Wednesday, May 23, 2007

  • GALLIPOLI PENINSULA, in an european part of Turkey, between prol. Dardanelles and Sarosskim a hall. Egejskogo m. Length of 90 kms. An altitude up to 374 m. Port Gelibolu. During 1-st world war in 1915 on Gallipolskom p-ove the operation was conducted Dardanellskaja.
  • GALLITSIZMY (from an armour. gallicus - gallic), words and the expressions borrowed from the French tongue ("compliment", "muffler", "fullface") or derivated on a model of the French words and expressions ("influence" on a sample frants. influence).
  • GALL GNATS, set of hexapods of order of diptera. Length of 1-5 mm. Ok. 4000 kinds, are distributed widely. Larvas of some kinds develop in plant tissues, invoking education of cecidiums (from here the title). Some, napr. A Hessian fly, harm to cultivated plants and a wood.
  • GALLIC (an armour. Gallia), in an antiquity the range taken terrain between r. On and the Alpes (TSizalpinskaja Gallia) and between the Alpes, Mediterranean m., Pyrenees, Atlantic ok. (Transalpinskaja Gallia). Since 6 century up to n. e. It colonized keltami (received for rimljan the title "cecidiums"). Ok. 220 up to n. e. The terrain Tsizalpinskoj of Gallia is subordinate to Romans and transformed into a Roman province, at 58-51 up to n. e. Caesar conquers terrain Transalpinskoj of Gallia and in 16 up to n. e. It separate into 4 Roman provinces (Narbonskuju Gallia, Lugdunskuju Gallia, Aquitania and Belgiku). With nach. 5 century n. e. The terrain of Gallia was conquered by the German nations and has come in kon. 5 century in the state Frankskoe.
  • TRIOXYBENZOIC ACID (3, 4,5-òðèãèäðîêñèáåíçîéíàÿ an acid), (HO) 3C6H2COOH, colourless crystals; tïë 240 °S (with decomposition). It is contained in tea, an oak bark, tannin extracts. Apply to obtaining a pyrogallol, dyes, medicinal substances, in an analytical chemistry.
  • GALLIC MITES (the quadruped mites), superfamily of mites of order akariformnyh. Length of 0,1-0,6 mm. St. 1500 kinds, are distributed widely. Parasitize on plants, exhausting contents of cells; many will derivate cecidiums in which live and are multiplied. Tolerate virus infections of plants.
  • GAL. (English gallon), a unit volume (containers, capacities) in system of the English measures. In the Great Britain of 1 gal. = 4,54609 dm3, in the USA for liquids of 1 gal. = 3,78543 dm3, for loose bodies of 1 gal. = 4,405 dm3. Submultiple units of gal. - a pint and ounce.
  • HALLOYSITE, clay mineral of subclass of layered silikates, Al4 [Si4O10] (OH) 84H2O. Impurity Fe3 +, Cr3 +. Opalovidnye units, routinely white, with characteristic microscopic tubular texture. Hardness 1-2; firmness of 2-2,6 g / sm3. A decay product. Raw material of a ceramic industry.
  • CECIDIUMS, the Roman title keltov, naseljavshih terrain of Gallia.
  • CECIDIUMS (from an armour. galla - a gall nut) (gall), pathological growths on organs of the plants, called by viruses, bacteria, mushrooms, nematodes, mites, hexapods. Slacken a plant and can bring it to ruin. Cecidiums on an oak, a sumac and a pistachio nut are affluent tannins.
  • GALL (Gall) Frants Joseph (1758-1828), the Austrian doctor, the creator of a phrenology. Has offered (1810-19) theory of localization of mental functions over bark major hemispheres of a brain.
  • GALLIC TONGUE, falls into to the Celtic group indoevropejskoj families of tongues. To 5-6 centuries in terrain of Gallia it is extruded by latin tongue, in other areas of Europe has died out earlier.
  • HALLUCINATION (from an armour. hallucinatio - delirium, visions), the fraud of feelings, the misperception originating without the conforming external irritation. Routinely hallucinations are accepted as the substantial phenomena, but critical attitude to nymas is possible also. Distinguish acoustical (napr., slyshanie voices, hum), visual (napr., vision of people, subjects, hexapods), etc. hallucinations. Are supervised primarily at mental disorders. Hallucinations should be distinguished from illusions.
  • HALLUCINOGENS, the same, that psychodisleptic substances.
  • HALLUCINOSIS ALCOHOLIC, see in an item. Alcoholic psychosises.
  • GALLJAARAL, city (with 1973) in Uzbekistan, Dzhizak region. A depot. 17,4 thousand inhabitants (1991). Asfaltobetonnyj factory, etc.
  • GALMEJNYE PLANTS (from a nem. Galmei - one of german titles of a mineral kalamina), will grow on soils, affluent zinc, napr., galmejnaja a violet, the alpine pennycress. See also Indicator plants.
  • HALO (from grech. halos - a circle, a disc), light circles, arches, piles, a stain, observed around or near to discs of the Sun and moon. Are invoked by deflecting and a luminous reflectance ice crystals, fluidized in air.
  • GALOGENANGIDRIDY, derivative acids in which molecules of He - group are displaced on atoms of halogen. Examples - sulphuryl chloride SO2Cl2 (galogenangidrid sulfuric acid), acetyl chloride CH3COCl (galogenangidrid acetic acid). Galogenangidridy (it is routine acid chlorides) apply in an industry to acylation.
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