Wednesday, June 6, 2007

  • BRAGANSA (Braganca), a dynasty of kings of Portugal (1640-1853) and emperors of Brazil (1822-89). The founder - ZHuan IV.
  • BRAGANSA-COBURG BREAD, junior line of dynasty Bragansa in Portugal. Rules in 1853-1910. The founder - Pedru V.
  • To HOME-MADE BEER (Brahe) it is quiet (1546-1601), the danish astronomer, the reformer of practical astronomy. On constructed by him{it} in 1576 observatories "Uraniborg" over 20 flying led definitions of rules{situations;positions} of heavenly bodies with the best the then accuracy. Has discovered 2 disparities on the move moon; has proved, that comets - heavenly bodies, more far, what moon; has constituted the check list of asters, tables of a refraction, etc. On the basis of his{its} supervision{observations} of Mars by I.Kepler has introduced laws of motion of planets.
  • HOME-MADE BEER.. 1) in the Scandinavian mythology the god - skald glorified by wisdom and eloquence, the husband of goddess Idunn. The name of the Home-made beer is connected with known of " the Junior Edda " the myth about Honey of poetry... 2) First historically certified legendary Norwegian skald 9 century which iceland poets honored as the founder of the art.
  • BRAGIN Lyudmila Ivanovna (r. 1943), Russian sportsmenka (track and field), the deserved master of sport (1972). CHempionka Olympic Games (1972) and the USSR (1968-74) in trot race on 1500 m.
  • BRAGINSKY Vladimir Borisovich (r. 1931), Russian physics, corresponding member Russian AN (1991; corresponding member AN the USSR with 1990). The main{basic} transactionses on problems of radiance, mass attraction. Developed methods of precision measurings for detection of gravity waves.
  • BRAGINSKY Joseph Samuilovich (1905-89), the Russian literary critic, the orientalist, the explorer of the Tadjik and persian literatures. Corresponding member Tadjik AN (1951). In a centre of attention - problems of general and comparative literary criticism. Books: " Sadriddin Ajni " (1948), " 12 miniatures " (1966), " Probes on the Tadjik crop (1977), " the Iranian literary heritage " (1984), etc.
  • BRAGINSKY Emil (Emmanuel) Veniaminovich (r. 1921), the Russian playwright. Plays and movie scripts in a genre of a lyrico-dramatic comedy: together with E.A.Rjazanovym - " Beregis the automobile{car}! " (1966), " the Twist of fate, or With a lung the ferry! " (1969; the State premium of the USSR, 1977), " the Service novel " (1977, under the play "Colleagues" 1971), "Garage" (1980), " Passenger depot for two " (1983); together with V.K.Chernyh - " Love with privileges " (1990). Plays "Freak of the imagination" (1979), "Room" (1980), " Lakejskie games " (1989).
  • BRAGUI (the self-title - braguj), people in Pakistan (750 thousand person, basically prov. Beluchistan and Sind). Live also in Afghanistan, Iran, etc. The Aggregate number of 835 thousand person (1992). Tongue bragui. Believers - moslems - sunnity.
  • BRADZOT, an acute communicable disease ovets. Symptoms: an intoxication, a defeat of a mucous membrane of an abomasum. Animal perish.
  • BRADYCARDIA (from grech. bradys - sluggish and kardia - heart), reduction of frequency of cordial reductions is lower than 60 impacts in 1 min. Can be konstitutsionalno stipulated or inquest of different diseases. Compare. A tachycardia.
  • BRADYKININ, see in an item. Kininy.
  • BRADFORD (Bradford), city in the Great Britain, England. 464 thousand inhabitants (1987). A large wool-manufacturing industry. Textile, a printing industry, a machine industry. University.
  • SPHINXES, set of butterflies. Side panels in scope{span} 2-20 see. Ok. 1200 kinds{views}, are distributed widely, most diverse in tropics. Caterpillars eat leaves, baring shoots. Vjunkovyj the sphinx on Ukraine erases a weed - a bindweed. Butterflies of some kinds{views} eat a nectar hurriedly. 7 kinds{views} of sphinxes, including turangovyj, oleandrovyj, a dead head, are guarded.
  • BRAZAUSKAS (├érazauskas) Algirdas (r. 1932) the president of Lithuania with 1993. With 1956 on technical-engineer activity. With 1965 minister for an industry of building timbers, with 1966 1-st vice-president of the State plan of Lithuania. With 1977 secretary of a Central Committee, in 1988-89 1-st secretary of Central Committee KP of Lithuania. Since December 1990 chairman of Democratic party of transactionses of Lithuania (with 1990 chairman Independent KP Lithuania). Since January 1990 chairman of Presidium VS of Lithuania. In March 1990 - January 1991 deputy of the prime minister of Lithuania. Since November 1992 chairman of the parliament acting the president of Lithuania.
  • BRAZZA (Brazza) Pierre Savornjan de (1852-1905), the French explorer and the colonialist of Equatorial Africa. In 1875-80 probeed a bass. rr. Ogooue, Njanga and Kvilu, in 1891-92 inflow of Congo - rr. Sanga and Ubangi. Has subordinated France hinterlands of Gabon and ground on the right to coast of the lower Congo.
  • BRAZZAVILLE (Brazzaville), capital (with 1960) Congo. It is administrative secured{discharged} in autonomous region. 760 thousand inhabitants (1990). A port on r. Congo, opposite Kinshasa (Zaire). An international airport. The textile, alimentary, chemical enterprises. A handicraft wood carving, manufacture of art ceramics. University. A national museum. It is based as the French military post{station} in 1880 Items. ├Ĺ. de Brazza. In 1903-50 administrative centre Compare. Congo, in 1910-58 - and the French Equatorial Africa, in 1958-60 - autonomous republic Congo. During 2-nd world war one of the main{basic} bases of motion " Loose France " (with 1942 - " the Combating France ").
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