Wednesday, May 23, 2007

  • GAY Nikomidijsky (mind. 303), the Christian martyr damaged in persecution of emperor Diokletiana. Memory in the Orthodox church on October, 21 (on November, 3).
  • GAY Sevastijsky (mind. ok. 320), one of a magpie sevastijskih martyrs.
  • GAIRBEKOVA Mashidat (r. 1927), the avarian poetess. Poems " the Far sister " (1954), " Punishment for a crime " (1967), " In the name of life " (1972), " Heart cuts fire " (1980), verses, plays from life of the modern Dagestan.
  • GAITIJTSY, people, the main population of Haiti (6,6 million person). The USA, on Cuba, the Bahama islands live also in Dominican republic, etc. The Aggregate number 7,2 million person (1992). Speak on kreolizovannom the French tongue (gaitijsky creole tongue). Believers - roman catholics, adherents of a syncretic cult "water".
  • GAICHKI, non-proprietary name of several kinds of titmouses. In Eurasia, the Sowing. To America. Dwell in flat and mountain forests.
  • GAJ, city (with 1979) in the Russian Federation, the Orenburg region. A depot. 43,1 thousand inhabitants (1992). Production of medno-pyritic ores. A mining-and-processing integrated works, factories: "Electrotransducer", on machining non-ferrous metals. In environs - balneogrjazevoj a health resort.
  • GAJ (the Byelorussian., ukr.), a small separate grove, it is routine from trees of a hardwood.
  • GAJ (Gaius), the Roman lawyer of 2 century. The main product - institutes - a classical exposition of the Roman Law on separate institutes.
  • GAJ (Gaj) Ljudevit (1809-72), the representative of liberal flow illirizma in Croatia, the poet. Supported rendezvous of austral slavs and an autonomy of Croatia in structure of the Hungarian kingdom. One of creators of a Serbo-Croatian literary language.
  • GAJ (Gay) Maria (1879-1943), the spanish singer (mezzo-soprano). ("Underground railway - opera"), Boston, Chicago chanted in New York. The best consignment - Carmen ("Carmen" Bizet). Supervised over school of singing in New York.
  • GYANA, Cooperative Republic Guyana (Cooperative Republic of Guyana), the state on north-east JUzh. America. 215 thousand êì2. The population of 730 thousand person (1993). A urban population of 31 % (1992). The official language - English. Believers - protesters, roman catholics, moslems, induisty. Administrative territorial division: 10 areas. Enters into Commonwealth. Capital - Georgetown. The chief of state and governments - the president. The body of legislation - unicameral National assembly. In a north and north-east - silted lowland, in a central part and in the south - Guiana highlands (up to 2772 m an altitude. Rorajma). A climate subequatorial. Monthly mean temperatures from 26 up to 28 °S. A rainfall over 2230 mm annually. The large rivers - Essequibo and Koranshtejn. Ok. 85 % of terrain - permanently the wet ever-green forests, on a southwest, a north and north-east - savannahs. National park Kajetur. In an antiquity the terrain of Guyana was populated by Indians. In 17 century it is seized by Dutchs. In 1814 has become colony of the Great Britain (with 1831 the British Guiana called). In 1834 the servitude is cancelled. In 20 century, especially within 2-nd world war, in the British Guiana the American and canadian capital has become stronger. In 1953 the first constitution of the British Guiana is adopted and the aboriginal government is built. In 1966 British Guiana is professed by an independent state and has become to call Guyana. With 1970 Guyana - republic. The basis of economy - an agriculture and production of bauxites. A lobe in a runway (1992, %): an agriculture and fishery 40,1 (including manufacture of Saccharum - 28,4), an industry 16,1 (including mining 11,7). Main documentary agricultural crops: a cane, fig. Pascual animal husbandry. Fishery. Timber loggings. Production of bauxites, gold, diamonds. Manufacture of an alumina, Saccharum, rum, tobacco items. Manufacture of the electric power 219 million in kw? A h (1991). Length of railways of 88 kms, motorways of 7,2 thousand in km, the tonnage of a marine merchant marine fleet of 13,5 thousand t deadweight (1990). Export: Saccharum, bauxites, an alumina, rice, citrous, diamonds. The main foreign trade partners: the USA, the Great Britain. Monetary unit - gajansky dollar.
  • GAJVORON, city (with 1949) on Ukraine, the Kirovograd region, on r. JUzh. Bug. A railway junction. 16,8 thousand inhabitants (1991). Teplovozoremontnyj, maslosyrodelnyj factories. Production of granite. It is based in 18 century as the Cossack settlement.
  • GAJDA (gajde, gajdy), the Bulgarian, Serbo-Croation title of delay.
  • GAJDA (English hide), a plot of land obshchinnikov (kerlov) in rannesrednevekovoj England (approximately 120 acres); later unit of the land area.
  • GAJDAJ Zoja Mihajlovna (1902-65), the Ukrainian singer (soprano), the national actress of the USSR (1944). In 1928-1955 at the Ukrainian theatre of opera and ballet. The professor of the Kiev conservatory (with 1963). The state premium of the USSR (1941).
  • GAJDAJ Leonid Iovich (1923-93), the Russian film director, the national actor of the USSR (1989). Has delivered films: " the Caucasian captive " (1967), " the Diamond arm " (1969), " Ivan Vasilyevich changes a trade " (1973), "Ñïîðòëîòî-82" (1982), etc.
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