Tuesday, May 29, 2007

  • BODO (Baudot) Jean Moris Emil (1845-1903), the French inventor. Has created first practically fit system of repeated serial signalling (baudot apparatus) on the basis of a five unit code (Baudot code); it is put into operation in 1877 on a line Paris - Bordeaux. See. Baud.
  • BODONI (Bodoni) Dzhambattista (1740-1813), an italian eight-toothed engraver beetle. With 1768 supervised over a printing house in Parma. Has created a number{series} of topping drawings of fonts. The writer " Guidings on a printing house " (the issuing 1818).
  • BODRICHI (obodrity), the union of nations polabskih slavs of 8-12 centuries in the lower flow of Laba (Elba), and also the nation heading this union.
  • BODROV Sergey Vladimirovich (r .1948), the Russian film director, the scripter. In 1975-80 log-books special the correspondent "Crocodile". The writer of collections of stories and feuilletons. Since 1990th in the USA. At kino with 1984. One of leaders of the Russian kino 1980-90-Õ, accents attention to problems of youth. Has delivered films: " Sweet juice inside a grass " (together with A.Alpievym), "Nonprofessionals" (1985), "SIR" (1989), " the Caucasian captive " (1996, a nomination on the premium "Oscar"), etc.
  • BODUEN DE KURTENE (Baudouin de Courtenay) Ivan Aleksandrovich (1845-1929), Russian and Polish jazykoved, corresponding member Petersburg AN (1897). The founder of the Kazan linguistic school. First has justified the theory of phonemes and phonetic alternations{sequences}, has differentiated diahroniju and synchronism, considering them in continuous communication{connection}. Has rendered major influence on development of general linguistics. Transactionses on slavonic linguistics, Russian and Polish tongues. Has edited and has supplemented " the Explanatory dictionary of alive great russian tongue " V.I.Dalja (3 issuing, 1903-09; 4 issuing, 1912-14).
  • BODH-GAJA, a place of the Clarification of the Buddha; is in a valley of Ganges.
  • BODHI, in the Buddhism the Clarification, achievement of the maximum true.
  • BODHI the TREE, a sacred tree of the Buddhism under which the Buddha has found the Clarification.
  • BODHISATVA (bodisatva) (Sanskrit: what nature - a clarification), in the Buddhism of a Mahajana a theoretical entity which, as against arhata hinajany, acts first of all as the trainer and a sample for other people, master them on ways of moral perfecting to achievement of a nirvana. In the basis{fundamentals} of ideal Bodhisatva in a Mahajana - a space principle of a connectedness of all entities the relative{mutual} compassion and mutual aid.
  • THISTLE, stem dvu-or perennial grasses with acanthous leaves of a set of a thistle family. St. 200 kinds{views}, in Boreal hemisphere. Many kinds{views} - honey plants, a thistle field - a malicious weed. Some kinds{views} call as a sowthistle.
  • The BATTLE MACHINE of the INFANTRY, armoured caterpillar, less often the wheel, as a rule, swimming machine in a motorized-rifle (motor-infantry) troops. Has appeared in 1960th. Crew 2-3 persons; 6-9 motostrelkov. Arms: a pappus and 1-2 machine guns; can have an anti-tank guided weapon. Speed of 65-100 km/h. Allows to conduct crocked eggs not leaving from the machine.
  • BATTLE ORGANIZATION of EXTREMISTS, the Petersburg group of insurgents built by Soyuz of extremists in May 1906 for organization of a terror and expropriations as a permanent asset of extirpation with autocracy. St. 30 members led by M.I.Sokolovym. Had some warehouses of weapons, workshops on manufacturing charges and documents, secret dwelling units; has organized attempts at baron A.V.Kaulbarsa commanding by the Odessa military district and P.A.Stolypina; expropriation of money of a port customs. Has broken up in April 1907.
  • BATTLE ORGANIZATION ESEROV, the organization built by a consignment eserov in nach. 1900th for extirpation with autocracy by a terror against the most odious representatives of a ruling clique. In structure of organization from 10 up to 30 insurgents led by G.A.Gershuni, since May 1903 - E.F.Azefom. Has organized terroristic acts against Minister of Internal Affairs D.S.Sipjagina and V.K.Pleve, the Kharkov governor of prince I.M.Obolensky and Ufa - N.M.Bogdanovicha, grand duke Sergey Aleksandrovicha; prepared attempts at Nikolay II, Minister of Internal Affairs P.N.Durnovo, Moscow general - governor F.V.Dubasova, priest G.A.Gapona, etc., not comprised because of provokatorskoj activity Azefa. Exposure Azefa has become the cause of demoralization and afterwards dissolution of organization. In 1911 has declared self-dissolution.
  • The BATTLE ENGINEERING GROUP at a Central Committee of the Russian social-democratic working consignment, supervised over battle teams of workers and military organizations of bolsheviks during Revolution 1905-07, headed L.B.Krasin.
  • " BATTLE CORE ", the association of the Leningrad artists releasing lithographed military, political posters and collections of satirical drawings in 1939-40 and 1941-45; with 1956 - posters and drawings on international and household themes. In-process " the Battle core " artists I.S.Astapov, G.S.Verejsky, V.I.Kurdov, G.N.Petrov, V.A.Serov, N.A.Tyrsa, etc., poets V.M.Sajanov, N.S.Tihonov participat, etc.
  • BATTLE FORMATION, arrangement (tactical construction) subdividings, parts and connections of different service arms (stems of forces) with their means of the intensifying, built for a conduct of combat. Basic elements of a battle formation of connections and parts - flight levels (it is routine 1-2), ammunition groups and reserves.
  • BATTLE AXES of CROP, non-proprietary name of archeologic crops of a serotinal{late} neolith - a bronze age (2-n a floor. 3-rd - 1-n a floor. 2-nd thousand up to n. e.) in a forest belt of Europe (see. Srednedneprovskaja crop, Fatjanovskaja crop, etc.). Glazed{polished} battle axes, string ceramics (other title - string ceramics of crop), burials in skorchennom a rule{situation;position} are characteristic stone sverlenye. An economy: cattle breeding, agriculture.
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