wind. Monthly mean temperatures 25-27 °C. A rainfall ok. 2000 mm annually. The main rivers: Rio-Ondo and Belize. Tropical forests (40 % of terrain) and savannahs. Belize - agrarian country. A lobe in a gross internal product (1992, %): an agriculture, fishery - 20,1, an industry 16,4. Manufacture of the electric power 124 One million kVtch (1992). Main cash crops - a cane, citrous. Timber loggings kampeshevogo a tree, red, a slash pine. A craft of lobsters. Length of motorways - 2,5 One thousand in km (1990). Export: a Saccharum - raw material, a treacle, citrous, a fish and marine products, forest products. The main foreign trade partners: the USA, the Great Britain, Canada. Foreign tourism. Monetary unit - dollar of Belize.
  • WHITEWASH, satins white for all kinds of paints and enamels, a staining of gum, plastics materials, papers. Are most distributed zinc (ZnO) and titanium (TiO) whitewash.
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