Monday, May 14, 2007

  • BERNETT (Burnett) Frensis Eliza (1849-1924), the American writer. Moralizing prose about children: the novel " Small lord Fauntleroj " (1886), the story " Small princess " (1905).
  • BERNI (Berni) Antonio (1905-81), the Argentina painter. In 30th one of founders of social art of " new realism " in Argentina (" Midnight above the world ").
  • BERNI (Berni) Franchesko (ok. 1497-1535), the italian poet - satirist, vysmeivavshy in sonnets of hypocrites, dads, tyrants; the creator of a parody genre "bernesko"; political judgments Berni are expressed in poem Bojardo processed by him " In love Roland ".
  • BERNI (Burney) CHarlz (1726-1814), the English historian of music, the organist, the composer. Development of the musical art connected to other parties of art and public life. The main transactionses " the Overall history of music " (1776-89). Cantatas, tool products, etc.
  • BERNINA (Bernina), the highest (up to 4049 ì) a hills in Eastern Alpes.
  • BERNINI (Bernini) Lorentso (1598-1680), the italian architect and the sculptor. The representative of Baroque. Architectonic products strike regional scope, splendor a decora, dynamics of forms, perspective and luminous effects (a collonnade of the area of a cathedral over. Peter in Rome, 1657-63). Precipitancy of motion, combination of a religious airs with ekzaltirovannoj sensitivity (" Apollo and Dafna ", 1622-25 are inherent in sculpture Bernini; " Ecstasy over. Terezy ", 1644-52).
  • BURNS Robert (1759-96), the Scottish poet. Has created original poetry in which has glorified transactionses, people and freedom, selfless both self-denying love and friendship. Satirical antichurch poems " Two shepherds " (1784), " the Pray svjatoshi Villi " (1785), the collection " the Poems written predominary on the Scottish dialect " (1786), a patriotic hymn " Bruce - to Scots ", a cantata " Cheerful beggars ", civil and love lyrics (poems " the Tree of freedom ", " John the Barleycorn ", etc.), drinking songs. Has collected and has preformed to the issuing of product of the Scottish poetic and musical folklore with which his poetry is closely related.
  • BURNSIDE (Burnside) William (1852-1927), the English mathematician. The main transactionses on mathematical physics, theories of probabilities, algebra. Has entered (1891) into algebra of group of linear fractional transformations complex variable. Has published in 1897 monography in which has stated the abstract group theory.
  • BERN INTERNATSIONAL, it is based in 1919 right-centrist leaders broken with nach. 1-st world war Internatsionala of 2-nd. Integrated social-democratic parties of Austria, the Great Britain, Germany, Italy, France, etc. In February 1921 some social-democratic parties have quitted from Bern internatsionala and have formed centrist " Internatsional 2 1/2-® ", aggregated in May 1923 with Bern internatsionalom in the Socialist worker internatsional.
  • BERNSON (Berenson) (Berenson) Bernard (1865-1959), the American historian of art. The master atributsii; for the first time has defined stylistic features of schools of painting of italian Revitalization and creativity of many artists.
  • BERNSTEIN (Bernstein) Leonard (1918-90), the American conductor, the pianist and the composer. Conducted many orchestras, in 1958-69 main conductor of the New York philharmonic orchestra. The first initiator of many compositions of the modern American composers, including natural music. Ballets, concordances, musicals (" Vestsajdskaja a history ", 1957, etc.), music for kino, etc.
  • BERNOULLI (Bernoulli), the family of the Swiss scientists given of outstanding mathematicians.
  • BERNOULLI (Bernoulli) Iogann (1667-1748), the foreign honorary member Petersburg AN (1725), brother Jakoba of Bernoulli. Transactionses on infinitesimal calculus and a calculus of variations.
  • BERNOULLI the THEOREM, one of limiting theorems of a theory of probabilities; the elementary event of law of large numbers, falls into to distribution of frequency deviations of occurrence of some random event from his probability at independent tests. J.Bernulli (it is published in 1713) is established.
  • BERNOULLI the EQUATION, binds speed and a stream pressure of a theoretical incompressible liquid at steadied flow. Bernoulli an equation expresses an energy conservation law of a driving liquid. It is widely applied in hydraulics and technical hydrodynamics. It is introduced by D.Bernulli in 1738.
  • BERNHARD (Bernhard) Thomas (1931-89), the Austrian writer. Grotesque - satirical plays (" the Holiday for Boris ", 1970, etc.) and novels ("Icy cold", 1963, "Insanity", 1967, "Proof", 1975, " Aged masters ", 1985, "Cutoff", 1986). In the play " Before an output on pension " (1979) and memoirs - anti-fascist moods.
  • BERNHEM (Bernem) (Burnham) James (1905-87), the American sociologist, one of writers of the theory of administrative revolution on which the authority in the modern society passes to a new class control (the maximum engineers, managers). The critic of marxism and socialism.
  • BERNSTEIN Nikolay Aleksandrovich (1896-1966), Russian nejro-and psihofiziolog, corresponding member AMN (1946). Bernstein probes on physiology of motion - the theoretical basis of the modern biomechanics, his some ideas have anticipated a number of rules of cybernetics. The writer of the book " About construction of motions " (1941). The state premium of the USSR (1948).
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