Wednesday, May 9, 2007

  • ICE, water in a solid state. 11 crystalline updatings ice and amorphous ice are known. In a nature one form of ice - with firmness 0,92 g / sm3, a heat capacity 2,09 kDzh / (kg·K) is found only at 0 °S, melting heat of 324 kDzh/kg, which meets by the way naturally ice (continental, swimming, underground), snow and hoarfrost. On the Earth ok. 30 million êì3 ice. It is used for a storage, refrigerating alimentary. Products, obtaining of a fresh water, in medicine.
  • " ICE ZEPPELIN " (Led Zeppelin), the English rock group, is derivated in 1968 in the London. Structure: Dzhimmi Pejdzh (gear quadrant), Robert Plant (vocal), John Pol Johnes (the bass - gear quadrant, keyboard), John Bonem (impact). One of leaders in a history of world rock music. In a debut album " Led Zeppelin " (1969) rudiments of elements of hard - fate were marked out. The second disc, " Led Zeppelin II ", has become the best seller and the first rigorous hard - fatal design. In music of group the hard - fate organically combines with folklore motives. Many songs of group become unsurpassed classics of hard - fate (" Stairway To Heaven " (1971), etc.). Has broken up in 1980 after mors of John Bonema. Now all former participants of group work solo.
  • ICE the FOSSIL, relict underground ice kept from Pleistocene and occurring on the considerable depth from a surface.
  • LEDA, in the Grecian mythology of the marital partner of Spartan tsar Tindareja. Zevs, captivated by beauty Ledy, has taken possession of her, having addressed in a swan. On one of versions, from this communication Elena has appeared.
  • LEDA, the guide of the Jove, is open by D.Kouelom (the USA, 1974). Distance from the Jove ok. 11 million in km, a diameter ok. 10 kms.
  • LEDEBUR Charles Fridrih (1785-1851), german botanik, corresponding member Petersburg AN (1814). In 1811-36 professor of university in Derpte. Traveled across Altai (1826). The writer first critical " the Flora of Russia " (t. 1-4, 1842-53, over 6500 kinds).
  • LEDERBERG (Lederberg) Dzhoshua (r. 1925), American genetics, the pioneer of probe of genetics of microorganisms. Has discovered transduction and a recombination (together with E.Tejtemom) for bacteria. The Nobel Prize (1958).
  • LEATHER CLOTH (from a nem. Leder - a leather), a bookbinding material; a tissue (coarse cambric) or a paper with a secund colored nitrocellulose coating. As against a calico the leather cloth is water-resisting, has a glossy surface with drawing.
  • LEDERMAN (Lederman) Leonid Maks (r. 1922), American physics. Transactionses on an elementary particle physics. Has discovered (together with other) the neutral kaon, an antideuteron, a black cutworm - particle, muonium, probeed a birth leptonic fallow in adronnyh crashes. Has discovered two types of a neutrino (the Nobel Prize, 1988, together with Dzh. Stejnbergerom and M.Shvartsem).
  • LEDESMA (Ledesma) Alonso de (1552-1632), the spanish poet. Collections saturated learning, complicated - metaphorical verses (" Fruits of acute mind ", 1600, etc.), giving rise to school t. n. "konseptizma" (or "kulteranizma") - a serotinal spanish version literary manjerizma.
  • The ICEHOUSES, driving natural clumps of ice of an atmospheric origin above ground; will be derivated in those areas where a solid rainfall deposits more, than melts and exhales. Within the limits of icehouses secrete recharge areas and ablations. Icehouses are divided on terraneous glacial covers, shelf and mountain. A gross area of the modern icehouses ok. 16,3 million êì2 (10,9 % the area dry), total amount of ice ok. 30 million êì3.
  • GLACIAL EPOCH (LEDNIKOVE) (gljatsial), interval of time of a geologic history of the Earth, defined by the strong cooling-down of a climate and development of extensive land ice not only in polar, but also in moderate latitudes.
  • GLACIAL DRIFTS, major group of the adjournments, resulting activity of icehouses and thawed glacial waters. Actuate different phylums of moraines, fluvioglacial, ozerno-glacial and lednikovo-marine adjournments. On character of a detrital material secrete drift clay, pebbles, sands, a sandy loam, loams, etc.
  • GLACIER PERIOD, stage of a geologic history of the Earth during which intervals of time with very cool climate (sharp expansion of the area of icehouses) with intervals of warmer climate when the considerable proportion of continental icehouses melted multiply alternated. The glacier period in Pleistocene is most well studied; are known also in Paleozoic and a Pre-Cambrian.
  • ICE SLAUGHTER, battle on ice CHudskogo an eskar. On April, 5 1242 between Russian troops led by Alexander Nevskim and german knights - crusaders. Has concluded full rout of crusaders.
  • ICE THEATRE " ALL ASTERS ", is based in Moscow (1983). The artistic administrator - T.A.Tarasova (with 1983). Among performances " Polovetskie dancings " (1987), "Carmen" (1989), " Memories on New York " (1991).
  • STARLING, the device on supports of bridges and dams (or in front of bridges of the pile phylums) for their protection during a drifting of the ice.
  • LEDOSOLJANOE REFRIGERATING, see in an item. Freezing mixtures.
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