Tuesday, May 29, 2007

  • BOJER (Bojer) JUhan (1872-1959), the Norwegian writer. Realistic novels from life of workers " Great famine " (1916), " the Last viking " (1921) and " People for starving " (1929). Memoirs ("Pupil", 1942, "Young man", 1946), short stories.
  • CROCKED EGGS - ZHELENSKY (Boy-Zelenski) (an ice-film. fam. ZHelensky) Tadeush (1874-1941), the Polish writer. Satirical couplets "Slovechki" (1911); transfers{translations} of products{creations} French klassikov " the Library of Crocked eggs " (ok. 100 volumes), a biographic essay.
  • BOJI, group of the Celtic nations living in last eyelid up to n. e. On a part of terrain of Czechia (from here the title - Bohemia), Tirolja, the Sowing. Italy.
  • BRISKLY Vladimir Ivanovich (r. 1926), the Russian sociologist corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; corresponding member AN the USSR with 1987). Transactionses on the modern social development of peoples of Siberia, the North, the Far East, social steering.
  • BRISKLY Ivan Nikiforovich (1910-75), doubly the Hero of Soviet Union (1944, for difference at discharging. Kazatin, Chernovtsy and boosting rr. Dnestr and Prut), the colonel (1944). In Great Domestic war the commander tank a shelf and brigades.
  • BOYCOTT (English boycott, on behalf of the English control C.K.Bojkota concerning whom for the first time in 1880 irish leasers this measure has been applied), 1) the form political and economic struggle, reputes the full or partial arrest of attitudes{relations} with a separate face, organization, the enterprise, napr. Failure{refusal} to employ, purchase production of the given enterprise... 2) In international attitudes{relations}, under the UN Charter, - one of enforcement measures (without application of armed forces) for maintenance of the world. Consists of failure{refusal} of the state to keep in touch with any state or group of the states... 3) (Peren). The arrest of attitudes{relations} with somebody in a mark of the protest against something.
  • HEATER BOILER (English boiler - the boiler), the device for a warming water in system of a heating and a hot-water supply.
  • BOJL (Boyle) Robert (1627-91), the English chemist and physics, one of founders of the London royal society. Has formulated (1661) first scientific definition of a chemical element, has entered into chemistry an experimental method, has laid foundation to a chemical analysis. Promoted a becoming of chemistry as sciences. Has placed{installed} (1662 one of gas laws (law Bojlja - Mariotta).
  • BOJLJA - MARIOTTA the LAW, product{creation} of volume of the given mass of ideal gas on his{its} pressure permanently at a constant temperature; R.Bojlem (1662) and by E.Mariottom (1676) is established{installed} separately.
  • BOJM (Boym) Mihal (1614-59), Polish botanik and the traveller. Composition Bojma " the Flora of China " (1656) has laid foundation to "floras" as to a kind{view} of the botanical literature.
  • LOOPHOLE, aperture in a shore fortification for a delivery of fire from a small arms.
  • BOJOMA (Boyoma) (up to 1983 Stanleys), cataracts on r. Congo (Zaire), between. Ubundu and Kisangani, in Zaire. Seven large thresholds general fall over 40 m on a plot ok. 150 m.
  • BOYES (Beuys) Joseph (1921-86), the german artist, one of the most authoritative avant-gardists of Germany of second half of 20 century. Worked in a manner fljuksusa. His{its} schedule{chart}, installation, performances proniknuty sensation of total catastrophe, disintegration, but simultaneously express an ideal of the strong creative person permeating this disastrous nonsense.
  • BOISE (Boise), city in northwest USA, an administrative centre pieces. Idaho. 126 thousand inhabitants (1990, with suburbs over 200 thousand inhabitants). Wood-working, a food-processing industry; manufacture of computer facilities and a small arms. University.
  • BOJSEN-JENSEN (Boysen Jensen) Peter (1883-1959), the danish physiologist of plants. Activities on study of growth and development of plants, products of a photosynthesis, tropisms. Probeed metamorphosises{transformations} of Saccharums at respiration of plants. Has proved (1910) availability for plants of growth hormones. The writer of the first report on aucsins (1938).
  • The BOY SCOUT (from English boy - the boy and scout - the scout), see in an item. Skautizm.
  • BOJTO, Boito (Boito) Arrigo (1842-1918), the italian composer, the poet (psevd. Tobia Gorrio, Gorrio). Opera " Ìåôèñòîôåëü " (1868), etc. The Libretto of operas, including "Otello", "Falstaf" Verdi.
  • BOJCHUK Michael Lvovich (1882-1939), the Ukrainian painter. In searches of new monumental style, acute expressiveness reverted to traditions of art of Early Revitalization, Ukrainian ikonopisi, resorted to a stylization and arhaizatsii modes{images} (paintings of sanatorium in Odessa, 1928). The professor Ukrainian AH (1917-22) and the Kiev art institute (1924-36). It is repressed; it is rehabilitated posthumously.
  • SIDE (Bok) Bart Dzhon (1906-83), the American astronomer. Together with American astronomer E.F.Rejli has discovered (1947) in ranges zvezdoobrazovanija small dark nebulosity of the circular form, encased in light nebulosity, - a globule the Sides hardly absorptive light and bound with an initial stage of formation of asters.
  • SIDE (Boñk) Teodor a background (1880-1945), the german commander, general - field marshal (1940). In 2-¯ world war "North" commanding by an army group in Polish and an army group "ü" in French campaigns, an army group "Center" (till December 1941) and "South" (till July 1942) on the sovetsko-German front.
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