Wednesday, May 9, 2007

  • WIND TUNNEL, installation in which there is an air flow for experimental study of the phenomena originating at an airflow of solids, primarily flight vehicles and their parts. In a wind tunnel investigate models, and sometimes and full-scale objects, determining the forces originating, napr., at flight of airplanes, missiles; locate their optimal forms, etc.
  • AERODYNAMIC DRAG (drag), force, with which gas (napr., air) acts on a body driving in a nem. The aerodynamic drag is directed always aside, counter speeds, and is one of components of a full aerodynamic force.
  • AERODROME (from aero... And grech. dromos - trot race, a place for trot race), the ground area with an airspace, structures and the equipment, ensuring take-off, planting, disposition and service of airplanes, helicopters and gliders. See also the Airport.
  • AEROSOLS (from aero... And sols), the disperse systems consisting from fluid or solids, located in suspension in a gaseous medium (it is routine in air). To aerosols concern, napr., smokes, fogs{mists}, a dust, a smog. By the way an aerosol incinerate{consume} fluid and powdery fuel, put paint coatings, use toxic materials, medicinal preparations, perfumery items, etc.
  • AEROSOL GENERATOR, the machine for education by a thermomechanical way of aerosols of pesticides and their dispersions with the purposes of externination of pests of agricultural crops, wood and fruit plantings, and also for a disinfection of agricultural storehouses and livestock barns.
  • AEROSOLTHERAPY, inhalation of aerosols primarily medicinal substances for prophylaxis and treatment of diseases of a respiratory organs.
  • AEROIONOTERAPIJA, treatment by conducting air of inflammatory diseases of the wind - pipes, sluggishly healing wounds, ulcers, etc. Can be general and aboriginal (an air direct on a wound, a ulcer).
  • AEROCLIMATOLOGY, the section of a climatology investigator climatic conditions in a troposphere and the lower stratosphere (up to an altitude of 25 kms).
  • AEROLITE, the obsolete title of a stone meteorite.
  • AEROLOGY (from aero... And... logija), the section of meteorology investigator physical processes and the phenomena in a loose atmosphere (is higher than a ground layer) and methods of their probe.
  • AEROMAGNETOMETER, the device for measurements of a magnetic field of the Earth from a flight vehicle (including from a satellite). Distinguish ferroprobe, proton and quantum aeromagnetometers. See. The magnetometer.
  • AEROMECHANICS, the section of mechanics investigator balance and motion of gaseous mediums and mechanic influences of these mediums on solids submersed in them. It is sectioned into aerodynamics and aerostatics.
  • AERONAUTICS, the same, that an aerostation.
  • AERONOMY (from aero... And grech. nomos - the law), studies high layers of an atmosphere where the dissociation of atmospheric gases and their ionization are essential. Research techniques - rocket-propelled and satellite atmospheric sounding, overseeing by a wave propagation, spectral analysis.
  • AERO-OTITIS (from aero... And an otitis), disease of a middle ear which can be advanced at differentials of a barometric pressure (in flights, in an altitude chamber): sensation zalozhennosti, a pain, sometimes hum in an ear.
  • AEROPA, in the Grecian mythology daughter Katreja, the grand daughter kritskogo tsar Minosa. Has married tsar of Argos Plejstena, then for his{its} brother Atreja. Has given rise from latter Agamemnona and Menelaus.
  • AIRPLANE (from aero... And an armour. planum - a plane), the obsolete title of an airplane.
  • AEROPONIKA (from aero... And grech. ponos - activity) (air crop), a propagation without soil in a moist air. Roots periodically{batchly} spray a nutrient solution. Apply in hothouses, greenhouses, on spacecrafts and so forth.
  • AIRPORT (air port), the transport agency consisting of air terminal, aerodrome, etc. and ensuring regular public conveyances, freights, mail a means of aircraft. Large airports have some air terminals (the Moscow airport of the Sheremetyevo, an Orly in Paris, etc.).
  • No comments: