Friday, June 8, 2007

  • BJULER (Buhler) Charles (1879-1963), the german psychologist, the representative vjurtsburgskoj schools. In 1922-38 in Vienna, with 1938 in the USA. Originating of intelligence connected to occurrence{appearance} of certificates{acts} sudden comprehensions ("aga-experience"). Transactionses on development of nursery intellection, on psychologic aspects of speech.
  • The REPORT (frants. bulletin, from ital. bulletino - a note, the leaf).. 1) collection of official certificates{acts}, orders and t. p... 2) the Brief official report (about course of act of war, a level of health, etc.)... 3) the Periodic{Batch} or continuing issuing dedicated any circle of problems... 4) the Voting slip - the document for voting with surnames of candidates... 5) In the Russian right as the report call in a household activities the leaf of invalidity.
  • BJULOV (Bulow) Adam Genrih Ditrih a background (1757-1807), the Prussian military theorist. Has put forward the thesis about subordination of the strategy to policy; dogmatiziroval experience of management of wars of 18 century.
  • BJULOV Bernhard (1849-1929), prince, German rejhskantsler and the Prussian minister - president in 1900-09. In 1897-1900 imperial stats-secretary of foreign businesses. In 1907 has achieved building " Gottentotskogo the unit ".
  • BJULOV Hans a background (1830-94), the german pianist, the conductor, the composer, the musical critic. Pupil F.Lista. Propagandized products{creations} of Russian composers in Zap. To Europe (especially P.I.Chajkovskogo).
  • BJULOVSKY the UNIT, see " Gottentotsky the unit ".
  • BJULBJULI (korotkopalye ousels), a set of birds of order sparrow. 120 kinds{views}, predominary in tropics and subtropics of Eastern hemisphere. 1 kind{view} flies on the south of Uzbekistan, other - on the south Bayshore kr. And to Sakhalin.
  • BJUL-BJUL (an ice-film. A name and fam. Murtuza Meshadi Rza ogly Mamedov) (1897-1961), the Azerbaijan singer (the lyrico-dramatic tenor) and the specialist in folklore, the national actor of the USSR (1938). One of founders of the Azerbaijan modern musical theatre. With 1920 at the Azerbaijan theatre of opera and ballet. The professor of the Azerbaijan conservatory (with 1940). The state premium of the USSR (1950).
  • BJULFINGER (Bilfinger) (Bullfinger, Bilfinger) George Bernhard (1693-1750), physics and the philosopher, one of the first academicians Petersburg AN (1725-30; the foreign honorary member with 1731). By origin the German. One of organizers of Physical cabinet AN.
  • BJUNJUEL Ë., see Bunjuel L.
  • BJURAKANSKAJA ASTROPHYSICAL OBSERVATORY AN of Armenia. It is based in 1946 on Aragats. Instruments: 100-sm and 53-sm Schmidt telescopes, 2,6-th reflector, etc. The Radio astronomy station. Probes: a structure of the Galaxy, transient{non-stationary} objects, extra-galactical astronomy, etc.
  • The BURGHERS (a nem. Burgertum), burghers (from a nem. Burger - the town-dweller).. 1) all inhabitants of Western-European medieval city... 2) the Term more often used in the historical literature for notation of interlayer of the population of medieval city.
  • BURGHERS LANKIJSKIE an ethnic generality on Sri Lanka, descendants from discards of Europeans with singalkami and tamilkami. 55 thousand person (1992). Are divided on the Portuguese and Dutch burghers lankijskih, and also t. n. Eurasians (descendants from anglo-lankijskih discards). Speak basically in English. Live primarily in cities. Believing protesters and roman catholics.
  • OFFICE (frants. bureau), 1) the collegiate body elected or founded for management fixed, primarily of administrative, managing activity in any organization, a society, establishment... 2) the Title of some establishments (napr., reference office)... 3) the Desk, it is routine with shelves, boxes both other branches and a cover.
  • BUREAUCRAT.. 1) a face inhereing to bureaucracy... 2) the Official executing{designing} the responsibilities is formal, to the detriment of to business; the formalist, the red-tapist.
  • BUREAUCRACY (characters. - domination of office, from frants. bureau - office, office and... kratija), originally - an authority, influence of chiefs and officers of governmental body; hereinafter - notation of a layer of employees in the large organizations which have arisen in different orbs of a society. As the necessary control, administrations bureaucracy turns to a special social layer in which are inherent{intrinsic}: ierarhichnost, severe regulation, a division of labour and the responsibility in implementation of the formalized functions requiring of the professional education. Bureaucracy tendencies to turning into the privileged layer independent of the majority of members of organization that is accompanied by increase{rising} of a formalism and arbitrariness, authoritarianism and conformism, subordination of regulations and problems of activity of organization primarily to the purposes of its{her} strengthening and conservation are peculiar. It finds marginal expression in authoritative systems. The democratic society aspires to produce forms of the supervisory control and steering, directed on overcoming or limitation of negative features of bureaucracy.
  • BUST (frants. buste, from an armour. bustum - a place of cremation, a gravestone monument), 1) pogrudnoe the sculptural plotting of the person, the widespread kind{view} of a sculptural portrait (originally gravestone)... 2) the Women breast.
  • BRA (a nem. Bustenhalter - characters. bjustoderzhatel), the fitting of women underwear intended for a buttressing of a bust. Having appeared in Russia in nach. 1910th, he originally and called - bjustoderzhatel, in kon. 1920 - nach. 1930th have preferred the foreign word, is apparent because of intimal destination of this accessory.
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