Wednesday, May 9, 2007

  • LEGIONELLEZ (disease of legionaries), the acute communicable disease of the person called by a special kind of bacteria: the fever, a pneumonia, are frequent gastro-intestinal distresses; heavy flow. For the first time it is found in 1976 in the USA during a cross-over of the American legion (from here the title).
  • LEGIONS the POLISH, volunteer Polish military formations forming at foreign armies for extirpation for restoration of independence of Poland. Existed in France in 1798-1807, Italy and Hungary in 1848-49, and also generated in Russia and Austria-Hungary during 1-st world war.
  • DOPING (a nem. legieren - to alloy, from an armour. ligo - I catenate, I bridge), 1) introduction in structure of metal alloys t. n. Alloying elements (napr., in steel - Cr, Ni, Mo, W, V, Nb, Ti, etc.) for collimating to alloys fixed physical, chemical or mechanical properties. 2) Introduction of foreign atoms in a solid (napr., in semiconductors for building a required electrical conductance). Doping of dielectrics routinely call as labilizing.
  • ALLOY STEEL, besides routine impurity contains t. n. Alloying elements (see. Doping). Distinguish low-alloy (the total content of alloying elements up to 2,5 %), srednelegirovannuju (2,5-10 %) and high-alloy (over 10 %) steel.
  • The STATE LEGISLATURE (from an armour. legislator - the offering administration bill), in state law the term used for notation of the body of legislation.
  • LEGITIMATION (an armour. legitimus), confession or acknowledgement of legitimacy of the government, any social institute, the status, the authorities, resting on values adopted in the given society. The basis of legitimation can be traditions and customs, charism, the constitutional norms, democratic elections, referendum or the plebiscite.
  • LEGITIMISTS (from an armour. legitimus - legal), in France 19 century (after July revolution 1830) adherents of a dynasty of Burbons; predominary large landowners of an aristocratic origin and representatives of the maximum roman catholic clergy. In a more comprehensive sense as legitimists call adherents svergnutyh dynasties of any state.
  • TRACK AND FIELD, one of the main and most mass kinds of sport; actuates trot race and walking on different distances, broad jumps and an altitude, throwings of sporting gears, track and field athletics multiathlon. Has engendered in the Great Britain in 18 century In International amateur federation - IAAF (IAAF; it is based in 1912) ok. 190 countries (1991). In the program of Olympic Games with 1896, world championships with 1983, Europe with 1934.
  • " MILD POETRY ", products in the French and Russian poetry kon. 18 - 1-st chetv. 19 centuries, vospevavshie - in a balance weight to "high" genres of a classicism - personal passions and earth desires (a cult of love, friendship, refined epikureizm). Anticipated romantic poetry. Representatives: E.Parni, S.Milvua, A.Shenje, early K.N.Batyushkov and A.S.Pushkin.
  • LIGHT INDUSTRY, set of the industries effecting primarily the consumer goods. The main branches: textile (cotton, linen, woollen, silk, penkovo-jute, sewing, knitted), tanning, furry, boot, notions.
  • LUNGS, respiratory organs for the person, terraneous vertebrates and some fishes. In lungs oxygen of air passes in blood, and carbon dioxide - from blood in air. For mammals and the person lungs are located in a chest. Will consist of lobes (in the right - 3, in left-handed - 2); the basis of them will derivate rezvetvljajushchiesja bronchuses and bronchioles which pass in alveolar courses with alveolas. The respiratory surface of lungs exceeds approximately in 75 times a body surface. As lungs call also a respiratory organs for some Invertebrata (pulmonary mollusks).
  • LIGHT METALS, the metals having concerning small (less than 5 g / sm3) firmness: Al, Mg, Ti, Be, Li, Na, K, Ca, Rb, Sr, Cs, Ba.
  • LIGHT-METAL ALLOYS, structural materials on basis Al, Mg, Ti and Be. High unit strength (attitude of strength indexes to firmness). Are applied in samoleto-, raketo-and shipbuilding, nuclear power, construction, manufacture of household items, etc.
  • LIGHTWEIGHT-AGGREGATE CONCRETE, non-proprietary name of betons with a volume weight no more than 1800 kg / m3. Receive, using porous (light) fillers, gravel or a crushed rock without a fine aggregate (t. n. Coarse-pored concrete) or porizuja (expanding) a water-cement paste (cellular concrete). Are most distributed a lightweight-aggregate concrete on expanded aggregates: expanded-clay concrete gravels, cinder concretes, agloporistye betons, vermiculite concretes, tefobetony, pumice concretes, perlitobetony, etc. Due to a small volume weight, a small heat conductivity and sufficient toughness a lightweight-aggregate concrete are widely applied in modular concrete both reinforced concrete constructions and items. Special a lightweight-aggregate concrete (a volume weight up to 500 kg / m3) - good teploizoljatsionyj a material.
  • LIGHT-METAL ALLOYS the INSTITUTE research All-Russia (VILS), is derivated in 1991 in Moscow on the basis Vses. Light-metal alloys of the institute built in 1961 (about 1988 leading research institute like NPO). Probes under the "know-how" of items from lungs and special alloys.
  • LOW-MELTING-TEMPERATURE ALLOYS, alloys, which melting point are lower, than for tin (ok. 232 °S). Contain in different combinations and ratios Sn, Bi, In, Pb, Cd, Zn, Sb, Ga, Hg, etc. elements. Are applied in the capacity of solders, fuse plugs, metal putties, materials to casting patterns and companion crops.
  • LEGNICA (Legnica), city on a southwest of Poland, administrative centre Legnitskogo voevodstva. 105 thousand inhabitants (1990.) Center Legnitsko-Gloguvskogo of mining area (production of copper ore). A copper production, a machine industry (mountain, etc.), mild, a food-processing industry; manufacturing of grand pianos and the piano. Architectonic monuments of 13-17 centuries.
  • LEGOGLOBIN (leggemoglobin), the red ferruginous protein present in root nodules of legumes, awakely fixative nitrogen. Similarly to a haemoglobin of blood, legoglobin it is reversible binds Î2, adjusting an oxygenous mode of a nodule.
  • PULMONARY HEART, acute or chronic heart failure owing to a pressure boots in a small circle of a blood circulation (an emboly of a pulmonary artery, a chronic pneumonia, a pulmanary emphysema, etc.), predominary on a background of pulmonary failure.
  • PULMONARY, subclass of Castropoda of mollusks. The mantle cavity is converted to a lung. 2 orders: sidjacheglazye and stebelchatoglazye. Ok. 100 sets, over 30 thousand kinds, on all terrestrial globe. Many pulmonary - intermediate hosts of parasitic worms, dangerous for domestic and trade animal.
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