Wednesday, May 16, 2007

  • BONCH-BRUEVICH Michael Dmitrievich (1870-1956), the Russian commander, the general - lieutenant (1944), the doctor military and engineering science. Brother V.D.Bonch-Bruevich. In 1-¯ world war the chief of headquarters and vrid the commander-in-chief of Boreal front. After October revolution the chief of headquarters of Supreme commander in chief in 1917-18, the military chief of the Maximum military council, the chief of Field headquarters RVSR. Transactionses on tactics and geodesies.
  • BONCH-OSMOLOVSKY Glebas Anatoljevich (1890-1943), the archeologist and the anthropologist. Probeed a paleolith and mezolit Crimea. Has discovered in fuselage spine fairing Kiik-Koba burial of the neanderthal man and his instrument (1923-24). The main transactionses about an early paleolith, a technique of archeology.
  • BONDS (from an armour. bonus - good, convenient), 1) near-term liabilities of exchequer, city governments and private concerns. Change token coins... 2) the Impregnated-paper money, become invalid a legal tender; a subject of collecting.
  • BONDS, in military science - buoyant obstacles for protection of a stall of the ships or the important structures (bridges, dams, etc.) from penetration of the ships, torpedoes and swimming mines of the opponent.
  • BONJAK (? - after 1167), polovetsky khan. Wared against Russia and Byzantium. In 1096 has broken environs of Kiev. Participat in civil strifes of Russian princes. In 1107 and 1167 it is battered by Russian troops.
  • BOP (English bop), the jazz style which has been usual to the beginning of 1940th. It is known also under titles "bibop", "bibap". Bop has come in the stead of a swing, having arisen as a new, experimental direction of a Negro jazz of small bands. The major tendencies - remodelling of an aged jota - jazz, innovation in range melodiki, rhythmicities, harmonies, forms, etc. an indicative means. Bop it is considered the first considerable style of the modern jazz.
  • BOPP (Bopp) Frants (1791-1867), german jazykoved, foreign corresponding member Petersburg AN (1853). One of osnovatelej comparative-historical study indoevropejskih tongues and comparative linguistics; has published a number of old indian texts and transfers.
  • MILLETGRASS (dr .-èñë. born), in the Scandinavian mythology one of gods - grandparents, the son pervocheloveka Storms, father Odina.
  • MILLETGRASS, city (with 1938) in the Russian Federation, the Nizhniy Novgorod region, on r. Volga. It is paired by the automobile bridge to. N.Novgorod. A depot (Mossy Mountains). 64,5 thousand inhabitants (1992). A machine industry (the ship, port, trade equipment), a glass industry. It is known from 14 century.
  • MILLETGRASS, city in republic Serbia. 35 thousand inhabitants (1981). A copper-smelting industry. In area of Bohr - one of the largest mednorudnyh areas of country. It is developed with 1903. Vulkanogenno-sedimental, medno-pyritic deposits. A major deposit - a milletgrass with known reserves of ores 90 million t. At mean content Cu of 1,5 %. Common stocks of area 3 million t copper. Production underground and open by ways.
  • MILLETGRASS, pine forest on sandy and stony soils; sometimes with an impurity of a birch, almost without a underwood.
  • MILLETGRASS (an armour. Borum), In, a chemical element of III group of a periodic system, atomic number 5, atomic weight 10,811. The title from pozdnelat. borax - a bore. Colourless, adamantine crystals (because of impurity serovato-black); firmness 2,31 - 2,35 g / sm3, tïë 2074 °S. At routine temperature it is chemical inert. In a nature meets primarily by the way borates. Apply as a component corrosion-resistant and high-temperature alloys, composites (including boroplastikov), alloys to control devices of nuclear reactors, and also for borating.
  • MILLETGRASS (Bohr) Nils Henrik David (1885-1962), danish physics, one of creators of modern physics. The founder (1920) and the chief of Institute of theoretical physics in Copenhagen (Institute Nilsa of Bohr); the creator of world scientific school; foreign member AN the USSR (1929). In 1943-45 worked in the USA. Has created the theory of atom in which basis have lain epicyclic atomic model, quantum submissions and offered him of Bohr postulates. The important activities under the theory of metals, theories of an atomic kernel and nuclear reactions. Transactionses on philosophy of natural sciences. The active participant of extirpation against nuclear threat. The Nobel Prize (1922).
  • MILLETGRASS Oge (r. 1922), danish physics. Son N.Bora. One of writers of the generalized model of an atomic kernel. The Nobel Prize (1975, together with B.Mottelsonom and Dzh. Rejnuoterom).
  • MILLETGRASS Harald (1887-1951), danish mathematician. Brother N.Bora. Transactionses under the theory of almost-periodic functions.
  • MILLETGRASS BLACK, the emergency tax in the Novgorod ground from ground and crafts. It was nominated in 2-nd floor. 14 - 15 centuries grand duke Moscow for payment of a tribute to Golden Horde.
  • MILLETGRASS (ital. bora, from grech. boreas - boreal wind), the aboriginal strong (up to 40 - 60 ms) a cool wind in some maritime areas where low-level mountain hrebty adjoin on a warm sea (napr., on Adriatic a shore of Slovenia bliz Trieste, on Black Sea a shore in area of Novorossisk). It downcast on downslopes, it is routinely marked in the winter.
  • MILLETGRASS CARBIDE, B4C, black crystals; it is decomposed above 2450 °S. On hardness concedes only to diamond and white graphite. Abrasive and a grinding material, a neutron absorber in nuclear reactors, a semiconductive material.
  • MILLETGRASS the MAGNETON, see in an item. A magneton.
  • MILLETGRASS NITRIDE, BN, crystals. White updating is applied to obtaining high refractories, stratifils, as a semiconductive material, a dry film lubrication for bearings, a neutron absorber in nuclear reactors. Black updating (borazon) with tïë 3200 °S on hardness is close to diamond; it is used as abrasive.
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