Friday, May 11, 2007

  • ONIONS the LEYDEN, Lukas van Leiden (Lucas van Leyden) (1489 or 1494-1533), the Netherlands painter and a graver. Portraits (a self-portrait, ok. 1514), conversations (" the Game in chess ", ok. 1508-10), gravures ("Korovnitsa", 1510) differ courageous innovation; in religious compositions interest to household component parts combines with manjeristicheskoj a stylization.
  • LUKAVSKY Radovan (r. 1919), the Czech actor. With 1957 at National theatre (Prague).
  • LUKAN (Lucanus) Mark Annej (39-65), the Roman poet. A historical poem in 10 books " Farsalija, or About a civil war " (between Caesar and Pompeem) proniknuta spirit of aristocratic opposition to an imperial mode.
  • LUKANIN Valentine Nikolaevich (r. 1931), the Russian scientist, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science (1991). Transactionses under the theory of low-noise-level motors of internal combustion, improvement of ecological parameters of motor transport.
  • LUKANY, italijskie nations, to kon. 5 century up to n. e. Settled in an austral part of Italy and given to her title Lukanija. Pokorennye Romans in 1-st floor. 3 century up to n. e., lukany permanently rebelled against Roman domination.
  • LUKAS (Lucas) George (r. 1944), the American continuity writer, the producer, the producer. A key figure of the generation considerably breaking a face of Hollywood in 1960th. In 1973 has delivered " American graffiti ", a pattern about the generation in which feature - idealization of a real was exhibited characteristic for Lukasa, attitude to her as to a fairy tale. His film " Sidereal wars " (1977) has become classics of epoch of a high technology. Later Lukas has kept direction and, except for studio " Ëóêàñ-ôèëì ", Industrial light and magic ", specializing on computer special effects has based firm ".
  • LUKASIEWICZ (Lukasiewicz) JAn (1878-1956), Polish logik, the member Polish AN (1937), one of main representatives of the lvovsko-Warsaw school. With 1945 professor of Royal irish academy in Dublin. Has constructed the first system of multivalued logic. Has developed original tongue for formalization of logic expressions (t. n. Parenthesis-free symbolics of Lukasiewicz).
  • LUKASINSKY Valerjan (1786-1868), the founder (1821) first Polish Patriotic societies. The adherent of restoration of independence of Poland. In 1822 it arrested by imperial authorities, has died in SHlisselburgskoj strengths.
  • LUKACH (Lukacs) Djerd (1885-1971), the Hungarian literary critic and the philosopher. Pupil G.Zimmelja. From neokantianstva has transfered to gegelevskoj philosophy (" the Theory of the novel ", 1920) and then to marxism (" the History and class consciousness ", 1923); has exerted influence a becoming of the Frankfurt school. With 1918 member KP of Hungary, in 1919 narkom enlightenments of the Hungarian Soviet republic. With 1929 in Moscow, with 1945 in Hungary. In 1956 entered in government Imre Nadja. The main transactionses on a marxist aesthetics, literary criticism, a history of philosophy.
  • LUKASHEVICH Joseph Demjanovich (1863-1928), the member of a terrorist fraction of a consignment " National will ", the participant of attempt 1.3.1887 on Alexander III. It is sentenced to transportation for life. Up to 1905 in SHlisselburgskoj strengths. With 1920 professor of geology of the Vilnius university.
  • LUKIAN (ok. 120 - ok. 190), the ancient greek writer - satirist. Early compositions belong to a direction sofistiki to the second. The main content of mature creativity - philosophical satyr (see " Menippova satyr "), directed against traditional honoring Olympic gods, idealistic dogmatism and everyday prejudices, proniknutaja influence epikureizma, scepticism and philosophy kinikov (" Talks of gods ", " Talks in a kingdom dead "). Has exerted influence the satirical literature of Revitalization (Erazm Rotterdamsky, U.Gutten, F.Rable) and Enlightenments (Dzh. Swift, Volter).
  • LUKIAN (mind. 312), the Christian martyr and the seminary student, the founder of Antiochian doctrinal school. It is executed in Nikomidii. Memory in the Orthodox church on October, 15 (28), in Roman catholic - on January, 7.
  • LUKIAN Tomsk (Kjustendzhijsky) (mind. 320), the Christian martyr damaged in persecution of emperor Litsinija. Memory in the Orthodox church on September, 13 (26).
  • LUKIN Vladimir Ignatjevich (1737-94), the Russian writer. The comedy " the Squanderer, love fitted " (1765) has laid foundation to sentimentalism at Russian theatre.
  • LUKIN Vladimir Petrovich (r. 1937), the Russian statesman, the diplomat, the doctor of historical sciences. With 1959 on press and scientific activity. With 1987 on diplomatic activity. With 1990 committee chairman VS of the Russian Federation on international affairs and foreign economic relations. In 1992-94 salting in the USA. In 1993-95 deputy of the State Duma of Federal assembly of the Russian Federation. Souchreditel social movement "Apple" (JAvlinsky - Boldyrev - Lukin). In 1995 it is again selected the Deputy of the State Duma.
  • LUKIN Makar Mihajlovich (1905-61), the statesman, one of organizers of an aircraft industry of the USSR. In 1940-46 director of airmotor factories in Zaporozhye and Kazan where under his guiding the potochno-serial production of engines for airplanes is organized On - 2, Ooze - 2, Ac - 5, Ac - 7, etc. With 1946 took different state positions.
  • LUKIN Nikolay Mihajlovich (psevd. N.Antonov) (1885-1940), the Russian historian, academician AN the USSR (1929). Transactionses primarily on Great French revolution. It is repressed; it is rehabilitated posthumously.
  • LUKINOV Ivan Illarionovich (r. 1927), the economist, academician AN of Ukraine (1976), the academician of the Russian Academy of Science (1991; academician AN the USSR with 1984), the Main transactionses on problems of agrarian attitudes.
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