Thursday, May 10, 2007

  • LEONARDO PIZANSKY (Leonardo Pisano) (Fibonacci, Fibonacci) (1180-1240), italian mathematician. Basically transactionses " the Book an abaca " (1202) first has regularly stated achievements of Arabian mathematics, than promoted acquaintance to them in Zap. To Europe.
  • LEON (Leone) Serdzho (1921-89), the italian film director and the scripter. Has received popularity as an ancestor t. n. "Spaghetti - western", i.e. films in the traditional Hollywood genre, removed in Europe (the trilogy " For a handful of dollars ", 1964; " For some superfluous dollars ", 1965 and " Good, the poor, malicious ", 1966). In 1984 has removed in Hollywood the gangster saga " Once in America ".
  • LEONID (508/507-480 up to n. e.), Spartan tsar with 488. In the greko-persian wars in 480 has headed the Grecian army against the persian tsar Kserksa. Has perished in battle for Thermopylae, covering with small order of Spartans departure Grecian a troops. In antique legends Leonid - a sample of the patriot and the soldier.
  • LEONID, in the world Lion Aleksandrovich Kavelin (1822-91), the Russian spiritual writer, archimandrite; the viceroy to the Trinity - Sergievoj laurels. Has constituted a number of check lists and descriptions staropechatnyh books and manuscripts.
  • LEONID Korinfsky (mind. 251 or 258), the Christian martyr damaged in Corinth in persecution of emperor Detsija; pupil Kodrata. Memory in the Orthodox church on March, 10 (23) and on April, 16 (29).
  • LEONIDZE George Nikolaevich (1899-1966), the Georgian poet, the national poet Georgian SSR (1959), academician AN of Georgia (1944). Poems "Samgori" (1950), "Portohala" (1951), lyrics. The collection " the Magic tree. Memories " (1962). The state premium of the USSR (1941, 1950, 1952).
  • LEONIDOV Ivan Iljich (1902-59), the Russian architect. The representative of constructivism, developed the forms adequate social problems of the architecture (unfulfilled designs of Institute of library science him. Lenina, 1927, houses TSentrosojuza, 1928, - in Moscow; a settlement of new type at Magnitogorsk mining-and-metallurgical integrated works, 1930).
  • LEONIDOV Leonid Mironovich (1873-1941), the Russian actor, the teacher, the national actor of the USSR (1936), the doctor of art criticism (1939). On the scene with 1896. With 1903 in Moskovsk Art theatre (MHT). Among roles: Dmitry Karamazov (" Brothers Karamazovy " on F.M.Dostoevskomu), Pljushkin (" Dead showers " on N.V.Gogolju). It was taken out in films: " Side panels of the lackey ", "Gobsek", etc. The Professor of State institute of a theatrical art (with 1939).
  • LEONILLA (Neonilla) Langonijskaja (mind. Between 161-180), the Christian martyress damaged in persecution of emperor of Mark Avrelija. Memory in the Orthodox church on January, 16 (29).
  • LEONKAVALLO (Leoncavallo) Rudzhero (1857-1919), the italian composer. One of founders opera verizma. Operas " Clowns " (1892), "Bohemia" (1897; in Russia under the title " Life of Latin quarter "), etc.
  • LEONOV Alexey Arhipovich (r. 1934), the Russian astronaut, a pilot - astronaut of the USSR (1965), the general - major of aircraft (1975), doubly the Hero of Soviet Union (1965, 1975). Flight on "Rise - 2" with the first extra-vehicular activity in a history (March 1965), "Soyuz - 19" under program EPAS (July 1975). The state premium of the USSR (1981).
  • LEONOV Victor Nikolaevich (r. 1916), doubly the Hero of Soviet Union (1944, for heroism in breakages in Zapoljarje; 1945, for battle differences at transplantation of marine landing to eastern shore the Sowing. Korea), the captain of 2-nd rank (1952); the commander razvedotrjadov.
  • LEONOV Eugeny Pavlovich (1926-94), the Russian actor, the national actor of the USSR (1978). In 1948-68 in Moskovsk drama theatre him. K.S.Stanislavsky. With 1972 in Moskovsk theatre him. Lenin Komsomol (about 1990 theatre " Ëåíêîì "). Roles: Ivanov ("Ivanov" A.P.Chehova), Tevje-molochnik ("Prayer for the dead" on SHolom-Alejhemu), etc. It was taken out in films: " Thirty three ", " the Byelorussian passenger depot ", "Premium", " the Autumnal marathon ", " To kill a dragon ", etc. The State premium of the USSR (1976), the State premium of the Russian Federation (1992).
  • LEONOV Leonid Maksimovich (1899-1994), the Russian writer, the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; academician AN the USSR with 1972). In stories, stories of 20th, novels "Badgers" (1924), "Thief" (1927, 2-n edition 1959) drama events and tragical consequences of revolutionary breaking of Russia. The play " the Golden carriage " (3-n edition 1964) about happiness, not fly-off from sense of duty and achievable by victims. Roman " Russian wood " (1953) about inseparable communication of Russian character with a native nature and banefulness for people of its thoughtless conquest. In the last monumental novel "Pyramid" (1994) - revaluation of the Russian reality of 20 century in light of christianity.
  • LEONOV Maxim Leonovich (1872-1929), the Russian poet. Father L.M.Leonov. Entered in " Surikovsky the literary - musical circle ". Collections: " the First notes " (1889), " Poems and stories " (1905), etc. In literary - critiques opposed modernist flows of poetry.
  • LEONOV Peter Vasiljevich (1910-82), the Russian artist - keramist, the deserved artist of Russia (1970), corresponding member AH the USSR (1973). One of creators of style of paintings (loose brush painting with large inking drawing) Dulevskogo porcelain factory.
  • LEONOV Sergey Borisovich (r. 1931), the Russian geologist, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991). The main transactionses on rational assimilation of mineral resources.
  • LEONOV Jury Georgievich (r. 1934), the Russian geologist, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991). The main transactionses on theoretical and regional geotectonics and tectonic cartography.
  • LEONOV Darja Mihajlovna (1829, under other data, 1834-96), the Russian singer (contralto). Solistka Mariinsky (Saint Petersburg) and Major (Moscow) of theatres. In concerts propagandized Russian national songs, M.P.Musorgsky products and other Russian composers.
  • LEONOVICH Vladimir Nikolaevich (r. 1933), the Russian poet. The composite figurativeness, sense of responsibility before the world, lyrics of a nature in collections of verses "In the name of" (1971), " Lower Debrja " (1983). Transfers.
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