Thursday, May 24, 2007

  • GELLERT (Gellert) Endre (1914-60), the Hungarian producer. On the scene with 1936. With 1945 at National theatre. The founder of the Hungarian realistic school of direction.
  • HELLESPONT, the ancient greek title of Dardanelles.
  • GELLY Avl (ok. 130-180), the Roman writer. The writer of the unique encyclopaedic canopy of antique learning " Attic nights ".
  • GELLAS - MAN (Gell-Mann) Marri (r. 1929), the American physics - theorist. Basic researches on a quantum theory of a field and fundamental particles. Has entered (1953) concept of strangeness and has discovered the law of its conservation (irrespective of K.Nishidzhimy). Has offered a taxonomist of fundamental particles (1961), a hypothesis of quarks (1964). The Nobel Prize (1969).
  • GELOVANI Victor Archilovich (r. 1944), the Russian scientist, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; corresponding member AN the USSR with 1987). Transactionses on software of process of simulation.
  • GELOS (grech. Laughter), in the Grecian mythology the godhood, olitsetvorjavshee laughter.
  • REPUBLIC GELVETICHESKAJA, the state in 1798-1803 in terrain of the modern Switzerland, dependent on France. Has arisen after invasion of a country of a troops of the French Directory. After revolt against relation to France it is liquidated by Napoleon.
  • GELVETICHESKOE the SOCIETY, obshcheshvejtsarskaja organization in 1761 - 1-st floor. 19 century. Set as the purpose establishment of cultural and political communications between cantons, propagation of ideas of Enlightenment. Has played the considerable role in extirpation for liberal reforms.
  • GELVETY, the Celtic nation living in last eyelid up to n. e. - the beginning n. e. In a northwest part of the modern Switzerland; from here - Gelvetsija.
  • GELVETSY (Helvetius) Klod Adrian (1715-71), the French philosopher. Asserted, that the world is material and perpetual in time and the space, intellection and sensation - properties of a matter. At the same time considered consciousness and passions of the person in main propulsion of social development. The adherent of the doctrine about a main role of medium in formation of the personality. Proved a trial origin of moral submissions, their condition interests of the individual. The main compositions: " About mind " (1758), " About the person " (1773, posthumously).
  • GELVETSIJA (Helvetia), the latin title (from gelvetov) Switzerland; it is used on postage stamps.
  • HELVINUM, mineral, berillosilikat subclass of tectosilicates, 3Ìn [BeSiO4] ·MnS. Unavoidable impurities Fe and Zn. Crystals, acinose units. Hardness 5,5-6,5; firmness of 3,2-3,5 g / sm3. Meets in grejzenah, skarnah, pegmatitah, in polevoshpatovyh metasomatitah. Ore of beryllium.
  • HELGOLAND (Helgoland), an island in Boreal m., terrain of Germany. The area 0,9 êì2. An altitude up to 56 m.
  • GELD Paul Vladimirovich (1911-93), Russian fizikohimik, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; corresponding member AN the USSR with 1970). The main transactionses on pirometallurgicheskim to processes. The state premium of the USSR (1982).
  • GELDERLIN (Holderlin) Fridrih (1770-1843), the german poet - romantik. In ekspressivnyh lyrical verses, odes and hymns - belief in a completeness of zoetic self-implementation, in a capability of spiritual and social harmony (brotherhood of mankind) which pre-image for Gelderlina light world Ellady was; antheming of beauty and majesty of " spirit of a nature " and tendency to interflow to her. In the novel "Hyperion" (1797-99) - motives of disappointment, tragic element of dissonance with an ideal, the world and self. Philosophical tragedy " Mors Empedokla " (1798-99) about heroic loneliness of the philosopher. With 1804 suffered affliction a heavy mental derangement (in 1806 it is placed at a psychiatric hospital).
  • GELDEROD (Ghelderode) Michel de (1898-1962), the Belgian playwright (wrote in French). In plays in style of exhibition theatre " Mors of doctor Faust " (1926), "Barabbas" (1932), " Red magic " (1935), " Fars about mrachnetsah " (1941) - accusation of social faults, tragic element of life and belief in salutariness of traditional morals. Collections of short stories " the Devout camp " (1922), "Magical" (1941).
  • GELSENKIRCHEN (Gelsenkirchen), city in Germany, ground the Sowing. Rhine - Vestfalija. 294 thousand inhabitants (1992). A port on r. Emsher and the channel Rhine - Herne. A machine industry, oil refining, metallurgical, coal-mining, nitric, glass, a tailoring industry.
  • GELMAN Alexander Isaakovich (r. 1933), the Russian playwright. In ostrokonfliktnyh plays " the Minutes of one meeting ", " we underwriting " (1979), " Alone with all " (it is put 1981), "Cranky" ("Zinulja", 1984), scripts "Converse connection" (1978; the like play) - critically is exhibited an atmosphere of socialist manufacture. The state premium of the USSR (1976).
  • GELMAN Hristofor Ivanovich (1848-1902), the Russian microbiologist and the epizootologist. Simultaneously from O.Kalningom and irrespective of him has received a mallein (1891), irrespective of R.Kokh has received a tuberculine (1888).
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