Wednesday, May 16, 2007

  • BRONTE (Bronte), the English writers, sisters: 1) Charlotte (psevd. Karrer Bell, Currer Bell) (1816-55) - social - psychologic novels " Dzhen Ejr " (1847), "SHerli" (1849...2) Emili (1818-48) - the novel " the Thunderstorm saddle-point " (1847), proniknutyj romantic attitude... 3) Anna (1820-49) - the autobiographical novel " Agnes the Gray " (1847).
  • BRONTOSAURS, the same, that apatozavry.
  • BRONTOTERII, a stem of extinct perissodactyl mammals. Lived in paleogene, in the Sowing. To America and Eurasia. Are similar on rhinoceroses. An altitude up to 2,5 m.
  • BRONCHUSES (from grech. bronchos - a trachea, a trachea), tubular pneumatic branches trachea. The wall of bronchuses actuates cartilaginous rings or a plate. All bronchuses, branching up to bronchioles, compound the unified bronchial tree conductive air at an inhalation and an expiration. A basic disease of bronchuses - a bronchitis.
  • BRONCHIAL ASTHMA, see. An asthma bronchial.
  • BRONCHIOLES, final smallest branchings of bronchuses in pulmonary slices, free of a cartilage and passing in alveolar courses of lungs.
  • BRONCHITIS, disease of a respiratory organs of the person and animal with a defeat of a wall of bronchuses. For the person distinguish a bronchitis acute and chronic. Attributes: tussis with a sputum, a fervescence, a short wind. Principal causes: infections, professional a harmfulness, smoking, refrigerating.
  • BRONCHADENITIS, inflammation of intrathoracic lymphonoduses (is more often at turebkuleze).
  • BRONCHOGRAPHY, method of a X-ray inspection trachea and bronchuses after introduction in them of radiopaque substance.
  • BRONCHOPNEUMONIA, the same, that a focal pneumonia.
  • BRONCHOSCOPY (from bronchuses and... skopija), research technique of wind - pipes with the help of a bronchoscope (a metal tube with optical and lighting systems) which introduce through companies into a trachea and bronchuses.
  • BRONSTEIN David Ionovich (r. 1924), the Russian chess player, the international grandmaster (1950), the deserved master of sport (1951). The participant of a world-title match from M.M.Botvinnikom (1951), tournaments of claimants (1950, 1953, 1956). The champion of the USSR (1948-49).
  • BRONJAR (Brongniart), the French scientists, father and the son: 1) Alexander (1770-1874), the geologist, the member Parisian AN (1815). Has entered concept about managing minerals and promoted building of a paleontologic method in a stratigraphy. With 1800 director Sevrskoj of porcelain factory where has organized a museum of ceramics... 2) Adolf Teodor (1801-76), botanik, foreign corresponding member Petersburg AN (1829). Transactionses on an embryology, physiologies, a taxonomist of plants, paleobotanics.
  • The ARMOUR, protective equipment of people, combat material, arms, shore fortifications from influence of a different means of a defeat. It is produced from steel, and also from high-strength aluminium alloys, plastics materials, etc. Distinguish bullet-proof and protivosnarjadnuju the armour.
  • BROSNAN (Brosnan) Peirce (r. 1952), the English film actor. After roles in films " Long good Friday " and "Lawn-mower" has become famous as the alternate initiator of a role of the superspy 007 Jamess Bonda (" the Golden eye ", 1995, producer M.Campbell).
  • DUMPING, see. Dumping.
  • BROSSE (Brosset) Maries Ivanovich (Goosefoot Felisite) (1802-80), the Russian historian, the academician Petersburg AN (1838). The native of France, in Russia with 1836. Transactionses on archeology and histories of Georgia and Armenia 5-18 centuries, histories of the Georgian and Armenian literature and tongue.
  • BROUVER (Brouwer) À., see Brouwer And.
  • BROUDE Vladimir Lvovich (1924-78), Russian physics, the doctor of physical and mathematical sciences (1963). Transactionses on spectroscopy of a solid, predominary molecular crystals. Has conducted a cycle theoretical and experimental researches of excitons in crystals. The lenin premium (1966).
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