Thursday, May 17, 2007

  • BORES Andrey Konstantinovich (1900-57), the Russian architect, the inventor, Dr.Sci.Tech. Has developed designs krupnoblochnyh (1939-41) and large-panel (1948-49) residential buildings, a way of manufacturing of glass-fiber anisotropic building timbers (1956).
  • DRILLING TOWER, structure (routinely a metalwork) above a chink for descent and rise of a drilling tool, casing pipes, zabojnyh engines. An altitude routinely up to 60 m.
  • BUCKET WELL, see. A chink boring.
  • DRILL RIG, the complex of the equipment intended primarily for construction of chinks. Distinguish fixed, movable, self-propelled and transportable drill rigs.
  • DRILLING SHIP, buoyant structure for off-shore drilling of chinks; it is equipped with a slot at the centre of a body above which the drilling tower is established, and special system for deduction of a vessel above hole mouth.
  • DRILL-RING, the machine, content on a self-propelled ramp or a smoke wagon, used for boring vertical and slope, basically explosive, chinks.
  • BUROZUBKI, a stem of mammals of a set of shrews. Length of a body of 4-9 sm, a tail 2,5-8 see. Coronas of tooths reddish - brown. 50-65 kinds, in Eurasia, the Sowing. To America and boreal part JUzh. America. The Burozubka-crumb - one of the most small mammals, weighs ok. 2 2 kinds are guarded.
  • BUROP (Burhop) Eric Genri Stonli (1911-80), English physics and the public figure. The president of World federation of science officers (with 1970). Transactionses on nuclear physics and fundamental particles. The international Lenin premium (1972).
  • BUROS (Boras), city on a southwest of Sweden. 102 thousand inhabitants (1991). The large centre textile and a tailoring industry; a machine industry.
  • BURSA (Bursa) (Balk), city in northwest of Turkey, an administrative centre ilja Bursa. 835 thousand inhabitants (1990). Textile, alimentary, cement, car assembly and a woodworking industry. University. It is based in 2 century up to n. e. (under title Prusa). With 1326 Bursa the first capital of the Osmanli (turkish) state. Mosques Orhanbeja (nach. 14-15 centuries), Ulu-dzhami (14 - nach. 15 centuries), Eshil-dzhami (15 century); mausoleum Eshil-tjurbe (15 century).
  • BURSA (from sr .-eyelid.s of an armour. bursa - an ascus), a hostel for poor students at medieval universities; in Russia up to 1917 - at spiritual schools and seminaries.
  • BURSIAN Victor Robertovich (1886-1945), Russian physics. Transactionses on thermodynamics, physics of crystals, geophysics. It is repressed; it is rehabilitated posthumously.
  • BURSITIS, inflammation okolosustavnyh mucous ascuses at repeated bruises, abrasion, penetration of an infection, etc.
  • BURSKY TONGUE, the same, that afrikaans.
  • BURSTIN TSelestin Leonovich (1888-1938), mathematician, academician AN Byelorussian SSR (1931). Up to 1929 cable cores in Austria. With 1929 professor of the Byelorussian university in Minsk and it is simultaneous (with 1931) the director of Physicotechnical institute AN Byelorussian SSR. Transactionses on a differential geometry and differential equations, theories of distributive groups. It is repressed; it is rehabilitated posthumously.
  • BURTASY, the breeding union of 5-11 centuries in Compare and N.Povolzhje. An agriculture, a hunt. Since 7 century under authority Hazarskogo kaganata, then the Kiev state. Are assimilated volzhsko-kamskimi bolgarami and other peoples of the Volga region.
  • BURTIN Jury Grigorjevich (r. 1932), the Russian critic, the publicist. The broad public resonance was received with his activities " About chastooshkas " (1968), " to you, from other pokolenja... " (1987), " Substantial criticism yesterday and today " (1987), etc. The Managing editor of newspapers " the Democratic newspaper " (1991, together with I.M.Kljamkinym), " Civil thought " (1993). The collection of points " the Capability to object " (1988).
  • To BORE (Buru), a mountainous island in arh. Islands Molukkskih, in Indonesia. 8,8 thousand êì2. An altitude up to 2429 m. The wet tropical forests. Main city - Namlea.
  • BURUNDI, Republic Burundi (frants. Republique du Burundi), the state in Vost. To Africa. 27,8 thousand êì2. The population 5,66 million person (1993); rundi (ethnosocial groups - hutu, tutsi, pygmies - tva). A urban population of 6,3 % (1990). Official languages - rundi and French. Ok. 80 % of believers - christians (basically roman catholics), a part hold on to aboriginal traditional convictions. Administrative territorial division: 15 provinces. Capital - Bujumbura. The chief of state - the president. The body of legislation - unicameral National assembly. It is located on a tableland (an altitude 1500-2000 ì) which western edge is raised up to 2670 m. A subequatorial climate. Monthly mean temperatures 15-20 °S, in kickdowns 23-25 °S. A rainfall from 800 up to 1600 mm annually. The rivers a bass. Nile (Ruvuvu, Akanjaru) and Congo (Malagarasi, Ruzizi). An eskar. Tanganyika. Secondary savannahs. National parks Kivira, Ruzizi, Ruvuvu; wildlife reserves. In 18 century. There was a state Burundija. In kon. 19 - nach. 20 centuries the terrain Burundii has been seized by colonialists; with 1903 terrain Burundii is included in the German Eastern Africa. After 1-st world war Burundija - a constituent part (under title Urundi) Belgian mandated, about 1946 trust territories Ruanda - Urundi. Since July 1962 independent kingdom Burundija. Since November 1966 republic. In 1987-93 authority in Burundii was in arms of Interim committee of national salvage. In 1992 the new constitution is adopted. In 1993 general election on the multi-party basis were comprised. Burundija - agrarian country. A lobe in a gross national product (1991, %): an agriculture 48,5, an industry 13. Cash crops: coffee, a cotton, tea. Animal husbandry. Fishery (in an eskar. Tanganyika). Manufacture of the electric power 99 million in kw of a h (1992). The enterprises on a thorough revision of agricultural production; textile, cement, sawing factories. Length of motorways of 6,3 thousand in km. Railways no. Navigation on an eskar. Tanganyika (a main port - Bujumbura). Export: coffee, a cotton, tea, cottons. The main foreign trade partners: Germany, the USA, France, the Great Britain. Monetary unit - burundijsky franc.
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