Wednesday, May 23, 2007

  • GAJSIN, city (with 1795) on Ukraine, Vinnitsa region. A depot. 26,2 thousand inhabitants (1991). A food-processing industry, etc. It is known with 1545.
  • GAJSINSKY (Haissinsky) Moiz (1898-1976), the French chemist and the organizer of scientific probes in France. Was born in Russia. With 1928 - in France. The director of the national centre of scientific probes (with 1955). One of osnovatelej radiation chemistry.
  • GAJSLER (Gejsler) (Geissler) Christian (r. 1928), the german writer, the member " Groups 61 ". dokumentalizma in anti-fascist novels "Inquiry" (1960), " It is time also to us to live features " (1976); in stories " Cool times " (1965), the novel " Bread with a file " (1973) criticism of moral and tempers of the modern society. An antinazi artistic - documentary sketch " the End of the inquiry " (in the like collection of a wireless and teleplays and speeches, 1967). Verses.
  • GAJSMAJR (Gaismair) Michael (?-1532), one of chiefs of Country war 1524-26 in Germany, headed revolt in Tirole and Salzburg. The writer " Zemskogo devices " - programs of radical restructurings in Tirole. It is killed by the mercenary sent to the Austrian government.
  • GAJTAN (Gaitan) Horhe Eljeser (1898-1948), the leader of Liberal party of Columbia with 1946, the chairman of a senate with 1947. In 1940 and 1948 entered in government. Criticized pro-American policy of government of Columbia. It is killed by political opponents.
  • GAJTLER (Gejtler) (Heitler) Walter Genrih (1904-81), physics and the chemist - theorist. Was born in Germany, with 1933 in the Great Britain, with 1949 in Switzerland. Together with F.Londonom has developed (1927) approximate method of calculation of molecule H2, than has laid foundation quantum chemistry. Has offered (1937) cascade theory of downpours in ultrarays.
  • GAKKEL Jacob Modestovich (1874-1945), the Russian engineer, the honored worker of science and technique of Russia (1940). Has designed and has constructed a number of airplanes (1909-12), a gasoline locomotive (1924).
  • GAKKEL Jacob Jakovlevich (1901-65), the Russian oceanographer, the doctor of geographycal sciences (1950). Son J.M.Gakkelja. The participant of arctic expeditions on "Sibirjakove" (1932), "CHeljuskine" (1934), etc. The bass Supervised over drawing up of the first bathymetric chart Arctic.
  • GAKKELJA the BACKBONE, a submerged backbone in the Sowing. Ledovitom ok., prolongation Sredinno-Atlantic hr. In Arctic a bass. Disjoints hollows Nansena and Amundsena. Length more than 1000 kms; a critical depth above a crops of 400 m. It is called named the pioneer of a crops J.J.Gakkelja.
  • GAKSTGAUZEN (Haxthausen) August (1792-1866), baron, the Prussian officer, the economist. In 1843 traveled across Russia. His transactionses about features Russian agronomical building and a country community have exerted influence Russian public thought is grey. 19 century.
  • GAL, unit of speedup in C.G.S. to a system of units. It is called in honour of G.Galileja, the Gal is meant. 1 Gal = 1 sm / s2.
  • GAL (Gall), in shumero-akkadskoj the mythologies demons of the underground world unceasingly pursuing the victims to deliver them in a kingdom dead.
  • GALAASIJA, city (with 1982) in Uzbekistan, Bukhara region, in 9 kms from zh.-d. An item. Bukhara II. 11,8 thousand inhabitants (1991).
  • GALAGAN Ignatius Ivanovich (? - ok. 1748), the Ukrainian cossack colonel. The participant of Boreal war 1700-21 on the party of Russian troops. In 1709 has blasted Zaporozhye Sech.
  • GALAZY Grigory Ivanovich (r. 1922), Russian botanik and the aquatic biologist, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1992). The main transactionses on guarding and intelligent use of natural resources of Baikal.
  • GALAZOV Ahsarbek Hadzhimurzaevich (r. 1929), the Russian statesman, the president of Republic Boreal Ossetia - Alanija (1994). In 1976-90 rector of the North-Osetiya state university him. K.Hetagurova. In 1990-94 chairman of a Supreme Soviet North-Osetiya SSR. In 1993-95 deputy of Council of Federation of Federal assembly of the Russian Federation. With 1995 member of Federal assembly.
  • GALAKSY (Galaksios) (grech. Milk), in Other. Greeces - a Milky Way, milk, spilled the Hero in that moment when she has repelled baby Gerakla, under protest goddesses enclosed in its breast.
  • GALAXY (from grech. galaktikos - milky), sidereal system (spiral galaxy) to which the Sun belongs. The galaxy contains not less than 1011 asters (total mass of 1011 masses of the Sun), an interstellar material (gas and a dust which mass compounds some percents of mass of all asters), ultrarays, magnetic fields, radiance (photons). The majority of asters takes volume of the lenticular form a diameter ok. 30 thousand pk, concentrating to a plane of symmetry of this volume (a galactic plane) and to the centre (t. n. The flat subsystem of the Galaxy). The minority of asters fills in almost orbicular volume in radius ok. 15 thousand pk (t. n. The orbicular subsystem of the Galaxy), concentrating to the centre (nucleus) of the Galaxy which is from the Earth in a direction of mia maid Streltsa. The sun is located near to a galactic plane apart ok. 10 thousand pk from the centre of the Galaxy. For the earth look-out the asters concentrating to a galactic plane, drain in a visible pattern a Milky Way.
  • GALAXIES, huge (up to hundreds billion asters) sidereal systems; to nymas our Galaxy concerns, in particular. Galaxies are sectioned on elliptical (Å), spiral (S) and improper (Ir). The galaxies nearest to us - Magellanovy Clouds (Ir) and nebulosity of the Andromeda (S). Galaxies are distributed nonuniformly, derivating clumps.
  • GALAKTION Vologda (in the world prince Gabriel Ivanovich Belsky) (mind. 1612), the hermit, prepodobnomuchenik, damaged from Polish conquerors. At-sight his exploits the monastery is based Vologda Piously - Duhovsky. Memory in the Orthodox church on September, 24 (on October, 7).
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