Thursday, May 24, 2007

  • The HEMPEL (Hempel) Charles Gustav (r. 1905), the nemetsko-American philosopher of science, the participant Austrian a mug. With 1937 in the USA. Developed the program neopozitivizma and formal models of methods and procedures of science. Activities on logic problems of a theory of probabilities, and also about a nature of historical laws.
  • HEMERYTHRIN, ferruginous protein; a respiratory pigment of some marine Invertebrata animal, the ensuring transport of oxygen.
  • GENE (from grech. genos - a stem, an origin) (hereditary factor), unit of a hereditary material which is responsible for formation of any unit character. For higher organisms (eukariot) is part of chromosomes. Set of all genes of an organism compounds his genetic constitution - a genotype. Discrete hereditary disposition have been open in 1865 G.Mendel; in 1909 V.Iogansen has called as their genes. Development of molecular genetics has reduced in deployment of a chemical nature of a genetic material and submission about a gene as about a plot of molecule DNK (for some viruses RNK) with a specific panel of nucleotides in which linear sequence the genetic information (see is ciphered. A code genetic). Each gene otvetstven for synthesis of fixed protein (a ferment or other) . Monitoring their education, genes steer all chemical changes of an organism and determine thus his attributes. Unique property of genes - combination of their high stability (permanency in a lineage) with ability to inherited changes - to mutations which are a source of genetic variability of organisms and the basis for action of a natural selection.
  • GENE Ervin-Victor Juljevich (1884-1937), the Russian microbiologist, the doctor of medicine (1929), the professor (1932). By origin the German. Transactionses are dedicated a choleroid vibrio, an active immunization against a diphtheria, to definition of force of antidiphtheritic and antitetanic wheys, use of a bacteriological method for a sanitarian assessment of water. In 1937 it is repressed, rehabilitated posthumously.
  • GENE Ervin-Victor Juljevich (1884-1937), the Russian microbiologist, the doctor of medicine (1929), the professor (1932). By origin the German. Transactionses are dedicated a choleroid vibrio, an active immunization against a diphtheria, to definition of force of antidiphtheritic and antitetanic wheys, use of a bacteriological method for a sanitarian assessment of water. In 1937 it is repressed, rehabilitated posthumously.
  • ... The GENE... GENIC (from grech. - genes - bearing, born), the part of the composite words meaning: descending from something or generatrix something (napr., a carcinogenic agent, cancerogenic).
  • GENATULIN Anatoly Jumabaevich (r. 1925), the Bashkir writer, writes in Russian. In prose (stories "Attack", 1982, " Hundred walks on war ", 1983, "Tunnel", 1987, etc.) - a theme of war with its cruelty and tragic element, the realistic plotting of front everyday lives. Books: " Rjabinovaja a mountain " (1969), "Aju-tash" (1975), " Golden washing a cradle " (1984), etc.
  • HANDEL (Handel) George Fridrih (1685-1759), the german composer and the organist. About poluveka worked in the London. The master of a monumental oratorio, primarily on biblical scenes (ok. 30), including "Saul", " Israel in Egypt " (both 1739), "Messiah" (1742), "Samson" (1743), " Judah the Maccabee " (1747). More than 40 operas, organnye concerts, koncherto grosso for an orchestra, tool sonatas, suites.
  • GENDEMIANSKY MIR, between Russia and Khivan hanstvom (24.8.1873, Garden Gendemian, a summer residence of khan). Hahn has recognized itself as the vassal of Russia, Russian merchants have received the right of a free market, in hanstve were erased servitude and rabotorgovlja.
  • GENDERSON (Henderson) (Henderson) Arthur (1863-1935), one of leaders of the Labour party of the Great Britain, in 1911-34 its secretary. In 1915-17 minister of state, in 1924 Minister of Internal Affairs, in 1929-31 Minister for Foreign Affairs. In 1932-33 president of the International conference on disarming. The Nobel Prize of the world (1934) for the investment in business of disarming.
  • GENEALOGICAL GRADING of TONGUES, see. Grading of tongues.
  • GENEALOGY (grech. genealogia - parentage), auxiliary historical discipline (has arisen in 17-18 centuries), investigator an origin, a history and family ties of stems and families; practical branch of knowledge, drawing up of genealogies.
  • ... The GENESIS (from grech. genesis - an origin, originating), the part of the composite words meaning: the bound with process of education, originating (napr., a histogenesis).
  • GENESIS (genesis), origin, originating; in a broad sense - the moment of a germing and the consequent development which has reduced in a fixed condition, a kind, the phenomena.
  • "GENESIS", "Dzhenezis" (Genesis), the English rock group, is derivated in 1967. Structure: Founder Benks (keyboard), Peter Gebriel (a vocal, a flute), Mike Rezerford (the bass - gear quadrant, the gear quadrant), Fil Collins (impact, a vocal). Albums " Nursery Crime " (1971) and " Selling England By The Pound " (1973) in style hard - fate become masterpieces of world rock music. In 1974 Gebriel has abandoned group. An album with the symbolical title "... And Then There Were Three... " (Them remained three) (1978) has become "golden". In the further activities a classical hard - rokovyj style of group noticeably abbreviated and approximate to priest - fate. Most considerable of consequent programs - "Genesis" (1983). Now participants of group are occupied primarily in solo designs.
  • The GENERAL (from an armour. generalis - general, main), military rank (grade) in armed forces. For the first time it is entered in France into 16 century, in Russia - in 2-nd floor. 17 century; in nach. 20 century in Russian army were generals - majors, generals - lieutenants, full generals: the general from infanterii, the general from a cavalry, the general from artillery, the engineer - general; general - field marshal. In the USSR in 1940 general ranks have been established: the general - major, the general - lieutenant, the general - colonel, the general; for generals of kinds of armed forces and service arms to a rank the general (except for the general of army) the conforming name, napr was added. The general - major of artillery (with 1984 only for generals of aircraft, a medical service and justicia). In the Russian army general ranks are saved: the general - major, the general - lieutenant, the general - colonel, the general.
  • GENERAL - ADMIRAL, the maximum marine grade in Russia with 1708, corresponds a peavine of general - field marshal in a land forces.
  • GENERAL - AIDE-DE-CAMP, in 18 century in Russia aide-de-camp at emperor, field marshal, etc. With nach. 19 century the title of honour, assigned to generals (admirals), the generals - lieutenants (vice-admirals) joining in suite of emperor.
  • The GENERAL - ANSHEF, in Russia under the Charter the military 1716 commander-in-chief army; since 40th of 18 century on 1796 grade of the full general.
  • GENERAL - BASS (a numbered bass, basso kontinuo), in music - a bass voice under which notes the digits meaning consonances in the upper voices are marked. It was applied in kon. 16 - 1-st floor. 18 centuries at the notation organnogo and klavesinnogo trackings.
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