Thursday, May 17, 2007

  • BORING, process of a structure of a mining output (a bore hole, a bucket well, less often than a hole, the pump shaft) predominary a circular section in earth crust for study of a geologic structure, searches, investigation, production of mineral wealths, engineering - geologic surveys, etc. The hole drilling in synthetic materials (concrete, etc.) Is applied. The main boring method - mechanic.
  • BURENIN Victor Petrovich (1841-1926), the Russian writer. Satirical verses, parodies, pamphlets, literary criticism: in 1860th - in democratic issuings, later - in the newspaper " New time ". Since 1890th Burenin name has become a numeral of reactivity journalism. The story, stories, plays, memories.
  • TURNING BROWN, the river on the Far East the Russian Federation, the left-handed in-leak of Amur. It will be derivated by interflow rr. Dextral and the Left-handed Bureya. 623 kms, the area of basin of 70,7 thousand êì2. Average discharge of water 940 m3 / with, maximum - 18100 m3 / with. Driveable. It is navigable on 197 kms from a mouth.
  • BURZH (Bourges), city in Central France, an administrative centre of department Sher and historical range of Berry. 79 thousand inhabitants (1990). An aircraft industry. Cathedral Sent-Etjenn (ok. 1190 - ok. 1280), Gothic and Renaissance houses (including. Jacque Kera, between 1443-51).
  • BURZH (Burge) John of a Henry (r .1933), the American architect. Worked together with F.Dzhonsonom above designing of multistory public buildings, basically, in Chicago and New York.
  • BURZHE (Bourget) Pol Charles Zhozef (1852-1935), the French writer. In numerous novels (including "Pupil", 1889) denied humanity of reason, contrasting him religious moral. Verses, an essay, literary criticism.
  • BURZHELA (Bourgelat) Klod (1712-79), the French scientist, one of founders of veterinary science in France, the organizer of the first veterinary schools in Europe (napr., in Lyons, 1761), the member Parisian and Berlin AN.
  • The BOURGEOIS (frants. bourgeois) (burgher), the town-dweller in countries of Europe in Middle Ages; representatives of a class of bourgeoisie.
  • The BOURGEOIS (Bourgeois) Leon (1851-1925), the French statesman, the lawyer. Took a number of portfolios in government of France, in 1895-96 - the prime minister. In 1917 it is appointed as the chairman of the French commission on study of a capability of building of League of the Nations. Has put forward idea about necessity to resolve disputes and conflicts between countries with the help of international arbitration.
  • BOURGEOISIE (frants. bourgeoisie - town-dwellers), public proprietary classes of the capital, receiving incomes as a result of trade, industrial, credit and financial, etc. enterprise activity. Has arisen in conditions traditional (feudal, etc.) Societies, as a result of revolutions and reforms of 16-20 centuries has acquired the considerable economic and political influence, promoted the statement of an industrial society and market economy, values of liberalism and democracy. The modern bourgeoisie in developed countries actuates: large financial and industrial bourgeoisie to which the maximum layer control borders on; the considerable layer of the middle class aligning possession by the capital and enterpreneurial functions; petty bourgeoisie. In less developed countries formation of miscellaneous layers of bourgeoisie is connected to process of remodelling of a society. In countries where the socialist mode has been established, the bourgeoisie has been liquidated as a class. In a number of such countries during a becoming of market economy and a civil society the social layer of private owners and businessmen is revived. See also the Postindustrial society.
  • STORMS (dr .-èñë. the parent), in the Scandinavian mythology mighty pervochelovek, arisen in the beginning of the world from salinous stones coated with hoarfrost which were luck with cow Audumla. Father of Bohr, grandfather Odina.
  • BURIAN (Burian) Emil Frantishek (1904-59), the Czech producer, the composer, the playwright. In 1933 theatre " ä-34 " (Prague) where put ostropoliticheskie the performances decided by a new scenic means has based. Within fascist occupation has been encased in concentration camp.
  • BURIDAN (Buridan) Jean (ok. 1300 - ok. 1358), the French philosopher - sholast, the representative of a nominalism, promoted distribution to France doctrines Okkama and of some natural-science ideas.
  • DRILLING HAMMER (punch), impactor (routinely air-operated) for a hole drilling (sometimes chinks). Are divided on manual (mass of 10-30 kg) and core (50-70 kg). A version core - teleskopnye (30-50 kg), are used for a hole drilling and chinks bottom-up.
  • BOUTS-RIMES (frants. bouts rimes - the rhymed cleaning cloth), verses on the given rhymes; the popular form society " mild poetry " 17-18 centuries.
  • BURINSKY the AGREEMENT, between Russia and China (called on r. A bore, to in-leak r. Argun; 20.8.1727), determined the Russian - Chinese border from saddle-point SHabin-Dabata (Western Sayan mountains) up to r. Argun (area of mound Abagajtu). Articles Burinskogo of the agreement have come in Kjahtinsky the agreement.
  • BURINSKY Eugeny Fedorovich (1849-1912), the scientist - criminalist, the creator first in Russia specialized criminalistic establishment - the St.-Petersburg judicial - dark-room. (1889). Transactionses on criminalistics and expert testimony in court.
  • BURIHIN Igor Nikolaevich (r. 1943), the Russian poet. With 1978 in emigration in Germany. The poetry is noted by a paradoxicality of comparisons and metaphoricalness, search of a new means of expressiveness (a collage, etc.), tendency to discharging of literary tradition. Collections of verses: " Wash the dwelling the word " (1978), " Metamorphosises on air tracks " (1981), " the Ode to the Major She-bear, etc. " (1991).
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