Sunday, May 27, 2007

  • The BYELORUSSIAN OPERATION, 23.6-29.81944, during Great Domestic war. The Soviet troops of 1-st Baltic, 3-rd, and 1-st Byelorussian fronts (general I.H.Bagramjan, general - colonel I.D.Chernjahovsky, general G.F.Zaharov, general K.K.Rokossovsky) at support the guerrilla have broken through 2-nd on many epines the defence of a german army group "Center" (general - field marshal E.Bush, then V.Model), have enclosed and liquidated large groupings of the opponent in areas of Vitebsk, Bobruisk, Vilnius, Brest and to the east of Minsk, have released terrain of Belarus and its{her} capital Minsk (on July, 3), a considerable proportion of Lithuania and its{her} capital Vilnius (on July, 13), eastern areas of Poland and have quitted on rr. Narev, Vistula and to borders{limits} Vost. Prussia.
  • BYELORUSSIAN RAD, a public authority in Belarus (July 1917 - January 1919, Minsk). In March 1918 has formed government of the Byelorussian national republic and has declared about branch of Belarus from Russia. Has come into contact piece with Ukrainian Central glad. After January 1919 acted outside republic. In October 1925 it is declared about self-dissolution rads.
  • The BYELORUSSIAN AGRICULTURAL ACADEMY, higher educational establishment, in of the Hill of the Mogilyov region, it is based in 1840. Plots experts on an agrochemistry and a pedology, agronomy, a farm mechanization, a hydromelioration, mechanization of a reclamative work, an agricultural economics, etc. In 1991 over 10 thousand students.
  • BYELORUSSIAN SOVIET ENCYCLOPEDIA (BelSE), the first generalpurpose encyclopedia in the Byelorussian tongue. The managing editor - P.Brovka. It is exhausted by Main edition BelSE (about 1981 publishing house BelSe him{it}. P.Brovki) in 1969-75 in 12 t. (12-th - is dedicated Byelorussian SSR; there is a reference volume). Has become the basis{fundamentals} for the brief encyclopedia " Byelorussian SSR " (1978-82; in 5 t., in the Byelorussian and Russian tongues) and of some other issuings.
  • BYELORUSSIAN SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC WORKING CONSIGNMENT (BSDRP), is based in September by 1917 part of the left-handed wing of the Byelorussian socialist bulk from structure of its{her} Petrograd organization. Bordered on to bolsheviks. In April 1918 members BSDRP have come in Russian KP (รก).
  • BYELORUSSIAN SOCIALIST BULK (BSG), the political party with 1902. In 1907 samoraspustilas. Has revived after February 1917. The program: a national autonomy, the municipalization of ground. Organizations BSG - in Petrograd, Moscow, Kiev, Saratov, Kazan, Tambov, Odessa, Helsinki. Central organs - " Free Byelorussia ", "Bulk". Sustained the Providing government, Byelorussian to rad. In the summer 1918 has broken up. A part of members have accepted the Soviet authority.
  • The BYELORUSSIAN MAJOR OPERA AND BALLET THEATRE, is open{discovered} in Minsk in 1933, with 1964 academic. Performances in the Byelorussian and Russian tongues.
  • The BYELORUSSIAN POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE, Minsk, is based in 1933. Plots experts on a machine industry, instrumentation technologies and robotic systems, power system, architectonic construction, etc. In 1991 ok. 24 thousand students.
  • The BYELORUSSIAN THEATRE him{it}. JAkuba Kolasa, drama, it is based in Vitebsk in 1926 (Byelorussian 2-nd state theatre).
  • The BYELORUSSIAN THEATRE him{it}. JAnki Kupaly, drama, it is based in Minsk in 1920, with 1955 academic.
  • The BYELORUSSIAN UNIVERSITY, Minsk, is based in 1921. Plots experts on physical and mathematical, chemical, biological, geographycal, historical, legal, philological sciences, an electronics engineering, journalism, etc. In 1991 ok. 17 thousand students.
  • The BYELORUSSIAN TONGUE, falls into to slavonic tongues (east - slavonic group), included in indoevropejskuju family of tongues. The official language of Belarus. Writing on the basis of cyrillics (Russian type).
  • The BELORUSSKO-LITHUANIAN ANNALS, are constituted in the Great principality Lithuanian in 15-16 centuries. It is known 3 annalistic canopies: the Annals 1446, the Chronicle of the Great principality Lithuanian and ZHomojtskogo, Chronicle Byhovtsa.
  • BYELORUSSIANS, people, the main{basic} population of Belarus (over 7,9 million person, 1992). Live also in the Russian Federation (1206 thousand person), on Ukraine (440 thousand person), in Kazakhstan (182 thousand person), Latvia (120 thousand person), Lithuania (63 thousand person), Uzbekistan (63 thousand person), Estonia (27,7 thousand person). In Poland ok. 300 thousand person. An aggregate number 10,38 million person (1992). Tongue Byelorussian. Believing Byelorussians basically orthodox, are roman catholics.
  • BELORYBITSA, a migratory fish of a set sigovyh. 2 subspecies: belorybitsa and nelma. Belorybitsa in length up to 110 sm, weighs up to 20 kg, dwells{lives} in the Caspian m., for reproduction enters into Volga and Ural. Valuable object of a craft and cultivation.
  • BIALYSTOK (Bialystok), city on north-east of Poland, administrative centre Belostokskogo voevodstva. 268 thousand inhabitants (1990). A textile industry; a machine industry. Palace Branitskih (17-18 centuries).
  • BELOUS, a stem of perennial herbaceous plants of a set of cereals. 1 kind{view}, in teploumerennom a belt of Eurasia, is brought in the Sowing. America. Promotes a swamping of meadows, fixes sands.
  • BELOUSOV Vladimir Vladimirovich (1907-90), the Russian geologist, corresponding member AN the USSR (1953). The main{basic} transactionses on a tectonics and tektonofizike. Has worked out a concept development of earth crust, founded on primacy of vertical motions.
  • BELOUSOV Ivan Alekseevich (1863-1930), the Russian writer, the poet. One of chiefs " Surikovskogo the literary - musical a mug ". Verses and stories for children. Memories. Books " Literary Moscow " (1926), " Left Moscow " (1927), " Literary nests " (1930).
  • BELOUSOV Leonid Georgievich (r. 1909), the Hero of Soviet Union (1957), the major (1945). In Great Domestic war in a fighter aviation, the mate of the regiment commander. After a heavy wound to him legs have been amputated. Has returned on front, has committed 30 sorties, participat in air breakages.
  • No comments: