Wednesday, May 23, 2007

  • RIDING BREECHES, the military trousers, fitting a shin and extending up. Are called named G.Galife who has entered them for cavalrymen. Have been borrowed by other armies.
  • RIDING BREECHES (Galliffet) Gaston, marquis de (1830-1909), the French general, one of commanders of army versaltsev. Differed special cruelty at depressing the Commune of Paris 1871. In 1899-1900 military minister.
  • GALITSIJSKAJA the OPERATION, 5.8 - 8.9.1914, during 1-st world war. Russian troops of Southwest front have reflected approach of 4 austro-hungarian armies in Galitsii and Poland and have discarded them for the rivers the Dignity and Dunaets, having endangered encroachments into Hungary and Silesia.
  • GALITSIJSKAJA SOCIALIST SOVIET REPUBLIC, 15.7 - 23.9.1920, on a part of terrain Zap. Ukraine (Ternopol and a part of the Lvov region. USSR), existed during sovetsko-Polish war. Capital - Ternopol.
  • GALITSIJA, the historical title of a part zapadnoukrainskih and Polish grounds (the modern Ivano-Frankovsk, Lvov, Ternopol region. Ukraine, ZHeshuvskogo and a large part Krakow voevodstv Poland), entrapped the Austrian empire on 1-ìó (1772, Vost. Galitsija) and 3-ìó (1795, Zap. Galitsija) to sections of Speech Pospolitoj. In 1772-1918 province of empire Gabsburgskoj (the official title - Kingdom Galitsii and Lodomerii with Vost. Duchy Krakow). With 1918 in structure of Poland. Vost. Galitsija with 1939 in structure of Ukraine.
  • GROUND GALITSKAJA, old russian historical range of 10-14 centuries on northwest downslopes of Carpathian mountains, in verhovjah the rivers Dnestr, Prut, Seret. Main cities - Galich, Peremyshl, Zvenigorod, Terebovl. With kon. 10 century in the Kiev Russia. With kon. 11 century some specific principalities, in 1144 aggregated in Galitskoe the principality. With 1199 in structure of the Galitsko-Volynsk principality.
  • GALITSKY Victor Mihajlovich (1924-81), the Russian physics - theorist, corresponding member AN the USSR (1976). Transactionses on a quantum theory of a solid, a superconductivity, plasma physics and theories of a nucleus.
  • The GALITSKO-VOLYNSK ANNALS, part Ipatjevskoj of the annals, the description of events with nach. 13 century up to 1292 in terrain of the Galitsko-Volynsk principality, etc.
  • The GALITSKO-VOLYNSK PRINCIPALITY, old russian, in terrain Galitskoj and Volynsk grounds in kon. 12-14 centuries, the largest in JUzh. Russia. Capital - Galich, then Lvov. It is derivated in 1199 kn. Roman Mstislavichem. In the season of the greatest power in 1230-50-Õ at kn. Daniel Romanoviche Galitskom actuated also terrains Kiev and Turovo-Pinskogo principalities, Berestejskuju, grounds Ljublinskuju, etc. Struggled with Poland, Hungary, mongolo-tartars, had the considerable influence in Zap. To Europe. It is seized by the Great principality Lithuanian and Poland in it is grey. - 2-nd floor. 14 century.
  • GALITSKOE the PRINCIPALITY, old russian, in terrain Galitskoj of ground in 1144-99. Capital - Galich. The greatest power at kn. JAroslave Osmomysle (1153-87). Has come in the Galitsko-Volynsk principality.
  • GALICH, city in the Russian Federation, the Kostroma region, on Galichskom an eskar. A railway junction. 21,5 thousand inhabitants (1992). A machine industry and metal working, mild, a furniture industry. A study of local lore museum. It is known from 13 century.
  • GALICH, city on Ukraine, Ivano-Frankovsk region, on r. Dnestr. A depot. 6,9 thousand inhabitants (1991). Alimentary, metal-working, etc. an industry. In 5 kms from the modern Galich - old russian city of 10-13 centuries, capital Galitskogo of the principality with 1144, Galitsko-Volynsk with 1199. In 1241 it eroded by mongolo-tartars. Residues 10 belokamennyh temples of 12-13 centuries, church Pantelejmona (12 century, it in part rearranged in 17 century).
  • GALICH (an ice-film. fam. Ginzburg) Alexander Arkadjevich (1918-77), the Russian playwright, the poet. Comedies and scripts of films " you invokes Tajmyr " (1948), " Valid friends " (1954; both - together with K.Isaevym), " On seven winds " (1962). With nach. 1960th has obtained informal confession as the writer and the initiator of songs - short stories, basically of the tragicomic content: main themes - memory and the responsibility for past, opposition to arbitrariness, conformism (the collection " Selected poems ", 1989). With 1974 abroad.
  • GALICH Alexander Ivanovich (1783-1848), the Russian psychologist, aesthetics and the philosopher. Teacher Tsarskoselskogo of liceum. " The lexicon of philosophical subjects " (1845) - one of first in Russia philosophical manuals.
  • GALICH Alexander Ivanovich (1783-1848), the Russian psychologist, aesthetics and the philosopher. In 1814-15 taught in TSarskoselskom liceum where A.S.Pushkin at this time studied. The professor of the Petersburg university (1819-21), is discharged of teaching under the charge in " neglect to authorities " and a godlessness. It " the Lexicon of philosophical subjects " (1845) - one of first in Russia philosophical manuals.
  • LAKE GALICHSKOE, in the Kostroma region. The area 75,4 êì2, length of 17 kms, depth up to 5 m. Escapes r. Veksa (in-leak r. Kostroma). On Galichskom an eskar. - Galich.
  • GALICHJA the MOUNTAIN, reservation in the Russian Federation, Lipetsk region, on coasts of Don, within the limits of Central Russian vozv. It is based in 1925 (in the modern borders with 1969). The area 231 ga. 6 epines. The Severo-Don area of relict vegetation. St. 800 kinds of plants.
  • DAW, bird of a set voronovyh. Length ok. 30 see In Eurasia and Sev.-Zap. To Africa. A close kind - daurskaja a daw.
  • GALKIN Samuil Zalmanovich (1897-1960), the jewish poet, the playwright (Russia). Collections of liriko-philosophical verses "Contact piece" (1935), " the Tree of life " (1948). Plays in verses " Bar Kohba " (1939), "Sulamif" (1940), tragedy " Revolt in a ghetto " (1947).
  • GALL the ANONYM (Gall Anonim) (kon. 11 - nach. 12 century), the writer of the Polish chronicle (up to 1113).
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