Wednesday, May 16, 2007

  • BRUNFELS (Brunfels) Otto (1488-1534), german botanik. The writer of the first botanical atlas (" Alive plotting of plants ", t. 1-3, 1530-36). Linnej has called Brunfelsa as the father of botany.
  • BALK (rod) (in structural mechanics), the structural member, which crosscut measurements are small as contrasted to in length.
  • BRUSILOV Alexey Alekseevich (1853-1926), the Russian military figure, the general from a cavalry (1912). In 1-¯ world war by commanding 8-th army in Galitsijskoj to battle, with 1916 commander-in-chief of Southwest front, has conducted successful approach (t. n. Brusilovsky outbreak). In May - July 1917 supreme commander in chief. With 1920 in Red Army, in 1923-1924 inspector of a cavalry.
  • BRUSILOV George Lvovich (1884-1914?), the Russian explorer of Arctic regions, the lieutenant of fleet. In 1910-11 participant of hydrographic expedition on courts " Òàéìûð " and "Vaigach". In 1912-14 chief of expedition on a schooner " St.. Anna " which purpose was to pass on Boreal marine ways from Atlantic in Quiet ok. The destiny of expedition is unknown.
  • BRUSILOVSKY Eugeny Grigorjevich (1905-81), the Kazakh composer, the national actor of Kazakhstan (1936). The writer of the first Kazakh operas, orchestral products. Operas " Êûç-Æèáåê " (1934), " Er Targyn " (1936), "Dudaraj" (1953), a cantata " the Soviet Kazakhstan ", 7 concordances, etc. The Professor of the Alma-Ati conservatory (with 1955). The state premium of the USSR (1948).
  • BRUSILOVSKY OUTBREAK, see. Southwest front approach.
  • BRUCITE, mineral of subclass of oxyhydroxides, Mg (OH) 2. routinely white sheet units. Hardness 2,5; firmness of 2,4 g / sm3. Meets by the way veins in serpentinitah and mramorizovannyh limestones. Raw material for ceramic and a paper industry, refractories.
  • BRUSKIN Grigory Davidovich (r. 1945), the Russian artist formed in a race course karnavalizma. With 1989 in the USA. Has acquired popularity the " the Fundamental lexicon " (1986) where figures, the carriers of an emblem of official Soviet crop, are shown together on major tables. In consequent creativity the same principles sots-arta are bridged to elements ironical iudaiki.
  • BRUSNEV Michael Ivanovich (1864-1937), the organizer and the chief of one of the first Russian social-democratic groups (1889-92); has organized over 20 working circles, strike, SHCHelgunovskuju demonstrating, the first mayovkas 1891. With 1907 political activity has departed.
  • COWBERRY, a set of dycotyledonous plants; predominary subshrubs, bushes and low bushes. Ok. 800 kinds (35 stems), a large part in tropics and subtropics of America. To cowberry the small cranberry, a whortleberry, a cowberry, a blueberry concern.
  • BRUSSONETIJA, a stem of trees and bushes of a set of a mulberry family. 6-8 kinds, in Vost. Asia and Polynesia. Brussonetiju impregnated-paper (the impregnated-paper tree, a paper mulberry) and brussonetiju kazinoki use for obtaining a high-performance paper. Cultivate as the decorative primarily in Crimea, on Caucasus and in Compare. Asia.
  • PARAPET (a nem. Brustwehr), a small dike - a part of an entrenchment or a trench, intended as a matter of convenience at shooting, protection against bullets, debris of gears and shades from supervision of the opponent.
  • SLONE BLOCKS, road-building material by the way bars (length 15-30, width 12-15, an altitude of 10-15 sm) from strong rocks (diabase, basalt, granite, etc.). It is sometimes applied to the device of covers on most gruzonaprjazhennyh epines of automobile road paving.
  • BEAMS, gym sporting gear from 2 horizontal balks - poles fortified in 4 racks. Men compete on parallel, women - on unequal height beams.
  • BRUT Lutsy JUny, under the Roman legend, patritsy, headed revolt against Tarkvinija Proud and steady in 510-509 up to n. e. Republican build in Rome, one of the first consuls (together with Tarkviniem Kollatinom).
  • BRUT Mark Juny (85-42 up to n. e.), in Other. Rome the chapter (together with Kassiem) a plot 44 against Caesar. Under the legend, one of first has struck a blow to him a dagger. Has headed together with Kassiem republicans in extirpation with 2-nd triumvirate; having sufferred a defeat, has committed suicide.
  • BRUTALIZM (neobrutalizm) (from English brutal - rough), a direction in the architecture since 1950th, seek to maximum detection of architectonics of constructions with the help rough oshchutimosti, pointed out weightiness of architectonic forms; uses the natural pattern of the materials, exposed designs and systems of plumbing system of buildings (architects À. and P.Smitson in the Great Britain, P.Rudolf in the USA).
  • BRUTTII, one of italijskih osksko-umbrskih nations in JUzh. Italy (sovr. Calabria). In nach. 3 century up to n. e. pokoreny Rome. Allies karfagenskogo commander Gannibala during 2-nd Punic war.
  • No comments: