Tuesday, May 22, 2007

  • CRAZE, defect of a rolled or wrought metal goods (primarily steel) by the way the thin, legiblly delineated treshchinok, located along a set of the current of metal at a strain (along a fiber).
  • VOLOSTEL, in Russian principalities (since 11 century) and in Russian state (up to it is grey. 16 century) a face heading volost and executed administrative, financial and judicial functions.
  • VOLOST BOARD, organ of aboriginal country self-management in Russia 2-nd floor. 19 - nach. 20 centuries. Comprised from volost foremen, village wardens and other officials, izbiravshihsja a volost tails.
  • The VOLOST FOREMAN, in Russia the elective official of village steering. Headed a volost tails. It was elected on 3 years by a tails, affirmed the consiliator, then zemskim the chief. Had an administrative - police authority.
  • VOLOST COURT, elective judicial country organ for an analysis small-sized civil and criminal cases in Russia 2-nd floor. 19 - nach. 20 centuries. Could sentence to corporal punishment, the fine, the short-lived conclusion.
  • VOLOST TAILS, organ of aboriginal country self-management in Russia 2-nd floor. 19 - nach. 20 centuries. Comprised of elective village and volost officials and peasants - domohozjaev. Executed restricted administrative - judicial, fiscal and police functions, it was monitored by consiliators and zemskimi chiefs.
  • VOLOST, administrative and territorial unit of Russia. In Other. Russia - all terrain of ground (principality); polusamostojatelnyj destiny; village terrain, subject to city. With kon. 14 century - a part of district. With 1861 - unit of class country steering. It has been abolished by Administrative-territorial reform 1923-29.
  • HAIR, the horn derivative leathers which are generatrix a coat for mammals and the person. Contain the pigments defining their colour. Protect a body from bruises and heat wastes. The lower storey of a coat for many mammals will derivate a undergrowth of fur. For some animal (elephants, rhinoceroses) the leather almost denuded a hair. To a hair are routinely connected grease, and sometimes and sweat glands. Many mammals in the spring and have molting in the autumn. Lifetime of a hair for the person on the average 2-4 years.
  • HAIR VERONIKI (an armour. Coma Berenices), mia maid of Boreal hemisphere; in Hair Veroniki there is visible to a naked eye a dissipated sidereal clump.
  • HAIR MITES, set of mites of order akariformnyh. Length of 0,1-0,7 mm. Stomatic organs adapted to affixion to a hair of an animal - host. 300 kinds. Parasitize in a mammalian hair fiber. Can invoke chesotkopodobnoe an irritation of a leather.
  • VOLOTOVO, village bliz Novgorod; in Volotovo a given away monument of Russian art - church of assumption of the Birth-Giver of God (1352, paintings between 1363 and 1390). An one-headed cubic temple with two frame ledges; it eroded by german aggressors, it is recovered (after 1964), including paintings.
  • VOLOF (uolof), people in Senegal (4,1 million person). Mali live also in Mauritania, Gambia, etc. The Aggregate number 4,36 million person (1992). Tongue volof. Moslems - sunnity believing main.
  • VOLOF, falls into zapadnoatlanticheskim to tongues. Writing on the basis of the latin alphabet.
  • VOLOHI (vlahi), an east - Romanesque nationality, ancestors of the modern Moldavians and the Romanian.
  • VOLOHONSKY Anri Girshevich (r. 1936), the Russian writer. With 1973 in emigration in Israel, then in Germany. To verses (collections of "Poem", 1983, " Writing-book Igrejny ", 1984) and prose (the novel "Novel - pokojnichek", 1982) are peculiar irony, a block type and parodijnost. Books " the Skin bubna ", "Form" (both 1986), etc.
  • VOLOCHAEVKA, a depot ok. Khabarovsk (nowadays urban settlement Âîëî÷àåâêà-2; 2,1 thousand inhabitants in 1991). 5-12.2.1922, during the Civil war, about Volochaevki the National - revolutionary army of Far East republic (the commanding V.K.Blucher) has broken through defensive items of a White Guard troops then has taken possession of Khabarovsk (on February, 14).
  • DRAGGING, stretching out of rolled or pressed metal preparations circular or a shaped section (primarily it is pebble, rolled wires, pipes) through an aperture portages for reduction of their lateral section or collimating by him more down sizes and a smooth surface.
  • DUAL-CHAIN DRAWBENCH, the machine for machining metals by a dragging. Will consist from portages and the withdrawal-roll facility. Distinguish mills with a rectilinear movement of metal and with winding metal (drum).
  • VOLOCHISK, city (with 1970) on Ukraine, Khmelnitskiy region, on r. Zbruch. A depot. 25,1 thousand inhabitants (1991). A machine industry, alimentary, a light industry.
  • VOLOCHNAJA POMERA, measurement and repartition of grounds in the Great principality Lithuanian on " the Charter on portages " (1557). Has strengthened feudal operation.
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