Tuesday, May 15, 2007

  • BLAGOVESHCHENSK, city (with 1858) in the Russian Federation, the centre of the Amurense region, a port on r. Amur, at a lockin r. Zeya. A depot. 241 thousand inhabitants (1992). A machine industry (manufacture of the equipment for ore mining and a gold-mining industry; ship-building and other factories; manufacture of electric appliances, etc.), wood-working, mild, a food-processing industry. 4 high schools. 2 theatres. A study of local lore museum. It is based in 1856 as Ust-Zejsky a military post.
  • BLAGOVESHCHENSK, city (with 1941) in the Russian Federation, Bashkiria, landing stage on r. White. 28,2 thousand inhabitants (1992). Reinforcing, it wire - gvozdilnyj factories, etc. It is based in 1756.
  • The BLAGOVESHCHENSK Vasily Timofeevich (1801-64), the Russian publicist, the critic of a serfdom in Estonia. The main transactionses - " the Estonian and his mister ".
  • BLAGOVO Dmitry Dmitrievich (in monasticism Pimen) (1827-97), archimandrite Tolgskogo of a monastery, the prior of Russian ambassadorial church in Rome. The writer of the book " Stories of the grandmother " (1878-80), tongue of the family legend narrating about a household activities and crop of Russia 18 - 1-st floor. 19 centuries. The collection " Spiritual poems " (1875). Compositions on a history of Russian orthodox church.
  • GRATEFUL, city (with 1971) in the Russian Federation, Stavropol kr. A depot. 29,9 thousand inhabitants (1992). A flavoring industry.
  • GRACE, mountain on Compare. Ural, bliz. Kushva. Production of iron oxide. An altitude (prior to the beginning of development) 364 m. See. Goroblagodatskie iron-ore deposits.
  • BLAGOEV Dimitr (1856-1924), the figure of revolutionary movement in Russia and Bulgaria. In 1883 has based in Saint Petersburg social-democratic Blagoeva group. The organizer (1891) Bulgarian social-democratic parties, in 1903 - consignments tesnjakov, in 1919 - Communist Parties.
  • BLAGOEVA GROUP, the first social-democratic organization in Russia (Saint Petersburg, 1883-87, with 1884 nazanie " the Consignment Russian social-democratic "). Up to 30 person, primarily students. Chiefs - D.Blagoev, A.P.Latyshev, V.G.Haritonov, N.P.Andreev. Communication with group " Discharging of transactionses ". Ok. 15 working circles (up to 150 person), a underground printing house, the newspaper "Worker". It is routed by police.
  • BLAGOEVGRAD (up to 1950 Hearths - Dzhumaja), city on a southwest of Bulgaria. 60 thousand inhabitants (1989). Tobacco, alimentary, wood-working, machine-building, furniture, cotton industry. A balneal health resort.
  • BLAGONRAVOV Anatoly Arkadjevich (1894-1975), the Russian scientist, academician AN the USSR (1943), the general - lieutenant of artillery (1943), doubly the Hero Socialist Transactionses (1964, 1974). Transactionses on mechanics and ammunition arms. The lenin premium (1960), the State premium of the USSR (1941).
  • RARE GASES (noble gases), chemical elements: helium Not, neon Ne, argon Ar, krypton Kr, xenon He, radon Rn; fall into to VIII group of a periodic system. Monoatomic gases without colour and an odor. In small amounts are present at air, are contained in some minerals, natural gases, in a dissolved kind - in water. Are found also in atmospheres of planets - jumboes. Up to 1962 were considered absolutely chemical inert, however a number derivative Ar, Ne, Xe, Kr and Rn (ftoroksidy, fluorides, connections of inclusion) later is received.
  • NOBLE TRUES, the fundamentalses of Buddhist doctrine open by the Buddha at the moment of the Clarification and formulated by him in four statements.
  • NOBLE METALS, gold, silver, platinum and platinum metals (ruthenium, rhodium, a palladium, osmium, iridium). Have reagent resistance, refractoriness (except for Au and Ag), beautiful exterior in items (from here the title).
  • NOBLE CORAL (red coral), marine sedentary colonial animal order gorgonary. Dwells on depth of 10-200 m in Mediterranean m. and Atlantic ok. (in area of the Canary islands). Of a skeleton do dressings.
  • RED DEER, a cloven-hoofed animal of a set of deers. The length of a body up to 2,5 m, weighs up to 340 kg. For samtsa branchy horns. A number of a subspecies (the Altay maral, izjubr, etc.), in the Sowing. To Africa, Europe (excepting north-east), Asia (excepting a north), a moderate belt the Sowing. America. It is acclimatized in Australia, It is new. Zealand, JUzh. To America. Object of a hunt (meat, a leather, horns); in a number of places the hunt is forbidden. 8 subspecies in the Red Data Book of International Soyuz of nature protection. Marals and izjubrej cultivate in reindeer-breeding economies (pullet horns - panty annually cut).
  • BLAGOSVETLOV Grigory Evlampievich (1824-1880), the Russian publicist and the journalist. The member " the Earth and will " 1860th. The publisher - editor of log-books " the Russian word ", "Business".
  • WELFARE, coverage of the population necessary material and spiritual goods, i.e. subjects, services and the conditions satisfying fixed human requirements. Welfare expresses system of the parameters defining a standard of living.
  • CHARITY, rendering of material aid requiring both separate persons, and organizations. Charity can be directed also on encouragement and development of any socially significant forms of activity (napr., environmental protection, a protection of monuments of crop).
  • BLAGOCHINIJA JUSTICE, a police organ in capitals and provincial cities of Russian empire in 1782 - kon. 19 century (were occluded gradually). Carried into execution orders of aboriginal administration and judgements, managed a urban accomplishment (up to 1870) and trade. Had some judicial functions on small-sized criminal and to civil cases (up to 1864).
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