Tuesday, May 15, 2007

  • The BOY SCOUT (from English boy - the boy and scout - the scout), see in an item. Skautizm.
  • BOJTO, Boito (Boito) Arrigo (1842-1918), the italian composer, the poet (psevd. Tobia Gorrio, Gorrio). Opera " Ìåôèñòîôåëü " (1868), etc. The Libretto of operas, including "Otello", "Falstaf" Verdi.
  • BOJCHUK Michael Lvovich (1882-1939), the Ukrainian painter. In searches of new monumental style, acute expressiveness reverted to traditions of art of Early Revitalization, Ukrainian ikonopisi, resorted to a stylization and arhaizatsii modes (paintings of sanatorium in Odessa, 1928). The professor Ukrainian AH (1917-22) and the Kiev art institute (1924-36). It is repressed; it is rehabilitated posthumously.
  • SIDE (Bok) Bart Dzhon (1906-83), the American astronomer. Together with American astronomer E.F.Rejli has discovered (1947) in ranges zvezdoobrazovanija small dark nebulosity of the circular form, encased in light nebulosity, - a globule the Sides hardly absorptive light and bound with an initial stage of formation of asters.
  • SIDE (Boñk) Teodor a background (1880-1945), the german commander, general - field marshal (1940). In 2-¯ world war "North" commanding by an army group in Polish and an army group "ü" in French campaigns, an army group "Center" (till December 1941) and "South" (till July 1942) on the sovetsko-German front.
  • BOKAZH (frants. bocage - a grove), a cultural landscape - alternation of small fields and meadows wood and fruticose strips (primarily in France).
  • BOKANHEL-I-UNSUETA (Bocangel y Unzueta) Gabriel (1608-58), the spanish poet. Collections of baroque sonnets and romances of "Poem" (1627), " Collection of verses " (1635).
  • BOKARIUS Nikolay Sergeevich (1869-1931), the judicial physician and the criminalist. The founder of the Ukrainian Institute of expert testimony in court.
  • BOKARO (Bokaro - Stil-Siti), city in India, pieces. Bihar. 351 thousand inhabitants (1991). State integrated iron-and-steel works (it is constructed with assistance of the USSR).
  • BOKY Boris Ivanovich (1873-1927), the scientist in range of mining science. The founder of an analytical design technique of mines. The main transactionses " the Practical course of art of mine " (a volume 1-3, 1914).
  • BOKY George Borisovich (r. 1909), the scientist kristallograf, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; corresponding member AN the USSR with 1958). Son B.I.Bokija. The main transactionses on crystal chemistry of minerals and histories of crystallography.
  • BOKKALINI (Boccalini) Trajano (1556-1613), the italian writer. The satirical plotting of political and literary life (" Informations from Parnassus ", 1612-13).
  • BOKKACHCHO (Boccaccio) Giovanni (1313-1375), the italian writer, the humanist of Early Revitalization. Poems on scenes of antique mythology, psychologic story "Fjammetta" (1343, it is published in 1472), pastorals, sonnets. In main product "Decameron" (1350-53, it is published in 1470) - the book of realistic short stories, proniknutyh humanistic ideas, spirit of latitudinarianizm and antiklerikalizma, neprijatiem ascetical moral, cheerful humour, - a polychromatic panorama of tempers of an italian society. A poem "Crow" (1354-55, it is published in 1487), the book " Life Dante Aligjeri " (ok. 1360, it is published in 1477).
  • BOKKERINI (Boccherini) Luigi (1743-1805), the italian composer and the violoncellist. Promoted development of kamerno-tool genres and the concordance. Concerts for a violoncello with an orchestra, ok. 30 concordances, tool sonatas, bands, etc.
  • BOKLEVSKY Konstantin Petrovich (1862-1928), the Russian engineer - shipbuilder. In 1898 has offered to apply oil-engines of internal combustion on courts. Has introduced the investment in development teplohodostroenija. The organizer and decane (1902-23) first in Russia shipbuilding faculty of the St.-Petersburg polytechnic institute.
  • BOKL (Buckle) a Henry Thomas (1821-62), the English historian and the sociologist, the representative of geographycal school to sociology. The main transactionses " the History of a civilization in England " (1857-61; Russian transfer in 1861).
  • SIDES Ahmet Hamievich (r. 1924), the Ingush writer, the national writer of Checheno-Ingushetiya (1977). Novels " Sons Beki " (kn. 1-2, 1967-69), " Crimson zori " (1974), " the Aster among asters " (1978). Stories, stories.
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